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HOW DO ANIMALS AND PEOPLE RELATE TO ONE ANOTHER

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ferah köksal

on 23 March 2014

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Transcript of HOW DO ANIMALS AND PEOPLE RELATE TO ONE ANOTHER

UNIT 9 MAN AND BEAST
WHO ARE YOU CALLING A BEAST?
WATCH THE VIDEO AND DISCUSS THE QUESTION
HOW CAN WE PROTECT PEOPLE AND TIGERS
SUNDARBANS UNDER THREAT
SOME QUICK FACTS
The tiger is the largest member of the felid (cat) family. They sport long, thick reddish coats with white bellies and white and black tails. Their heads, bodies, tails and limbs have narrow black, brown or gray stripes. There were once nine subspecies of tigers: Bengal, Siberian, Indochinese, South Chinese, Sumatran, Malayan, Caspian, Javan and Bali. Of these, the last three are extinct, one is extinct in the wild, and the rest are endangered.
Diet
Tigers mainly eat ambar deer, wild pigs, water buffalo and antelope. Tigers are also known to hunt sloth bears, dogs, leopards, crocodiles and pythons as well as monkeys and hares. Old and injured tigers have been known to attack humans and domestic cattle.

Population
In the early 1900s, there were around 100,000 tigers throughout their range. Today, an estimated total of around 3,000-4,500 exist in the wild. Below is a breakdown of tiger numbers by subspecies.

Bengal tiger: Less than 2,000
Indochinese tiger: 750-1,300
Siberian tiger: Around 450
Sumatran tiger: 400-500
Malayan tiger: 600-800
South Chinese tiger: Extinct in the wild
Caspian tiger: Extinct
Javan tiger: Extinct
Bali tiger: Extinct

Range
Historic tiger range ran from Turkey through South and Southeast Asia to the far eastern shores of the continent. Today, they are only found in South and Southeast Asia, China and the Russian Far East.

Behavior
Tigers occupy a variety of habitats from tropical forests, evergreen forests, woodlands and mangrove swamps to grasslands, savannah and rocky country. They are mostly nocturnal (more active at night) and are ambush predators that rely on the camouflage their stripes provide. Tigers use their body weight to knock prey to the ground and kills with a bite to the neck. They are also very good swimmers and have been known to kill prey while swimming.

Tigers essentially live solitary lives, except during mating season and when females bear young. They are usually fiercely territorial and have and mark their large home ranges.

Reproduction
Mating Season: In tropical climates, mostly from around November to April; during the winter months in temperate regions.
Gestation: 103 days.
Litter size: 3-4 cubs.
Cubs follow their mother out of the den at around 8 weeks and become independent at around 18 months of age. They leave their mothers at about 2 ½ years. Mothers guard their young from wandering males that may kill the cubs to make the female receptive to mating.
CHEETAH THE PET
FUN FACTS OF CHEETAHS
The cheetah is the fastest land animal in the world. They can reach a top speed of around 113 km per hour.
A cheetah can accelerate from 0 to 113 km in just a few seconds.
Cheetahs are extremely fast however they tire quickly and can only keep up their top speed for a few minutes before they are too tired to continue.
Cheetahs are smaller than other members of the big cat family, weighing only 45 – 60 kilograms.
One way to always recognise a cheetah is by the long, black lines which run from the inside of each eye to the mouth. These are usually called “tear lines” and scientists believe they help protect the cheetah’s eyes from the harsh sun and help them to see long distances.
Cheetahs are the only big cat that cannot roar. They can purr though and usually purr most loudly when they are grooming or sitting near other cheetahs.
While lions and leopards usually do their hunting at night, cheetahs hunt for food during the day.
A cheetah has amazing eyesight during the day and can spot prey from 5 km away.
Cheetahs cannot climb trees and have poor night vision.
With their light body weight and blunt claws, cheetahs are not well designed to protect themselves or their prey. When a larger or more aggressive animal approaches a cheetah in the wild, it will give up its catch to avoid a fight.
Cheetahs only need to drink once every three to four days.
FABLE
a short story that tells a general truth or is only partly based on fact, or literature of this type
FUN FACTS
HOW DO ANIMALS AND PEOPLE RELATE TO ONE ANOTHER
THE GREAT ELEPHANT CHASE
HOW AFRICA AND THE CHEETAH BECAME INSEPERABLE
What is meant?
DO YOU THINK ANIMALS ARE THE ONLY BEASTS ON PLANET EARTH?
PLACID(ADJ):HAVING A CALM APPEARANCE OR CHARACTERISTICS
SELF-CONTAINED(ADJ):DESCRIBES SOMEONE WHO DOES NOT DEPEND OTHERS FOR SUPPORT
TIGERS
AESOP:was an Ancient Greek fabulist or story teller credited with a number of fables now collectively known as Aesop's Fables. Although his existence remains uncertain and (if they ever existed) no writings by him survive, numerous tales credited to him were gathered across the centuries and in many languages in a storytelling tradition that continues to this day. Many of the tales are characterized by animals and inanimate objects that speak, solve problems, and generally have human characteristics.
ANDROCLES AND THE LION BY AESOP
GILLIAN CROSS
(born 1945) is a British author of children's books. She won the 1990 Carnegie Medal for Wolf and the 1992 Whitbread Children's Book Award for The Great Elephant Chase.
She also wrote The Demon Headmaster series of books that were later turned into television series by the BBC.
THE ELEPHANT CHASE
CHEETAH
DO YOU
THIS CAT?
DO YOU KNOW THIS CAT?
ELEPHANTS

• Elephants are the largest land animals in the world.

• The largest elephant on record was an adult male African elephant. It weighed about 24,000 pounds and was 13 feet tall at the shoulder!

• Elephants can live to be over 70 years old.

• Only one mammal can’t jump — the elephant.

• The average weight for an elephant heart is about 27 to 46 pounds!

• Elephants have a highly developed brain and the largest of all the land mammals. The brain is 3 or 4 times larger than that of humans although smaller as a proportion of body weight.

• An elephant’s skin is an inch thick.

• Elephants have poor eyesight but an amazing sense of smell.

• At the age of 16, an elephant can reproduce, but rarely has more than four children throughout her lifetime. At birth, an elephant calf weighs about 230 lbs!

• Elephants have the longest pregnancy of all the animals. It takes a female 22 months from conception to give birth.

• Elephants purr like cats do, as a means of communication.

• Elephants prefer one tusk over the other, just as people are either left or right-handed.

• Tusks are an elephant’s incisor teeth. They are used for defense, digging for water, and lifting things.

• The elephant trunk has more than 40,000 muscles in it.

• Elephants waive their trunks up in the air and from side to side to smell better.

• The elephant’s trunk is able to sense the size, shape and temperature of an object. An elephant uses its trunk to lift food and suck up water then pour it into its mouth.

• Elephants cry, play, have incredible memories, and laugh.

• Elephants can swim – they use their trunk to breathe like a snorkel in deep water.

• Elephants express grief, compassion, self-awareness, altruism and play.

• Elephants have greeting ceremonies when a friend that has been away for some time returns to the group.

• Elephants have large, thin ears. Their ears are made up of a complex network of blood vessels which regulate an elephant’s temperature. Blood is circulated through their ears to cool them down in hot climates.

• An elephant is capable of hearing sound waves well below our human hearing limitation.

• Elephants are social creatures. They sometimes “hug” by wrapping their trunks together in displays of greeting and affection.


DID YOU KNOW THAT ..........
WHAT IS A BEAST?
A BEAST IS AN ANIMAL, ESPECIALLY A LARGE OR A WILD ONE
A BEAST IS AN ANIMAL,ESPECIALLY A LARGE OR A WILD ONE
WHAT DO YOU THINK AFTER WATCHING THE VIDEO?
WHO DO YOU THINK THE STATUE IS?
THEY ARE ENDANGERED!!!!!!
Full transcript