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Myths, Legends, and Fables
Transcript of Myths, Legends, and Fables
Represent the distant past.
Common characters; gods and goddesses, supernatural beings, or the "first people".
Common themes; beginning of the world, natural phenomena, the relationships between the gods and humans, and the origins of civilization.
Contain elements of good vs. evil.
Common function; to explain the natural world and/or convey how to live. Myths The word "fable" derived from the Latin "fabula” meaning little story
A short tale to teach a moral lesson
often with animals or inanimate objects as characters
Among the oldest forms of folk literature.
credited to Aesop (6th century BC) Fables About people
Told for a purpose
Based on facts, but not completely true
Details can be hard to confirm
Somewhat exaggerated to add interest to story
Person never did what is said in story
Events in history were changed
Does not have to be exaggerated
Ex: Robin Hood (Robin of Loxley in Nottinghamshire)
Person telling the story does not act as witness, just “heard” it from someone
Can contain elements from Folktales and fairy tales Legends Stories that are passed down from generation to generation, changing slowly over time.
Provide a link between the past and the future.
While retaining much of their original flavor and content have to evolve in subtle ways to remain meaningful in different eras. Ancient
Greek or Roman
Modern Types of Myths The Alchemist by Paulo Coelho
Animal Farm by George Orwell
The Lion and the Mouse by Jerry Pinkney
Jonathan Livingston Seagull by Richard Bach
The Giving Tree by Shel Silverstein
The Little Prince by Antoine de saint-Exupery
The Spider and the Fly by Tony DiTerlizzi
King Arthur and the Sword in the Stone by Hudson Talbott
Robin Hood by Howard Pyle
Sleepy Hollow by Washington Irving
Birth of Paul Bunyan retold by S. E. Schlosser List of Books ‘Twas the night before Christmas by Matt Tavares
The Lambton Worm by Joan III Henderson
The Road to El Dorado by Ellen Weiss
Beowulf by James Rumford
Percy Jackson and the Lightning Thief by Rick Riordan
Harry Potter Series by J.K. Rowling
Isis and Osiris retold by Carrie Meister
The Gods and Goddesses of Olympus by Aliki
Hercules, The Man, The Myth, The Hero by Kathryn
The Fire Children: A West African Creation Tale by Eric Maddern
Arrow to the Sun: A Pueblo Indian Tale by Garold McDermott Urban Legends Not usually told to children
Popular stories, told to be “true” passed on mouth to mouth or written
“Outlandish, humiliating, humorous, terrifying, or supernatural events”
Happens to someone other than the teller; hearsay
Often carry a warning
Alligator in the Sewer (NY)
Two sisters died in Manhattan 1800s, haunt rink, problem skating rink built 1949
Hands Brinker, little boys saved everyone from flood with one finger (Amsterdam)
All metro trains green. Except a silver one that is seen once in a while, that no one drives. Stays at abandoned Kymlinge metro station (Stockholm)
Hook Man- teenage lovers parked in Lover’s Lane
La llorona http://www.planetozkids.com/oban/what-is-difference-between-myths-legends-fables-folk-tales.htm
http://www.kimskorner4teachertalk.com/readingliterature/genres/fable/fable.htm Helpful Websites Jeopardy The Giving Tree Read Aloud http://www.kimskorner4teachertalk.com/readingliterature/genres/fable/fable.htm