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Copy of The Eucharist
Transcript of Copy of The Eucharist
Parts of the Mass
Themes of the Eucharist
The introductory rites
The introductory rites consist of:
Entrance, greeting, the act of penitence, the
kyrie (latin for 'Lord have Mercy'), the gloria, and the collect.
The Liturgy of the word
The body of the mass is split into 2 sections; the liturgy of the word, and the liturgy of the Eucharist.
The liturgy of the word consists of biblical readings, the homily, the profession of faith, and the prayer of the faithful.
The liturgy of the Eucharist
The liturgy of the Eucharist consists of the preparation
of gifts (bread and wine), the Eucharistic prayer, the communion rite, the Lords prayer, the rite of peace, the fraction, and communion.
The concluding rites
The concluding rites consist of any necessary announcements, the priests greeting and blessing, the dismissal of the people, the kissing of the altar, and lastly the priest, the deacon, and other ministers bow to the altar.
Santorosario.net. n.d.. The Parts of the Mass. [online] Available at: http://www.santorosario.net/english/mass/2.htm [Accessed: 24 Aug 2013].
Sprinkling of the holy water
Occasionally, on celebrations such as Easter, the priest or bishop may sprinkle holy water on the people as a reminder of baptism, and as a part of the introductory rites.
Occasionally, the priest will put incense on the altar as a symbol of reverence for the table of sacrifice.
Gestures (when praying)
The actions in which the priest performs helps us understand that the bread and wine has been changed into the body and blood of Christ.
When the priest bows, it shows his admiration for people and things. The priest bows when he comes to the altar at the beginning of the mass, during the Nicene creed, and during the preparation of gifts when he says a short prayer.
The priest makes the sign of the cross at the beginning of the mass, then extends his hands further, greeting the audience.
At the end of the mass the priest will bless the people in the name of the holy trinity. He does this by making the sign of the cross over the audience, then the people follow him and make the sign of the cross too.
Wine symbolizes joy. The grapes are grown, crushed, and made into wine.
The bread symbolizes life. The wheat is grown, then transformed into the bread.
Anointing the person with oil symbolizes that they are set apart for a particular mission.
The newly baptized wear white clothes- this is to symbolize their pure new life of grace. At mass, the priest wears a white alb which represents his baptismal garment.
Fire symbolizes God's purifying presence
Before the wine is consecrated, a drop of water is put into the wine. It represents the human nature of Christ.
Laying on of the hands
The laying on of the hands is the
sign of calling down the holy spirit
When the priest leads the audience in prayer, he will place his hands in the air symbolizing that he is praying for everyone present at the mass.
Eucharist means thanksgiving. We thank God for all nature (Seas, mountains, sun, stars etc.), for the gift of life, for his son Jesus Christ who rescued us from sin, for the new covenant established by Jesus, and for his love to all men and women.
The Eucharist itself is the sacrifice of the body and blood of Jesus Christ.
Our union with God is made complete with the Eucharist- It is the body, blood, soul, and divinity of lord Jesus Christ- who is truly present in the Eucharist.
John 6:51 "I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Whoever eats this bread will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.”
Jesus'' death was a sacrifice for our sins; "the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world" (Jn 1:29). The Eucharist is the memorial of this sacrifice.
Meaning of the mass
The meaning of the mass
How the Eucharist influences the daily
lives of Catholics and their communities
Mass is the coming together of the church. It is where we gather, we listen to God's word, we give thanks, and we go to love and serve our Lord.
The Eucharist compels us to be disciples of charity. Every time we go to Mass we hear the words: "Take this, all of you, and eat it: this is my body which will be given up for you." and "Do this in memory of me." Similarly, Jesus not only gives himself to us in the Eucharist, but he wants us to go out and do the same for others.
The purpose of the mass
There are four main purposes of the mass:
1. To adore God as our Creator and Lord.
2. To thank God for his many favors.
3. To ask God to give his blessings to all men.
4. To satisfy the justice of God for the sins committed against him.
The pope said:
"Our communities, when they celebrate the Eucharist, must become ever more conscious that the sacrifice of Christ is for all, and that the Eucharist thus compels all who believe in him to become "bread that is broken" for others, and to work for the building of a more just and fraternal world" (SC, 88)
The word "mass" comes from the latin word 'missa' which means mission.
The principal changes that Vatican II made are the following:
the Eucharist is celebrated in the local language
the presider faces the congregation
There are responses for the people
The laity may read and give communion
The gifts are brought to the alter by the laity
The chalice is shared by all