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Approaches to Curriculum Designing

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on 11 January 2015

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Transcript of Approaches to Curriculum Designing

Subject-Centered Design
Focuses on the content of the curriculum
Learner-Centered Design
Emphasizes on the elementary level
Problem-Centered Design
Deals with the social problems, needs, interests and abilities of learners
Approaches to Curriculum Design
Child or Learner-Centered Approach
Approaches to Curriculum Designing
Corresponds mostly to the textbook
Aims for excellence in the subject matter
Subject Design
Discipline Design
Correlation Design
Interdisciplinary Design
Subject Design
The oldest and most familiar design for all people
Learning is compartmentalized.
The teacher becomes the dispenser of knowledge and learners are simply the empty vessel to receive the information content from the teacher.
The traditional approach to teaching and learninng
Discipline Design
Focuses on Academic Disciplines
Specific knowledge learned through a method which the scholars used to study the content of their fields
Used in college than in elementary and secondary
Correlation Design
Links separate subject design from a core to a variety of subjects
Teachers should come together and plan the lessons cooperatively
Interdisciplinary Design
A variation of the subject-centered design
Made to cure compartmentalization
Sometimes called Holistic Curriculum
It is a design where a specific theme is identified and other subjects areas revolve around the theme
Anchored on the needs and interests of the child
Learners interact with teachers and the environment
Learning is a product of a child's interaction with the environment.
Experiences of the learners become the starting point of the curriculum
Learners are made to choose from various activities that the teacher provides
Learners are empowered to shape their own learning from different opportunities.
In a school where experience-curriculum is provided, different learning centers are found, time is flexible and children are free to make options
Humanistic Design
Stresses the whole person and the integration of thinking, feeling and doing
Stresses the development of positive self-concept and interpersonal skills
The development of self is the ultimate objective of learning
Content cuts across subject boundaries and must be based on the needs, concerns and abilities of students
Life-Situations Design
The contents are organized in ways that allow students to clearly view problem areas
Emphasizes on activities that sustain life, enhance life, aid in rearing children, maintain individual's social and political relations and enhance leisure, tasks and feelings.
Core-Problem Design
Centers on general education and the problems are based on the common human activities
It includes common needs, problems, concerns of the learners
Subject-Centered Approach
Problem-Centered Approach
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