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Incorporating Quotes Into Your Formal Paragraph
Transcript of Incorporating Quotes Into Your Formal Paragraph
Pet Peeve...Dropped Quotes
(Don't Ever do This!!!)
Never put a quote in your paragraph/essay without introducing it first or explaining it.
This is called a "dropped quote. "
In other words, it is a quotation that appears in the middle of a paragraph or essay with no introduction or explanation. It appears out of nowhere!
Introducing quotes is much easier than you think!
The OREO Method
Consider quotation analysis like Oreo cookies. How many parts are there to an Oreo cookie?
The Top Cookie represents your introduction to the quote.
The best part of the cookie :)
The Cream is the actual quotation WITH the citation.
Whenever you borrow something someone else wrote, you need to cite it.
What does this look like?
Drivers with DUI convictions are increasing the dangers out on the roads for drivers. "The risk of a driver who has one or more DUI convictions becoming involved in a fatal crash is about 1.4 times the risk of a driver with no DUI convictions."
Are you ready for a super cool analogy??
Introducing...the OREO method... :)
An Oreo has 3 Parts:
1.) Top Cookie
2.) The Cream
3.) Bottom Cookie
Your introduction should answer these three questions:
1.) Who said it?
2.) Who was the person talking to?
3.) What was happening when it was used?
This is the correct way to cite a quotation:
In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Dumbledore warns Harry Potter," It does not do to dwell on dreams and forget to live" (130).
Notice that I put the page numbers in parentheses at the end of my sentence BEFORE the period.
A VERY IMPORTANT part as well...
This is where you will explain WHY the quote is important and WHAT it has to do with the main idea in your topic sentence.
Analysis and explanation that pulls out specific portions of the quote to prove the topic sentence.
Bottom Cookie Example
Topic Sentence: In J.K. Rowling's famous Harry Potter series, the character of Dumbledore is a very wise wizard.
Quote Introduction: Dumbledore is full of advice for Hogwarts Students. In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, Dumbledore warns Harry Potter, "It does not do to dwell on dreams and forget to live" (130).
Explanation: In this scene Dumbledore reveals his wisdom about life. He understands that people can easily waste their time wishing for things they don't have instead of appreciating what they do have.
It's as simple as just telling me who said the quote. Example: In the beginning of "The Cask of Amontillado, Montresor states, "I had borne a thousand injuries as best I could, but when he ventured upon insult, I vowed revenge" (l. 1-2).
1.) In the story, the catacombs are very dreary. Poe writes, "The walls of piled bones, with casks and puncheons intermingling in the inmost recesses of the catacombs" (6).
2.) Montresor is very vengeful. He is obsessed with getting back at Fortunato. He says, "At length, I would be avenged" (3).
3.) Montresor's cunning pays off because he never gets caught. At the end of the story, Poe writes, "For half of a century, no mortal has disturbed [the bones]" (10).
After you quote the text, you need to be able to answer the question "So what?"
Students will use the OREO method to introduce 2-3 quotations. These introductions will inform the reader WHO said the quote and in WHAT context.
Students will cite lines and page numbers for each quote correctly (i.e. page/line numbers in parentheses BEFORE the period).
Students will explain the significance of each quotation they use. They will explain WHY the quote supports the main idea in the topic sentence.
Where did this come from? Who said it? A doctor? An expert on drunk driving statistics? Your mom?