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Dying to be thin

Body image and the media
by

jordan sowell

on 20 April 2015

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Transcript of Dying to be thin

Was it always this way?
What is
body image?

Are you a Barbie girl?
How media influences female body image
May 16th 2013
Jordie Sowell

The media:
Our unrealistic reality
The skinny on skinny
Eating disorders
Barbie's dirty
secrets

Questions/discussion
Thank you!
A complex issue
“Every society has a way of torturing its women, whether by binding their feet or by sticking them into whalebone corsets.

What contemporary American culture has come up with is designer jeans.”
"A subjective picture of one's own physical appearance established both by self-observation and by noting the reactions of others."
80% of college women experience body dissatisfaction.
For example:
We know the media is dominated by "beautiful people".
But that's just the tip of the iceberg.
Quick facts
The images in the media affect this picture and cause body dissatisfaction & body image disturbance.
Dr. Anne Becker's study in Fiji
The introduction of TV caused
*Women changed their body ideal traditions due to the new American media influence
thin ideal internalization
*Proven to be linked with both body image disturbance and disordered eating
.
90% of women & girls diet.
Some statistics:
In 2003, Teen Magazine reported that 76% of girls 12-16 believe they are over weight, and have admitted to vomiting, excessive dieting, or unhealthy eating habits.
"I want to look like the
actresses
and
models
on
T.V.
"
So, when did skinny become beautiful?
A. It's always been this way.
B. During the Victorian era.
C. The 1920s.
D. the 1960s-1970s.
C. The 1920s.
Models
Advertising
On average, how much are models underweight?
A. 5%
B. 10%
C. 20%
C. 20%
Being 15% underweight is a criteria used to diagnose anorexia.
25 years ago, models were 8% thinner than the average woman.
Today, it is 23%.
Less than 5% of women can be as thin as models.
Objectification and unrealistic images
Objectification
Unrealistic images
They preach "health" and "moderation", but advertise diet supplements and appetite suppressants.
A Playgirl model in 1976 would need to lose 12 pounds of fat and gain 27 pounds of muscle to model today.
What percentage of women around the world describe themselves as beautiful?
A. 30%
B. 16%
C. 10%
D. 4%
D. 4%
2% more than in 2004
72% of girls 10-17 feel "tremendous" pressure to be beautiful from the Media.
4-9% of college women have eating disorders,
but
34-67% are on subthreshold levels.
There is actually a very small difference in number of men & women who suffer.
"Thinspo"
Disordered eating
Life in plastic is not so fantastic.
Galia Slayen with her creation.
Barbie would be
5'9"
tall, would weigh
110
lbs and have a
30"
bust, an
18"
waist,
33"
hips and a size
3
foot.
She would have a BMI of
16.24
, which fits the criteria for
anorexia
.

She would be too underweight to
menstruate.
Thank you!
Kate Moss
Now, go start a revolution.
Joel Yager, M.D.
Thesis Statement
"By establishing un-natural, unattainable standards of beauty and body perfection, the media drives all types of women to extreme levels of dissatisfaction with their over-all body image."
Researchers generating a computer model of a woman with Barbie-Doll proportions, for
example, found that her back would be too weak to support the weight of her upper body and her body would be too narrow to contain more than half a liver and a few centimeter of bowel. A real
woman built that way would suffer from chronic diarrhea and eventually die from malnutrition
75% of teenage girls have a celebrity, or model portrayed in media they look up to for a body image they are trying to get no matter the "sacrifices," according to the National Institute on Media and Family.
* The American media made the earlier praised "thicker" women believe their body ideals weren't beautiful any longer.
When asked why the teens wanted to diet they ALL responded back saying...
Media's influence in adolescents
Girls' view of their body images has been distorted by the messages given by the media everyday. Disapproval of their bodies and patterns of disordered eating are becoming especially prevalent in adolescent and college age girls. People may argue that the message of being your own person is okay, yet the main point is to have that "ideal body image".
The History on the
Skinny
1900s
Small waist was still in fashion. A health corset was worn tightly. Also, pushed the bust forward and the hips back, creating an 'S' shape.
1910s
Women started to get active and athletic. Physical fitness introduced a slender shape in fashion. Corset were out of fashion and brassiere were worn.
1920s
The Victorian hourglass gave way to the thin flapper who bound her breasts to
achieve a washboard profile. Thin, boyish figure with little or no curves. Wore underwear that flattened chest for a masculine look. Some women binded their breast for a flatter chest. After World War I, active lifestyles added another dimension. Energy and vitality became central and body fat was perceived to contribute to inefficiency and was seen as a sign of self-indulgence.
1930s
Slightly curvier figure with a bigger bust and wanted slim hips. Women brought in the corset back in 1930s. Then a 'girdle' - a bra and attached garters.

1940s

After the war, curves were back in fashion. Slim waists, long, full skirts were back into style. Underwear started to be worn for emphasizing the breast, instead of the waist. Bra was worn for lifting and enhancing breasts. "Falsies" - extra padding in bra was added for a bigger breast look.

-Men are always seen as intelligent, the providers, with bodies that are strong and tall.

-Woman are seen as ignorant, helpless, with bodies that are thin and curvy, and belong at home.


A thin woman with a large bust line was considered most attractive. The voluptuous (size 16) Marilyn Monroe set a new standard for women who now needed to rebuild the curves they had previously tried to bind and restrain.
1950s
1960s
Mini skirt was in fashion. Petticoats and curves were no longer in style. A famous celebrity during this period was Twiggy. The Barbie doll was created with huge breasts, never-ending legs, non-existent hips, and teeny-tiny waist.
Bodies of the different genders are highly distinctive; small waist, curves, frilly dresses.Males husky with a gruff look.
1970s
Natural look was in fashion and the "Hippie" look was in style. But, women still wanted small waist, hips and large breast. Then after a while, toned skin was popular.
- Guys are strong, sexual, into cars, one track mind. (Girls)
Females, pink ladies, petite, superficial, into pampering themselves, top priority being boys.
1980s
Women started to work out for a fit body shape. Diet and exercising were fairly common. They wanted a muscular body, but with nice curves.
1990s
Weight losing became popular. Women wanted to be tall, skinny with big breast. Women still used lingerie to help get the body shape they want, including corsets, body-shapers, control tights, push-up bras and magic knickers.
2000s
Thinness is the ultimate body shape goal. Women nowadays do plastic surgery, gastric reductions and radical diets to get skinny.
Conclusion:
In today's society, media is placed
everywhere
so
everyone
can see it. With the amount of exposure women have to
altered
advertisements, no wonder this is an issue. Considering women see these distorted images everyday, it impacts their body image because
media
uses Photoshop to perfect models' looks, it fabricates an
"ideal body image"
, and young girls are now trying to
enhance their looks.
Is there hope for women today and to come?
In a survey conducted in girls between the ages of 8-13,
65%
of them said they were
more scared
of being
"fat"
when they got older than a
nuclear bomb
, a
World War
, or being diagnosed with
cancer.
Many ads today portray women in a very unrealistic way, trying to give the models flawless looks by using editing software like Photoshop. This is what sells in today's society, but this message should not be the one portrayed to young girls, or any women.
Pictures: Works Cited
Ashley Greene on Women's Health. N.d. Chic Dish. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2012.

Barbie. N.d. FitToDo. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2012.
Bedford, Keith. Skinny model. 2007. The Sydney Morning Herald. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2012.

British Actress Is Thin And Desperate . 12 Jan. 2012. BlindGossip.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2012.

Britney Spears: Candies Before and After Photoshop. N.d. Allie is Wired. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2012.
Emme. N.d. Cognitive Daily. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2012.
How to Make Muscles. N.d. Somebody Lied. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2012.
Hysteria. N.d. SELF. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2012.
In Touch "Scary Skinny." 7 Sept. 2007. Back in Skinny Jeans. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 May 2012.
"Barbie Boots Up." Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com. Nov.-Dec. 1996. Web. 28 Sept. 2011. <http://www.time.com>;

"Body Image and the Media | Le Réseau Canadian Pour La Santé Des Femmes." The Canadian Women's Health Network / Le Réseau Canadien Pour La Santé Des Femmes. The Canadians Women's Health Network. Web. 28 Sept. 2011. <http://www.cwhn.ca/node/40776>;

Cummings, Laura. "BBC NEWS | Business | The Diet Business: Banking on Failure."BBC News - Home. BBC News World Edition, Jan.-Feb. 2003. Web. 28 Sept. 2011. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/2725943.stm>;

Genova DiBattista, Rosemary.Female Body Image (A hot issue). 1st ed. 1. Berkley Heights: Enslow Publishers, 2005. 89-95. Print.

Gale, Thomas. Teen Decisions (Body Image). 1st ed. 1. New York: Green Haven Press, 2003. 50-56. Print.

"Obesity in the U.S." American Obesity Association. Jan.-Feb. 2006; Web http://www.obesity.org/ September 21.
Oldenburg, Ann. "USATODAY.com - Jamie Lee Curtis Bares the Truth." News, Travel, Weather, Entertainment, Sports, Technology, U.S.& World - USATODAY.com. Jamie Lee
Curtis, 20 Aug. 2002. Web. 06 Oct.

2011.<http://www.usatoday.com/life/2002-08-19-jamie-lee_x.htm>; Radar, Programs. N.p.. Web. 25 Apr 2013. <http://www.raderprograms.com/causes-statistics/media-eating-disorders.html>.
Works Cited
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