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Royer_Nigeria_Hailey Margherita

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Margherita Brini

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of Royer_Nigeria_Hailey Margherita

NIGERIA NIGERIA IS AFRICA'S MOST POPULOUS COUNTRY.
IT IS HOME TO 170,123,740 PEOPLE
AND HAS THE 7TH LARGEST POPULATION IN THE WORLD. HAUSA, YORUBA, IGBO,
KANURI, FULANI ARE
NIGERIA'S MOST COMMONLY
USED LANGUAGES 0-14 YEARS 43.9%
15-64 YEARS 53.1%
65+ YEARS 3% BUT, THERE ARE OVER 500 OTHERS ENGLISH IS NIGERIA'S OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
BUT OVER 50% OF THE POPULATION PREFER TO SPEAK ANOTHER age structure NIGERIA IS A MULTI RELIGIOUS COUNTRY 50% MUSLIM
40% CHRISTIAN
10% INDIGENOUS BELIEFS BIRTH RATE 39.23 BIRTHS/1000 PEOPLE
DEATH RATE 13.48 DEATHS/1000 PEOPLE

THE POPULATION GROWTH RATE IS 2.55%. MINORITY RELIGIONS INCLUDE HINDUISM, JUDAISM AND CHRISLAM ECONOMY THE NET MIGRATION RATE IN NIGERIA IS -0.22%. NIGERIA HAS 36 STATES AND 1 TERRITORY. LIFESTYLE NIGERIANS USE VARIOUS SPICES AND HERBS TO MAKE THEIR CUISINE FLAVOURFUL THE COUNTRY'S CAPITAL IS ABUJA, WHICH HAS AROUND 2 MILLION PEOPLE. THEY USE THESE TO MAKE SAUCES AND SOUPS THAT ARE OFTEN SPICY SOME OF NIGERIA'S NATURAL RESOURCES INCLUDE NATURAL GAS PETROLEUM TIN IRON ORE COAL THEY HAVE THEIR OWN NATIONAL FOOTBALL TEAM KNOWN AS THE SUPER EAGLES LIMESTONE NIOBIUM LEAD ZINC THEY HAVE MADE IT TO THE WORLD CUP FOUR TIMES, AS WELL AS WON THE GOLD MEDAL FOR FOOTBALL IN THE 1996 SUMMER OLYMPICS BASKETBALL IS ALSO POPULAR THEIR NATIONAL BASKETBALL TEAM PARTICIPATED IN THE 2012 SUMMER OLYMPICS NIGERIA IS ALSO HOME TO MANY INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED BASKETBALL PLAYERS FROM AROUND THE GLOBE THE INFANT MORTALITY RATE IN NIGERIA IS 74.3 DEATHS FOR EVERY 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS. THIS IS THE 15TH WORST INFANT MORTALITY RATE IN THE WORLD. THE AVERAGE IMR FOR BOYS IS 79.4 DEATHS & 68.97 DEATHS FOR GIRLS. POPULAR SPORTS IN NIGERIA THERE ARE OVER 250 ETHNIC GROUPS. IN NIGERIA, THE MOST POPULOUS AND POWERFUL GROUPS ARE: HAUSA/FULONI 29%
YORUBA 21%
IGBO 18%
IJAU 10% KANARI 4%
IBIBIO 3.5%
TIV 2.5% NIGERIA'S HIGHEST ELEVATION IS CHAPPAL WADDI, AT 2419m. THIS IS ABOUT 2X THE HEIGHT OF GROUSE MOUNTAIN. IN NIGERIAN MARRIAGES THE LOWEST ELEVATION IN NIGERIA IS SEA LEVEL AT 0m. THE WOMEN'S POSITION IN SOCIETY CHANGES FOLLOWING A MARRIAGE AS THEY LACK CERTAIN RIGHTS WOMEN ARE TREATED AS THE HUSBANDS PROPERTY AND ARE TAKEN FOR GRANTED. THE GOVERNMENT OF NIGERIA HAS EXECUTIVE, LEGISLATIVE, AND JUDICIARY BRANCHES, JUST LIKE CANADA'S. IN THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH THERE IS A PRESIDENT, A VICE PRESIDENT, AND A CABINET. IN THE LEGISLATIVE BRANCH THERE IS A SENATE AND A HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. THEY GET VOTED IN BY THE CITIZENS. THE POLITICAL SYSTEM OF NIGERIA IS A FEDERAL REPUBLIC. CHILDEREN ARE EXPECTED TO PROVIDE SUPPORT FOR THIER FAMILY IN THE JUDICIARY BRANCH THERE IS A SUPREME COURT AND A FEDERAL COURT OF APPEAL WHO ARE APPOINTED BY THE GOVERNMENT. MALES ARE SUPERIOR TO FEMALES BECAUSE OF THEIR RIGHT TO INHERITANCE AND FAMILY NAME THE LEADING PARTY IN NIGERIA IS THE PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC PARTY (PDP). DURING NIGERIAN ELECTIONS, THERE ARE OFTEN VOTING FRAUDS AND STOLEN BALLOT BOXES. IN 2011, THERE WERE RIOTS AFTER THE ELECTIONS. 1,000 PEOPLE WERE KILLED BY BOMBS. NIGERIAN MEALS ARE OFTEN COLOURFUL AND EXTRAVAGANT IN NIGERIA, LIVING STANDARDS ARE OFTEN POOR.
THE 2011 HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX RANKED NIGERIA 156th OUT 187 COUNTRIES. MUCH OF NIGERIAN CLOTHING IS UNIQUE AND TRADITIONAL NIGERIAN CLOTHING FOR WOMEN INCLUDE THE BUBA, KABA, IRO, GELE AND IBORUN, AND FOR MEN INCLUDE THE BUBA, FILA SOKOTO, ABETI-AJA AND AGBADA BY HAILEY MAH AND




MARGHERITA BRINI LACE, JACQUARD, ADIRE, AND ANKARA ARE SOME OF THE MATERIALS USED IN NIGERIAN ATTIRE 33.9% OF NIGERIANS LIVE IN SEVERE POVERTY.
64.4% OF PEOPLE LIVE BELOW THE INCOME POVERTY LINE. LIFE EXPECTANCY MALES: 49 YEARS
FEMALES: 55 YEARS TOTAL POPULATION: 52 YEARS PHYSICAL MAP OF NIGERIA NIGERIA HAS THE SECOND LARGEST ECONOMY IN AFRICA, THANKS TO THEIR OIL INDUSTRY.
THIS COUNTRY IS THE 10TH LARGEST PRODUCER OF OIL IN THE WORLD, AND 3RD IN AFRICA. NIGERIA'S ECONOMY IS POOR DUE TO THE COUNTRY'S CORRUPTION AND UNDERDEVELOPED INFRASTRUCTURE.









AGRICULTURE EMPLOYS 60% OF WORKING NIGERIANS. LITERACY RATE MOST NIGERIANS OVER 15 YEARS OLD CAN READ AND WRITE MALES 72%
FEMALES 50% THE GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT PER CAPITA IN NIGERIA HAS BEEN GROWING STEADILY IN THE LAST SEVERAL YEARS. IN 2011, THE GDP WAS $2,600 US. RATE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL ATTENDANCE IS 32% FOR MALES AND 27% FOR FEMALES HISTORY LIVING STANDARDS CURRENCY THE USED IN NIGERIA
IS THE NAIRA IN NIGERIA, THE FORMAL EDUCATION SYSTEM IS:
6 years of primary school
3 years of junior secondary school
3 years of senior secondary school
+ 4 years of university education

16 years of schooling THE NAIRA IS DIVIDED INTO 100 KOBO 1 DOLLAR = 159 NAIRA IN NIGERIA... ADULTS OWN CELL PHONES HOUSEHOLDS HAVE RADIOS OF
NIGERIANS HAVE A TV IN THEIR HOME OF PEOPLE HAVE A
IN THE HOUSE 79% CELL PHONES ARE OFTEN USED TO ACCESS THE INTERNET RATHER THAN COMPUTERS 9 OUT OF 10 1 IN 2 AVERAGE RAINFALL IN SOUTHERN NIGERIA IS ALMOST 4000mm, AND 500mm IN THE NORTH EASTERN SIDE 9.4% COMPUTER THE CLIMATE IN NIGERIA IS TROPICAL WTH HUMID AND DAMP SEASONS. IN THE SOUTH, IT IS RELATIVELY MORE HUMIND AND DAMP THAN THE NORTH THERE ARE 0.395 DOCTORS PER PERSON IN NIGERIA. 26% OF NIGERIAN CHILDREN ARE UNDERWEIGHT. CRUDE OIL, COAL, TIN, RUBBER PRODUCTS, WOOD, HIDES AND SKINS, TEXTILES, CEMENT AND OTHER CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS, FOOD PRODUCTS, FOOTWEAR, CHEMICALS, FERTILIZER, PRINTING, CERAMICS, STEEL $92.47 BILLION IN NIGERIA, OVER 3.3 MILLION PEOPLE ARE LIVING WITH AIDS.
THERE IS A VERY HIGH RISK FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASES LIKE MALARIA, HEPATITIS, AND TYPHOID. FUN FACT! OF OIL AND NATURAL GAS ARE THE MAIN FACTORS BEHIND NIGERIA'S GROWTH AND ACCOUNTS FOR MORE THAN 95% OF TOTAL EXPORTS. UNICEF ESTIMATES THAT 34 MILLION PEOPLE IN NIGERIA DEFECATE IN THE OPEN. ON WORLD TOILET DAY, NOVEMBER 19, INITIATIVES FOR MORE SANITATION IN POOR COUNTRIES WERE MADE TO HELP PREVENT INFECTIOUS DISEASES. NIGERIAS MAIN EXPORT PARTNERS:
USA (30%)
GUINEA (8%)
BRAZIL (6.6%)
FRANCE (6%)
INDIA (12%) CURRENTLY, NIGERIA'S EXTERNAL
DEBT IS $36 BILLION. INFRASTRUCTURE IN NIGERIA IS GENERALLY POOR.
THERE ARE EXISTING SYSTEMS OF TRANSPORTATION AND ELECTRICITY, BUT THEY ARE NOT MAINTAINED PROPERLY. NIGERIA'S HUGE POPULATION CAN CAUSE OVERCROWDING AND TRAFFIC IN URBAN AREAS. THERE IS LOTS OF ARABLE LAND IN NIGERIA, BUT THE BAD ROAD CONDITIONS PREVENT AGRICULTURE FROM BEING GROWN. NIGERIA FACES CORRUPTION THAT KEEPS MONEY FROM BEING USED TOWARDS DEVELOPMENT.






LONG-TERM LOANS ARE ALSO NEEDED TO KEEP PROPER MAINTENANCE OF INFRASTRUCTURE. THE MANY ETHNICITIES & CUSTOMS OF NIGERIANS CONTRIBUTE TO THE COUNTRY'S CULTURE. FUN FACT! WHEN GREETING PEOPLE IN NIGERIA, IT IS EXPECTED THAT YOU MAKE LOTS OF SMALL TALK WITH THE PERSON. IT'S CONSIDERED RUDE TO JUST SAY HELLO. FUN FACT! NIGERIA HAS THE HIGHEST NUMBER OF TWIN BIRTHS COMPARED TO EVERY OTHER COUNTRY. FUN FACT! THE DRILL IS A RARE SPECIES OF MONKEY ONLY FOUND IN NIGERIA AND OTHER NEARBY COUNTRIES. EXPORTS IMPORTS ARE MAINLY INDUSTRIAL SUPPLIES, TRANSPORT EQUIPMENT AND GOODS MAIN IMPORT PARTNERS: CHINA (17%)
USA (9%)
INDIA (5%)
SOUTH KOREA (4.7%) 69.49 BILLION THE FULANI PEOPLE HAD CONTROL OVER NIGERIA IN THE 1800s BRITISH INFLUENCE AND CONTROL GREW THROUGH THE 19TH CENTURY AND NIGERIA WAS COLONIZED BY THE BRITISH NIGERIA BECAME INDEPENDENT FROM THE UNITED KINGDOM IN 1960 AFTERWARDS, CORRUPTION LED TO A CIVIL WAR THAT ENDED IN 1970 AND CAUSED THE DEATHS OF MILLIONS OF PEOPLE A NEW CONSTITUTION WAS CREATED THAT ENSURED DEMOCRACY WAS ADOPTED IN 1999 AFTER 16 YERAS OF MILITARY RULE NIGERIAN POLICE AUTHORITY STRUCTURE: INSPECTOR-GENERAL DEPUTY INSPECTOR-GENERAL ASSISTANT INSPECTOR-GENERAL COMMISSIONER DEPUTY COMMISSIONER ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER CHIEF SUPERINENDENT SUPERINTENDENT DEPUTY SUPERINTENDENT ASSISTANT SUPERINTENDENT INSPECTOR SERGEANT MAJOR SERGEANT CORPORAL CONSTABLE NIGERIAN POLICE FORCE THE IS UNDER OPERATIONAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL OF THE INSPECTOR-GENERAL APPOINTED BY THE PRESIDENT IT IS DIVIDED INTO SEVEN AREA COMMANDS CORRESPONDING TO EACH OF THE STATES OF NIGERIA. EACH COMMAND IS UNDER A COMMISSIONER OF POLICE AND FURTHUR DIVIDED INTO DIVISIONS UNDER LOCAL OFFICERS NIGERIAN SYSTEM JUDICIAL RESPONSIBLE FOR INTERPRETATION OF LAW WITH REGARDS TO THE CONSITITUTION OF THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA PRESSURE FROM THE LEGISLATIVE AND EXECUTIVE BRANCH INFLUENCE BY POLITICAL LEADERS IN STATE AND FEDERAL LEVELS SUFFERS FROM CORRUPTION AND INEFFICIENCY NIGERIA'S JUDICIARY IS SUBJECT TO: THE TRIALS ARE PUBLIC AND RESPECT THE PROTECTED INDIVIDUALS RIGHTS BUT - LOW COMPENSATION FOR JUDGES - UNDERSTAFFING - POOR EQUIPMENT - BRIBERY - SPECIAL SETTLEMENTS DECREASE RELIABILITY OF THE COURTS AND CORRUPTION DISCOVERY OF PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS HAS LED TO REPEATED CORRUPT PRACTICES IN THE COUNTRY CORRUPTION HAS CAUSED THE FORMER WEALTH OF NIGERIA TO WITHER THE CORRUPTION HAS BEEN BLAMED ON COLONIALISM THROUGHOUT THE COLONIAL PERIOD, MOST NIGERIANS WERE STUCK IN IGNORANCE AND POVERTY "WITH NO CHANCE OF AN ETHICAL REVOLUTION" INDUSTRIES FUN FACT! 45% ARE VERY HAPPY, 28% ARE QUITE HAPPY, AND 27% ARE NOT VERY OR NOT AT ALL HAPPY ACCORDING TO A SURVEY TAKEN IN 2005 MEASURING HAPPINESS OF PEOPLE IN NIGERIA "TAKING THINGS ALL TOGETHER"
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