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Colombia- Physical and Human Geography

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Gabriel Tan

on 20 June 2015

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Transcript of Colombia- Physical and Human Geography

Colombia- Physical and Human Geography
Human Geography
Here are some of the customs and facts about the culture of Colombia:
Physical Geography
Here are some of the physical features of Colombia.
Colombia Overview
Colombia´s name is derived from the explorer Cristopher Colombus, and its official one is the Republic of Colombia. The country has 69 languages being spoken- 65 Indigenous, 2 Creole with the addition of English and Spanish- but 99% of the population speak Spanish. It is the only country that has a coastline on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Colombia also shares a land border with five countries: Brazil, Peru, Panama, Venezuela and Ecuador. It has a population of approximately 48,000,000. Its capital, Bogota, is on the next slide.
A bit more...
Some more essential facts...
Bogota is the capital of Colombia. It is the second largest capital city in South America after Lima, the capital of Peru. However, at 2640m/8661ft above sea level, it is one of the highest capitals in the world. Its population comes up to approximately 8 million people.
The flag of Colombia, as shown above, has 3 different colours: yellow, blue and red, from top to bottom, respectively.Yellow signifies the gold found there, the blue- the seas on Colombia's shores and the red for the blood spilled during the fight for Colombia's independence.
Ethnic Groups
Roman Catholic: 90%

Other: 10%
(Classified by skin colour)
Mestizo: 58%
White: 20%
Mulatto: 14%
Black: 4%
Black/Amerindian: 3%
The Family is the centrepiece of Colombian culture. The older you are, the more respect people show you. This is so, because as an older person, you are supposed to be wiser. In a family, you would see that the oldest get served first, and the youngest, last. This once again demonstrates that respect rotates around age in Colombia. However, "with great power comes great responsibility"- (Spiderman quote), and so the older ones are destined to make decisions and lead the family.
Gift Giving
People in Colombia greet each other by shaking hands, and doing so in direct eye contact. They use the appropriate greeting for the time of day: "Buenos dias"- good morning, "Buenos tardes"- good afternoon and "Buenos noches" for good evening or good night. However, women often grasp forearms instead. If it is a meeting of mixed gender, the man should wait for the woman to extend her hand.
Once a friendship has been established, greetings become warmer and more touchy- men will hug one another and pat each other on the shoulder, known as an
. For women, they kiss once on the right cheek.
Gifts are given for birthdays, Christmas or the Epiphany (January 6th). In Colombia, a girl's 15th birthday is considered to be a very important milestone. When going to Colombian's home, you should bring at least one of the following: fruit, a potted plant or chocolates for the hostess. If giving flowers, send them in advance and DO NOT use lilies and marigolds as they are used in funerals- roses are preferable. If going to a girl's 15th birthday party, gold is the usual gift given.
Dining is an extremely important and formal part of Colombian customs. When visiting a Colombian abode, wait to be seated by the host. He will say "Buen provecho", which means enjoy/have a good meal. This is an invitation to start eating. After you start, your hands should be visible and your elbows not rested on the table. It is polite to try everything given. Everything is usually already cut for you to eat- even the fruit! Last of all, to be polite again, leave a bit of food on your plate and do not use a toothpick at the table.
Fast Facts
Total area: 1,138,910 sq km
Land: 1,038,700 sq km
Sea: 100,210 sq km
Mountains: 28
Volcanoes: 16, with one extinct
Colombia is one of the countries in which the Andes mountain range extends through.
The 5 Regions
Colombia's natural land is split up into 5 different regions:

1) The Pacific Ocean Coastal- (shared with Panama and Ecuador)
2) The Andes Mountain Range- (shared with Ecuador and Venezuela)
3) The Amazon Rainforest- (shared with Venezuela, Peru, Brazil and Ecuador)
4)The Caribbean Coastal- (shared with Venezuela and Panama)
5) The Llanos (plains)- (shared with Venezuela).
Thanks for listening!!!
I hope you learned something new...
Source: http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/colombia.html
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