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Jainism

By: Anne and Britney Early Religion and Fundamental Beliefs Student Seminar
by

Anne Saliba

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of Jainism

By: Anne and Britney Jainism The religion of Jainism was founded in the country of India in 550 BCE.
It was created as a form of protest against the overdeveloped rituals of Hinduism. Place or Origin/
Time frame Founder or Key Figure Fasting and other rituals Key Practice, rituals or ceremonies Siddhanta- 45 volumes
11 Angas --> Main Texts
--> Books of Conducts
--> Books of Critique
12 Upangas --> Secondary Limbs
--> Pass on teachings
Six Chedasutras --> detailed life histories
Four Mulasutras --> Provide a base of the earlier

Ten Prakirnaka sutras --> Independent or

Two Culikasutras --> Further enhances Religious Text Sacred Faith Days 4.5 million Jains
Most Jains live in India
influenced Indian culture
influenced the modern day Buddhism Impact/ Influence on the world/history/other religions etc. Several layers of the earth
Supreme Abode
Upper World
Middle World
Nether World
Nigoda
Universe Space
Space Beyond Universe Proper Conduct Is a truth or a teaching
Non injury is the highest religion
Avoid Karma
3 jewels: Right Belief
Right Knowledge
Right Conduct Dharma Karma Soul attached to a body
A flexible size
There are 8.4 million species of Jivas
2 main categories:Imobile and single sensed
Mobile and multisensed Key Belief no single founder

Mahavira is mistakenly called the “founder of Jainism”

24 Tirthankaras

Ordinary souls that are born as humans

Preach Jain philosophy

Mahivara is the last tirthankara of this
age. Ghati is destructive karma
Aghati is non-destructive karma
Good karma results in a higher spiritual state
Bad karma has negative spiritual and physical results
4 kinds of aghati: Happiness-determining (vedniya)
Body-determining (nam)
Status-determining (gotra)
Longevity-determining (ayushya)
For everything you do there will be a consequence . What do Jains believe in? A man named Sri Sahaj Muni Maharaj completed his record-breaking 365-day fast on May 1, 1998. FUN FACT! ********************** Jivas Expected to follow 5 principles of living:
Ahimsa --> Non Violence
Satya --> Speaking Truth
Asteya --> No stealing
Brahma-Charya --> Chastity
Aparigraha --> Non Possession Reincarnation Jiva goes to its next body instantly
May not be human or even animal
Next life determined by its karma Fasting do not eat the food they make.
do not physically touch people of the opposite sex.
wear simple white clothing and sometimes nothing at all. fast during special occasions

Jain women tend to fast more often than men

form of penance

purify the body and mind

self- sacrifice

should stop wanting to eat meaning of Angas 4 different types of fasting:
Complete fasting
Partial fasting
Vruti Sankshepa
Rasa Parityaga stages of monkhood miscellaneous subjects - A family asking for a blessing from two nuns who are fasting. Library in A Temple Pictures Of Religious Texts Websites:
http://www.patheos.com/Library/Jainism
http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/jainism/history/mahavira.shtml
http://symboldictionary.net/?page_id=1957

Pictures:
http://www.deccanchronicle.com/sites/default/files/imagecache/article_horizontal/article-images/dc_0.jpg.crop_display.jpg
http://files.probharat.com/india/maps/india-tourist-map.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bb/Mahavir.jpg/220px-Mahavir.jpg
http://www.neoclipart.com/uploads/posts/2010-11/1288609394_thinking.jpg
http://www.indianetzone.com/photos_gallery/36/PujaofJainTemple_24190.jpg
http://www.indianetzone.com/photos_gallery/53/Jain%20Festivals.jpg
http://www.herenow4u.net/uploads/pics/Jains_Online_03.jpg
http://jainsquare.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/680px-mahavratas.jpg
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_Jo7lJoQhtjw/SLxlP60pnfI/AAAAAAAAB2w/0wWDeJGQMDw/s400/Jain+Jina+_Gods_and_other_gods_pay_their_homage_to_the_Jina.jpg
http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3075/2809157958_ec67280f56.jpg
http://rlv.zcache.com/jainism_symbol_hand_and_wheel_reading_ahimsa_poster-rd6cb2d55e92e450ab5083f538debc18d_azcys_216.jpg
http://www.jainpushp.org/images/flag.gif
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-C3_j74PpuaU/Tbp3KJjaubI/AAAAAAAAAQk/-4AJ1RcC-wU/s1600/Jainism+Symbol.jpg
http://www.jsonagar.org/images/Jain_symbol_swastik.gif
http://symboldictionary.net/library/graphics/symbols/jainom.jpg
http://www.punediary.com/html/games_files/mahavir_fest.jpg
http://www.indianholiday.com/images/best-of-india/festivals/paryushana.jpg
http://0.tqn.com/d/goindia/1/0/X/V/-/-/devdeepavalism.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/42/Jain_meditation.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/c9/Kalpasutra.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/c/c9/Kalpasutra.jpg/175px-Kalpasutra.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9e/Textsshahpur.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/02/Kalpa_sutra-Jina%27s_mother_dreams_c1465.jpg
http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_rZbmcHsU3iI/TJpFk8uV5OI/AAAAAAAAAGw/u0XUMM-ry3M/s1600/karma_purple3.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/e/e1/Reincarnation2.jpg/220px-Reincarnation2.jpg
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-P2lBdWN6l2g/TVVqMfYs0nI/AAAAAAAAA0E/sMi3CNdaK1w/s1600/Reincarnation.jpg
http://www.heritagewatchinternational.org/images/stories/dharma%20logo.png
http://shamanrisinghealing.files.wordpress.com/2010/06/earth.jpg
http://farm5.static.flickr.com/4042/4600189646_0ebe702728_o.jpg
http://jainprakrut.com/image/18th%20Century%20%281856%20or%20earlier%29/jain%20anthology%20of%20devotional%20texts.jpg

Videos:
www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y7rtKn_LUdY&feature=related
www.youtube.com/watch?v=W2I-jnritTI Bibliography Rituals Performed by Nuns and Monks Performed by Many Jains carry small brooms
go on pilgrimages
meditate
visit temples to watch many sacred rituals
Some sacred rituals:
Puja
Samayik
Namokar Mantra One of the Jain Temples in Bombay Symbols/Images Jain Prayer (composition by Pt. Jugal Kishor Mukhtar Around November/December
Jains fast and observe total silence
Day for meditation Mauna Agyaras Occurs around March/April
Celebration of Mahavira's birth
Community worship,processions and spiritual activities Mahavira Jayanti Occurs in October/November
Jains go on pilgrimages to sacred Jain sites Kartak Purnima Occurs in October/November
Day after Diwali is the beginning of a new year
Night celebration
Holy hymns and meditation Diwali Occurs in August/September
Most important festival
Need to fast,spiritual preceptors read out a sacred scripture
9 days long Paryushana
Full transcript