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Social Influences on Health and Wellbeing
Transcript of Social Influences on Health and Wellbeing
Primary and Secondary Socialisation
There are 2 types of socialisation - primary and secondary. primary Socialisation is the first way babies learn to socialise and interact with people. Primary Socialisation is when you learn from parents or close family, such as your manners, behaviour and tolerance. sometimes the efffects of primary socialisation can be lost as we develop and learn things from Secondary Socialisation.
Secondary Socialisation is when you learn things about the world from your peers, friends, the media, celebrity culture and other agents such as religions and social workers. due to secondary socialisation, manners and behaviours may change from whay you learnt in primary socialisation. secondary socilaisation is basically the later way in which we learn how to interact with others.
Positive effects of primary socialisation
if the parents/family are positive, the chances of the child being positive are a lot higher. if the parents are tolerant and not racist towards anyone, then the chances are that the children will be tolerant and not racist towards anyone. this means that the children will be able to be a lot more friendly towards a wider range of people and therefore have more friends that will affect their development. Also, the children will learn the rights and wrongs of life, as well as manners and behaviour. even though these may change due to secondary socialisation, the things you learn from your parents in the primary socialisation will always stick as they are what you were taught first.
Negative effects of primary socialisation
if the parents/family are negative towards most things, then the chances are that the children will be negative. If the parents are racist and intolerant towards people or certain things, then the chances are that the children are going to be racist and intolerant as well. This means that the children will most probably have struggles with development as they will not have as much of a wider range of friends. However, these effects of primary socialisation may change over time if the person finds a new friendship group or becomes more mature as they get older. This could also be changed due to their secondary socialisation if they have friends or peers that are alotmore tolerant.
Positive effects of secondary socialisation
If the friendship group is particularly supportive and not a bad influence, e.g not racist or intolerant, then you are more likely going to learn their ways and be the same. Also, there will be role models like Demi Lovato and Beyonce who have an inspiring story and are not skinny but don't mind. They will be the positive role models who will give young girls self esteem and accept themselves for who they are. Another point is that if that child has had a negative experience in their primary socialisation, then they may be able to develop new skills and and be more positive about the way they act and are as a person.
Negative effects of secondary socialisation
If you have friends or peers that are negative towards certain things that your family were positive towards, then the chances are you will change your ways to be negative towards them as it is what you think will allow you to fit into that friendship group and be part of more things. Also, 'role models' such as Miley Cyrus and Justin Bieber are not good influences, as both have done drugs, got drunk and embarrassed themselves in the poublic eye. Young people will be fans of them as they both started off normaly but gradually got worse and now they have just gone down hill. This may encourage the younger people to be like them and therefore they will turn out the exact same way.