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The Guide to Civics

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by

J C

on 26 April 2014

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Transcript of The Guide to Civics

Guide to Civics
{ A Course Summary }
What is CIVICS
?
Civics is a political science branch that deals with civic affairs.
People need to know their rights and the basics of law to be able to meaningfully participate in politics.
Young people like you and me need to know how Canada's system of democracy works and learn to be critical thinkers.
Civics will help you understand public issues...
There are
3
major units:
Democracy and Government in Canada
Canadian Politics
and Laws, Rights and Freedoms
...as well as teach you about Canada's government, your Human Rights, and how to vote.
Here.
In the
1
st unit,
Democracy and Government
in Canada,
you will learn about Canada's system of
Indirect (Representative) Democracy
.
Canada is divided into
308
ridings.
Representative democracy

is a form of democracy in which citizens elect a representative from a list of candidates on a ballot.
A single member voting system is used in which

each riding elects one representative
.
{A
riding
is an electoral district. Its boundaries are based on the population of an area.}
Canada is divided into
308
ridings.
You are over...
It is
important
to know about Canada's government in order to appreciate and participate in the duties and responsibilities of citizenship.
{ Problems are better solved when you know what you're dealing with, right? }
This unit also includes other topics, such as:
The Public Sector
Federalism
The Senate
and How to Pass a Law.
In the
2
nd unit,
Canadian Politics
,
In the
3
rd and final unit:
Laws, Rights and Freedoms
,
You will learn about the
Political

Spectrum
.
This is the

left-wing/

right-wing

view of the Canada's
Political Spectrum
:
Left Wing
Center
Right Wing
The Conservative Party of Canada
The Liberal Party of Canada
The New Democratic Party of Canada
The Green Party of Canada
The Bloc Quebecois
Other topics include:
Political parties and what they stand for
The different forms of government
Elections and Referendums
... and the Quebec Separatist Movement
It is important to know about Politics because

it is the

art
and
science of government
.
With knowledge gained from Civics,
you will know how Canadian politics works,
...
and be able to decide
and act on issues that affect you and your community, including choosing which candidate best represents your interests.
You will learn about
Legal Trials
and
Procedures
.
Although every criminal case is unique, most follow a similar sequence of procedures.
An alleged crime takes place.
Police prepare
and
swear in information
.
Police obtain a
search warrant
.
An

arrest
is made.
The
accused
is
brought before court
.
The Pre-Trial
A
bail hearing
is held, and the accused makes an
appearance before a provincial court judge
.
The
Crown reveals the evidence
it plans to introduce during the trial.
A
preliminary hearing
is held to see if there is enough evidence to proceed with a trial.
The Crown and the defendant may
plea bargain
.
The Trial
A jury is selected

by a court official.

The accused is arraigned and enters a plea of guilty or not guilty.

The
Crown presents its case following rules of evidence
.
The
Defense presents its case
.
Closing statements
are made
and both the Crown and the Defense make final summations to the jury
.
The Verdict
The
judge instructs the jury
in points of law and summarizes the facts of the case.
The jury
deliberates on the verdict
.
The
verdict
is announced.
The accused is sentenced or acquitted.
The Crown and the Defense may or may not appeal.
Other topics
covered in the unit are:
Human Rights
Civil Law
The Youth Criminal Justice Act
...and a film study of "
Prom Queen
"
Knowledge about
the Law
and
human rights
and
freedoms
builds mutual respect.

Understanding and acting upon those rights is a responsibility and obligation of all citizens in a society.
Knowing the law will help you to govern yourself accordingly and live peacefully with others.
Full transcript