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Understanding Fundamental Movement Skills

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Katie Roettele

on 9 February 2015

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Transcript of Understanding Fundamental Movement Skills

Understanding Fundamental Movement Skills
Categories of Fundamental Skills
Three Stages of Movement
Initial Stage
Elementary Stage
Mature Stage
Created by: Jessica Preuschoff
Katie Roettele
MSOT Students 2014

Movement patterns of most two year olds
First goal oriented attempts
Possible errors in sequencing of movement
Restricted or exaggerated use of the body
Poor rhythmical flow
What are fundamental movement skills?
Specific gross motor movements
Children must be taught fundamental movement skills
Necessary to develop more advanced skills (e.g. swimming, basketball defense, soccer dodge, volleyball bump)
Typically 3 to 4 years old
Better control
Better sequencing and rhythm
Still some restriction/exaggeration
Some children may remain at this stage
All other stages have been met
Axial movements
Examples: Bending or twisting, pushing and pulling

Moving the Body from Point A to Point B
Examples: Walking, running, hopping ,jumping
Control of object using body parts
Examples: Throwing, Striking, Kicking
Taking a look at specific gross motor movements...
Initial Stage
Wide base of support
Flat foot contact with toes pointed outwards
Arms held rigidly with little or no movement in high guard position

Elementary Stage
Narrower base of support
Heel strike becomes apparent

Mature Stage
Significantly narrowed base
Heel-toe foot contact
Increased step and strike length
Initial Stage
Flat footed contact
Minimal flight period
Wide base of support
Arms move to the sides and held in either middle or high guard position

Elementary Stage
Flight period is increased
Horizontal arm swing is increased

Mature Stage
Narrowed base of support
Length of running stride is increased
Arms are bent at the elbow
Slight forward lean of the trunk
Standing Long Jump
Initial Stage
Minimal extension of hip and knee
Legs are positioned asymmetrical during flight
Minimal and ineffective arm swing

Elementary Stage
Crouch becomes deeper and more consistent
Forward swing of arms
Total body extension at takeoff
Mature Stage
Deep preparatory crouch with flexion of the hips, knees, and ankles
Arms vigorously swing forward and upwards
Vertical Jumping
Initial Stage
Legs not fully extended at take off
Sideways elevation of shoulders and arms
Form is variable and unpredictable
Elementary Stage
Two foot take off takes place
Arms are used to aid in flight and balance but often unequally
Mature Stage
Deep preparatory crouch
One hand continues up while the other comes down resulting in an effective tipping of the shoulder girdle
Initial Stage
Elementary Stage
Mature Stage
Overarm Throw
Initial Stage
Elementary Stage
Mature Stage
Place Kicking
Sidearm Striking
Initial Stage
Elementary Stage
Mature Stage
Initial Stage
Elementary Stage
Mature Stage
Little forward movement or elevation
Arms held in high guard position and to the sides for balance
Flat footed landing

Increased forward movement and elevation
Arms begin to be used for thrust rather than for balance
Arm opposite to the swing leg moves upward
Swing leg moves upward and forward
Other arm moves in direction opposite to the swing leg
Throw tends to result from arm action alone
No step taking
Throw is completed following elbow extension
Forearm extends before the ball is released
Ipsilateral step is taken during the throw
Arm is swung high forward and over the shoulder
Sideward and backward swing of the arm brings the ball to a position behind the head with the elbow flexed
Throwing arm swings back in a circular downward direction
Elbow of throwing arm is flexed at 90 degrees
Arm follows through across the body after the ball is released
Pushing of the ball with the foot
Minimal backswing and follow through
No step forward with the non-kicking leg
Arms are held out to the sides for balance
Range of motion of kicking leg increases
One or more steps taken before approaching ball
Minimal follow through
Increased arm opposition
One or more steps before approaching ball
Appropriate hyperextension of the hip and flexion of knee
Arms in opposition of legs
Sufficient forward momentum

Immature swing (vertical chopping motion)
Minimal involvement of trunk and legs
Arms held rigidly
Weight transferred from rear to front foot
Swing changes to horizontal plane
Increased force
Trunk is turned to side and rotating before ball contact
Weight shifts to forward foot
Arms are relaxed
Bringing It All Together...
Post Quiz
Pre Test

Haibach, P.S., Reid, G. & Collier, D.H. (2011). Motor learning and development. Champaign, IL:Human Kinetics.

Hughes, A. (2006). Fundamental movement skills [Powerpoint slides]. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/Aledhughes/fundamental-movement-skills
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