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Foucault : The Means of correct Training
Transcript of Foucault : The Means of correct Training
The 3 means to correct Training Akeiko Rawn
Qais Slimani The Examination "The soul is the effect and instrument of a political anatomy;The soul is the prison of the body" ???
What is it?
Who has it?
How is it used?
How does it work? Paul-Michel Foucault
15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984 French philosopher
Son of a Surgeon
He wanted to give voice to the "outsiders" Panopticon Old:Prison: revenge/punishment
New:Training through disciplinary power Prison=metaphor for society Arc-et-senans What are examples of modern day observatories? *Change in power
pg 192 last paragraph
"The disciplines mark the moment when the reversal of the political axis of individualization ...takes place"
*power and priviledge is marked with 'ascending' individualzation n a feudal regime in contrast to a disciplinary regime where upon by the process of individualization one 'descends'.
pg.193(9 senences from the bottom)
"...that moment when the sciences of man became possible is the moment when a new technology of power and a new political anatomy of the body were implemented." Questions?
Thoughts? Thank-you! Eyes that must see ..without being seen? A Brief history *Delusional humanist view=reform/rehab
*Multiplicity of individuals
*Individuals become both objects and instruments *Hierarchical Observation
*The examination *Coerces by means of observation
*Strict discipline & training = docile bodies/moulds
*Multiplicity of the individual
stronger yet more discreet
power by means of general visibility
"embedding" The first mean/tool of correct Training Hierarchized
pg. 172 1st paragraph
""...an architecture that would operate to transform individuals: to act on those it shelters, to provide a hold on their conduct, to carry the effects of power right to them, to alter them. Stones can make people docile and knowable" *calculated therapeutic operator *mechanism for training *apparatus for observation pg.173(2) "This infinitely scrupulous concern ...observations recording and training." *Single gaze to see everything
-pyramid/Panopticon Summary pg.174 3 line from the bottom.
" A Specialized personnel became indespensable, constantly present and distinct from the workers. example:schools, hospitals /shelter Summary: pg. 176" Hierarchized....both absolutely indiscreet Disciplinary Punishment Different than penal system
rules that go beyond formalized law
"What is specific to disciplinary punishment is non-observance, that which does not measure up to the rule, that departs from it" (Pg. 178) Disciplinary Punishment - Cont. Mixed Nature of Disciplinary Punishments
Corrective Gratification and Reward Combination of reward and punishment
Question: What are some examples of reward that are found in schools?
Video - "The Positive Teacher - Rewards" Results of a Double System Establishment of a scale
Creation of an "Arithmetic Economy"
Good behaviour can result in penances
Example: Indulgences in Catholic Church Results of Double System - Cont. Ranks or Grades
Hierarchizing Penalty The normalising gaze the examination is a combination of normalising judgment and hierarhical observaion Historical changes within institutions created the apparatus for examination and the linking of power with knowledge Examination transformed he economy of visibility into the exercise of power Examination also introduces individuality into the field of documentation Examination surrounded by all it's documentary tehniques makes each individual a case A reversal of the political axis of individualisation