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Airports & Snow-How Winter 2012/2013 Prezi


Robert O M

on 25 February 2013

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Transcript of Airports & Snow-How Winter 2012/2013 Prezi

EXTREME WINTER WEATHER 2013 London Heathrow Amsterdam-Schiphol Worst day - 21 January Charles de Gaulle
& Orly Airports Information Video During this past winter season,
at least
remained open during winter disruptions. KLM pre-cancelled 70 departures due to the ripple effect of extreme weather in various locations in its route network. And better results Munich Airport Frankfurt Airport Annual Traffic CDG: 61.6 million passengers
Annual Traffic ORY: 27.2 million passengers
Number of Runways: 4 @ CDG / 2 @ ORY
Biggest Airline Customer: AirFrance KLM Since November... the airport has seen 44 cms of snow 48 Following substantial investments by Europe's airports in better preparation for severe winter conditions, here is a brief snapshot of how some of Europe's busiest hub airports responded to the extreme winter weather in January. Operated by An unprecedented information campaign... Educating passengers on how and why decisions are made during extreme winter weather... Regular, Detailed Updates on the Situation... Operated by Operated by In the past 2 years, Fraport has made substantial investments to improve winter resilience... 20 & 21 January During a difficult weekend for nearly all modes of transport as heavy snowfall hit much of mainland Europe, on this day Frankfurt Airport faced exceptionally difficult operating conditions. This was to due to freezing rain which fell from noon until evening on 20 January followed by snow, the following day. Annual Traffic: 70 million passengers
Number of Runways: 2
Biggest Airline Customer: British Airways Annual Traffic: 51 million passengers
Number of Runways: 6
Biggest Airline Customer: Air France KLM Annual Traffic: 57.5 million passengers
Number of Runways: 4
Biggest Airline Customer: Lufthansa Operated by Annual Traffic: 38.3 million passengers
Number of Runways: 2
Biggest Airline Customer: Lufthansa For example, if an airport has no spare capacity, then there is no room for manoeuvre when severe weather disrupts the schedule. Recovery of normal service will likely take longer to achieve as well.

Another example is aircraft de-icing - at the majority of airports, this is mainly provided by airline contractors (ground handlers) over which the airport has no control.

All airports are answerable to their National Civil Aviation Authority - who sometimes order that flight services are reduced, during occurrences of extreme weather. FREEZING RAIN is very disruptive. It sticks to surfaces and vehicles, yet is less visible and less predictable than snow. De-icing an aircraft, or cleaning a runway can become a futile exercise in circumstances likes these. This makes it very difficult to overcome. Safety protocol requires that its impact is taken very seriously. WHITHER THE
WEATHER? "Everyone talks about the weather,
but nobody does anything about it." Each year, airports prepare their 'snow plans' in advance of the winter season and these plans are agreed with their airline customers.

The airport is only one part of the air transport supply chain. During severe weather or crisis situations, the response & capabilities of the main airline customer of the airport is also crucial.

Runways, taxi-ways and parking stands may be ready for aircraft, but nothing will change for the passenger, if the airline is unable to deploy an aircraft for the flight. FOG can be highly disruptive because there is absolutely nothing that can be done about it. It cannot be moved by machines.

During landing & take-off operations, good visibility is key. Airports work closely with air traffic management and airlines to deal with situations of poor visibility, but there are certain circumstances where it cannot be overcome. SNOW is very disruptive, particularly during heavy snowfall. Clearing a runway of snow can take between 30 & 45 minutes. Under normal operating conditions, the average busy airport hosts around 35 take-offs & landings in that time, so naturally clearing the runway of snow disrupts normal service.

Visibility can also be severely reduced. Snow is actually easier to manage when it is in a stable condition - the closer it gets to melting, the harder it can be to deal with, especially if the melting is followed by frost soon after. Extreme weather takes many forms. SNOW FOG FREEZING RAIN Mark Twain In the past 2 years, Europe's busiest hub airports have.
See for yourself.... click here! copyright FMG 2013 The winter teams have worked
42 deployment days = 72,900 man hrs 17 January - worst day Persistent snowfall meant that the runways needed to be cleared 16 times that day, but 70% of flights still operated. The airport provided energetic support, including frequent updates on the airport's in-terminal information systems and over 1000 camp beds & blankets for passengers, along with free food & beverages. The public were kept informed with ongoing updates on weather-related delays in air traffic via internet, videotext, social media and live media (in particular radio stations). Since November,special notices have been posted on the airport's website on 16 occasions as well as announcements on Twitter and Facebook.

+20 Television Reports
+50 Radio Interviews Advice & Updates to off-site Passengers Total Cost of winter services
to date: copyright FMG 2013 €8 million the airport provided information, regular updates via traditional & social media and assistance to on-site passengers anxious to re-book their flights. 2 runways Helping Passengers Operated by Since 2010, Aéroports de Paris has made significant investments in equipment, additional de-icing capabilities, improved internal processes & more winter personnel. Praise from Airline Partners &
the French Civil Aviation Authority 450 personnel
assisting passengers runway clearings
over 4 days
= 675 kms! Over 500 tonnes of salt dispensed in 4 days
= more than 2800 km in local roads & paths From 18 to 22 January, both airports saw heavy snowfall, averaging 20 cms. and lots of updates on the airport
& transport links to the airport
using old & new
media communication! THANK YOU! For more information on any aspect of the European airport industry, visit www.aci-europe.org Fraport's winter team's persistent efforts & its regular updates on the situation were appreciated & praised by passengers Improved processes helped them get back to normal operations faster... ...and affects all exterior modes of transport. Each airport is organised differently. It deals with different meteorological circumstances, operational capabilities and flexibility. Frankfurt Airport was not alone in being affected by this. Local transport ground to a halt. Trains, trams & buses in various parts of Germany could not operate and motorway traffic was paralysed during the snow that weekend as well. The Air Transport Supply Chain (November 2012 to end January) Air travel is subject to some of the most demanding safety standards of any mode of transport.
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