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Transcript of Ofrendas
They are usually placed inside the homes of people who believe in Dia de los Muertos.
Ofrendas are put together to remember deceased family members of people who believe in Day of the Dead in Central and Southern Mexico.
The types of offerings families have may vary depending on how much money a family makes or what customs they prefer.
When the children arrive November 1st, their families welcomes them with food, candies, and toys.
The offerings the children receive are small, such as tiny chocolates.
When the adults come the next day, November 2nd, they receive traditional fruits, candles, and mole for example.
Their families also give the deceased pictures, magazines, and folk art skeletons.
Before starting to set up the ofrendas, they have to clean their house from top to bottom because they want their house clean for their loved ones.
Ofrendas are necessary parts of Dia de los Muertos.
The word ofrenda means offering.
Each ofrenda is put on a table that is covered with a tablecloth that is usually white.
After the families put the tablecloth over the table, they then put the papel picado, or cut tissue paper, over the tablecloth.
The offerings that are presented to people depend also on what the people who have passed liked while living.
Even though there are many different offerings to discuss, we are only going to go in depth with a few.
The ones we are going to focus on are what people put on the altars and why they do so, flowers, candles and incense.
Just like how we honor our dead with flowers on gravestones, people who celebrate Dia de los Muertos honor their dead with flowers on altars.
The most common flores used are marigolds. These flores are commonly known as the “flower of the dead” because they are a symbol of death.
They have a very strong scent that is believed to help lead the dead back to their graves.
In Spanish they’re known as cemazuchitl, cempasuchil, or zempasuchitl.
Many times the petals of marigolds are placed in a path leading from outside to the altar to guide the spirits in from the outside.
Some offerings are candles, marigolds, incense, salt, photos of the deceased,pan de muerto, papel picado, sugar skulls, toiletries, and pictures of saints.
and white for hope.
Traditional foods are mole, tamales, fresh fruits, sugar skulls, cookies, pan de muertos, and special dishes that the deceased enjoyed.
Flowers or flores are usually marigolds or compasuchit because they are the Mexican "flower of the dead".
Incense is used to remove any negative energy on bad spirits and allow the deceased to enter in and find the altar. Incense are held in incense holders.
The salt or sal represents life continuing even after death.
Photos of the deceased are usually place in the center of the altar.
Toiletries or artículos de tocador are used for the deceased to freshen up when they get to the altar. Some examples are a tooth brush, floss, or a mirror.
Pictures of saints or important people who were special in the deceases life are placed on the altar as well.
Papel picado or cut tissue paper are put around the altar or hung on top of the altar.
Pan de muerto or "bread of dead" represents the departed.
Sugar skulls or calaveras de azúcar represent death and the life after death. They are given as gifts to those who have passed and also as offerings.
Take a good look at this picture. What do you see? What do you think they mean? Think about this for a few seconds.
Hey! Let's go back to the altar!
Back already? Did you learn a lot? Let's find out!
Candles are lit and placed on the altar to help guide the spirits to their loved ones.
Candles have different colors for different meanings.
Candles are usually placed around a picture of the deceased and of their patron saint.
If a candle accidentally blows out, it's believed that the spirits have left.
People who celebrate day of the dead normally light the candles during the night.
The spanish word for candles is velas.
The spanish word for incense is incienso.
The smell guides the deceased back to their family members.
Most people use copal incense, which is dried aromatic resin from a tree native to Mexico.
Made by: Morgan McGillian, Maria Piccone, Angelica Rooks, Jackie Mason, Avery Manison
Candles are usually pink for pain,
purple for celebration,
People sometimes decorate candles.
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