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Creative Writing: Literary Devices & Figurative Language

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Kathryn Beary

on 24 October 2013

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Transcript of Creative Writing: Literary Devices & Figurative Language

Creative Writing
Literary Devices & Figurative Language
Apostrophe: a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and was able to reply
Dialogue: conversation between two or more characters in a literary work
Parallel structure: using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance
Protagonist: the main or central character or hero (Harry Potter)

Antagonist: opponent or enemy of the protagonist (Dark Lord Voldemort)
Foil Character: a character(s) who helps readers better understand another character, usually the protagonist.

For example in the Harry Potter series, Hermione and Ron are Harry's friends, but they also help readers better understand the protagonist, Harry. Ron and Hermione represent personalities that in many ways are opposites - Ron is a bit lazy and insecure; Hermione is driven and confident. Harry exists in the middle, thus illustrating his inner conflict and immaturity at the beginning of the book series.
Visual pattern: The artistic arrangement and use of the visual aspects of words into particular repetitive and/or serial forms as a means to create structure in a poem
metaphor: comparison between two unlike things

simile: comparison between two unlike things using like, as or than
personification: a non-human thing is endowed (given) with human characteristics
litotes [lie-ta-tees OR lie-toe-dees]: a double negative is used for poetic effect (example: not unlike; not displeased; not half bad)
irony: a difference between the surface meaning of the words and the implications that may be drawn from them
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words

repetition of vowel sounds within words

epetition of consonant sounds within words [same consonant sounds preceded by different vowel sounds]
imagery: descriptive words that trigger the senses
onomatopoeia: a word that imitates a sound [zip, buzz, honk]
hyperbole: extreme exaggeration
Ellipsis . . .

the omission from speech or writing of a word or words that suggests obvious meanings/words/feelings

a reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature.
the running-over of a sentence or phrase from one poetic line to the next
a metrical line ending at a grammatical boundary or break—such as a dash or closing parenthesis—or with punctuation such as a colon, a semicolon, or a period.
repetition of an identical or similarly accented sound or sounds in a work:
cat & bat; pitter & bitter; case & base
caesura: a stop or pause in a metrical line, often marked by punctuation or by a grammatical boundary

tone: suggests an attitude toward the subject which is communicated through the author's word choice
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