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Transcript of Alexander Calder
In 1927, he returned to the United States. He designed several kinetic wooden push and pull toys for children, which were mass-produced by the Gould Manufacturing Company, in Oshkosh, Wisconsin.
Alexander "Sandy" Calder
July 22, 1898 - 1976
"I think best in wire," Alexander Calder
- Alexander Calder came from a family of artists.
-His father, Stirling was a well-known sculptor and his mother, Nanette, was a professional portrait artist.
-As a child he was very talented and was given a workshop to build and create. He creates a dog and duck out of metal at the age of 11.
Worked as a Mechanical Engineer for
several years until he becomes an artist.
Famous sculptor of the 20th century.
He revolutionized sculpture and invents the mobile.
Early Life as an Artist
In 1926 Calder moves to Paris and creates: Calder's Circus.
All pieces were made from found objects.
He used such materials as: wire, wood, cloth, corks, buttons, bottle caps just to name a few.
Moves to New York to study and become artist
Attends Art Students' League
Illustrator for Newspaper in New York, one of his projects is to sketch the circus.
He becomes fascinated with the circus theme.
Calder is best recognized as the inventor of the mobile.
- A moving sculpture that is capable of responding to air movements.
A mobile is a type of kinetic art
Three dimensional sculptures or figures, like mobiles, that move naturally or are machine operated. The moving parts are generally powered by wind, a motor or the observer.
He makes the mobiles by attaching brightly painted metal shapes to wire, using trial and error to balance each one.
Calder's engineering background came in handy as he found the perfect point of balance, making adjustments for the greatest range of motion.
He would cut organic, yet abstract shapes that looked like falling leaves, petals, birds. He would also cut geometric shapes of circles and trianglular shapes.
When Calder's mobiles move with the breeze, they change shape and cast interesting shadows.
Later in life, he makes these mobiles larger than life.
Monumental Sculpture -Very large sculpture, that is also a monument. Placed in museums or enjoyed outside.
He makes small scale models to design his larger work.
Untitled, 1976, Aluminum and steel, gross weight: 920 lb.
HOW THEY ARE MADE
a freestanding abstract sculpture or structure, typically of wire or sheet metal, in the style of a mobile but rigid and stationary.
Create a stabile- standing mobile
Using wire and paper
Start thinking about what kind of abstract shapes you will use.
Cascading Flowers, 1949
Small Feathers, 1931
Grand Crinkly, 1971
Cheval Rouge, or Red Horse, 1974
Abstract: style of art that does not represent its subject matter in a realistic way. It emphasizes the elements of art—line, color, shape, texture, and form—to express its subject.