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Populism VS Demagoguery

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by

Amanda Koen

on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of Populism VS Demagoguery

Definitions:
Demagogue:
Someone who pretends to be a populist when in reality he is for the Elite, not the people. A demagogue leads by fear-mongering and plays peoples emotions off one another to gain power and influence.
Theodore Roosevelt
"I am in this cause with my whole heart and soul. I believe that the Progressive movement is making life a little easier for all our people; a movement to try to take the burdens off the men and especially the women and children of this country. I am absorbed in the success of that movement."

"Friends, I ask you now this evening to accept what I am saying as absolutely true, when I tell you I am not thinking of my own success. I am not thinking of my life or of anything connected with me personally. I am thinking of the movement."
Woodrow Wilson
In 1912 Woodrow Wilson, the Democratic candidate for president, promised fairness and justice for blacks if elected.
In a letter to a black church official, Wilson wrote, "Should I become President of the United States they may count upon me for absolute fair dealing for everything by which I could assist in advancing their interests of the race."
But after the election, Wilson changed his tune. He dismissed 15 out of 17 black supervisors who had been previously appointed to federal jobs
"There are no government positions for Negroes in the South. A Negro's place in the corn field."

Populism VS Demagoguery
Amanda Koen
Populist:
Someone who leads with ideas that appeal to the
interests
and
conceptions
(such as hopes) of the general people, especially contrasting those interests with the interests of the elite.
Presidential Style
Usually agreed on questions of policy, but very different personalities
Roosevelt was a war hero and big game hunter who was once shot during a speech and kept going anyway
Roosevelt was famous for his bravado
Wilson's style was reserved and scholarly
Life magazine pictured the former professor looking thoughtful with an owl, the symbol of learning, perched in the background.
The difference in personality influenced their leadership styles. While Roosevelt led the charge into the Spanish-American War, Wilson, by contrast, was dragged unwillingly into World War I.
Address at Milwaukee, Wis., October, 14, 1912
Known as "trust buster" by forcing the great railroad combination in the Northwest to break apart.
Roosevelt saw himself a representative of all the people, including farmers, laborers, white collar workers, and businessmen so he focused on bringing big business under stronger regulation so that he could effectively serve all the people he represented.
He sought to regulate, rather than dissolve, most trusts.
Worked to reduce the control of "big business" over the U.S. economy and workers.
Roosevelt steered the United States more actively into world politics. He was aware of the need for a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans as a means of connecting the world. As a result, in 1903, construction of the Panama Canal began.
Known as "Father of Conservation"
"Friends, I will disown and repudiate any man of my party who attacks with such foul slander and abuse any opponent of any other party"

"I have had a good many experiences in my time and this is one of them. What I care for is my country. I wish I were able to impress upon my people -- our people, the duty to feel strongly but to speak the truth of their opponents. I say now, I have never said one word one the stump against any opponent that I cannot defend. I have said nothing that I could not substantiate and nothing that I ought not to have said -- nothing that I -- nothing that, looking back at, I would not say again."

"I have prepared my speech because Mr. Wilson had seen fit to attack me by showing up his record in comparison with mine. But I am not going to do that to-night. I am going to simply speak of what I myself have done and what I think ought to be done in this country of ours."
He was opposed to female suffrage
He dishonestly led us into war
He seized railroads, food and energy production, and implemented price controls.
He suppressed and imprisoned war critics. Said Wilson, “Conformity will be the only virtue. And every man who refuses to conform will have to pay the penalty.”
He signed the Espionage and Sedition Acts, the latter of which made it a criminal offense to “oppose the cause of the United States.”
He retaliated against critical newspapers, and directed the U.S. Postal Service to stop delivering mail determined to be critical of the war effort.
He instituted the first military draft since the Civil War.
He reinstituted the federal income tax.
Wilson believed God ordained him to be president, and acted accordingly, boasting to one friend in 1913 that “I have been smashing precedents almost daily ever since I got here.”
Full transcript