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Wolfe Tone and the United Irishmen

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Ms. Mc Caffrey

on 6 March 2018

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Transcript of Wolfe Tone and the United Irishmen

Who was Theobald Wolfe Tone?
Wolfe Tone and the United Irishmen
Tone and the Catholics
Tone worked to improve the law for Catholics.
The Influence of the War
The beginning of the war between Britain and France in 1793 changed everything.
Now there was a real fear of French invasion.
The British government believed that the United Irishmen were planning such an invasion.
The Influence of the War
The government stopped any further reforms and also brought in a policy of repression.
Tone Seeks French Help
Tone travelled from America to France in 1796.
He now worked to get French help for a revolution in Ireland.
He persuaded the French government that if the French invaded Ireland, Catholics and Presbyterians would rise up in support of them.
Learning Intention
Examine the role of Wolfe Tone and the United Irishmen in the 1798 Rising.
RECAP
Wolfe Tone was born in Dublin into a middle class Anglican family.
He was trained as a lawyer in Trinity College Dublin and in London but he was more interested in politics.
Tone admired the ideas of the French Revolution.
He argued that no reform in Ireland was practical unless it included voting rights for Catholics.
The Founding of the United Irishmen
The principles of the French Revolution were very popular among Belfast Presbyterians.
A group of them invited Wolfe Tone to a meeting in Belfast on 18 October 1791, and at this meeting the Society of United Irishmen was formed.
The main beliefs of the United Irishmen were
They wanted to unite all religions and reform the Irish parliament.
They wanted to reduce English power in Ireland.
They did not favour rebellion or a republic.
The United Irishmen spread to Dublin, but its membership was mostly middle class.
He was a member of a delegation that went to London to present a petition of Catholic grievances to the King of England.
At the time, relations between France and Britain were getting worse. The government feared that France might help discontented groups in Ireland, so they got rid of most of the penal laws except,
Catholics could not become members of parliament (MPs)
Catholics were still barred from high positions of power
Many Catholic leaders were satisfied with this, but Tone was very disappointed.
The arrest of a French spy added to the government's fears. The spy was William Jackson, an Irish born clergyman. He met with Tone, who agreed to write a report on conditions in Ireland. Jackson was caught with the report and executed. Tone was lucky he was allowed to go to America.
In December 1796, the French governement sent one of its most able commanders, General Hoche, with a fleet of forty-three ships and 15,000 soldiers, to invade Ireland.
Wolfe Tone was on board one of the ships.
The fleet separated due to bad weather. Tone was among 6,000 to 7,000 soldiers who arrived in Bantry Bay, but General Hoche's ship was blown off course.
The remaining commanders decided to rturn to France rather than invade.
Tone was very disappointed at the failure of the expedition.
Full transcript