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The Specials and the English Beat

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jade molina

on 12 November 2014

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Transcript of The Specials and the English Beat

The Specials and the English Beat:

Second Album:
More Specials
released second album,
More Specials,
in 1980
-it was not as successful as their first album and ep
-featured the hit #1 single "Ghost Town"
-the band quit touring and was barely speaking to each other by the time they recorded this album
-Terry Hall, Lynval Golding, and Roddy Byers all left the band due to differences, alcohol and drug abuse, and escalating violence from the audience
-Horace Panters left one year later
In The Studio-
Final Album
First Album:
The Specials
The Specials: Background
-formed in Coventry, England in 1977
-originally called the Country Automatics
-members: Jerry Dammers (keyboards), Horace Panters (bassist), Lynval Golding (rhythm guitarist), Terry Hall (lead singer), John Bradbury (drummer), Neville Staple (vocals), and Roddy Byers (lead guitarist)
-all members were on the punk scene and played in other bands before the Specials
-formed the band, which was multiracial, to promote racial integration
-Joe Strummer of The Clash invited them to open for them on tour, giving them exposure
Our Opinions
Ska Punk and Two-Tone
-Dammers formed Two Tones Record Label (referring to the multiracial band)
-recorded debut album in 1979, produced by Elvis Costello
-featured the song "Gangsters", a re-working of Prince Buster's song, "Al Capone"
-the band released an EP, The Special AKA Live!, in 1980, featuring the controversial #1 hit, "Too Much Too Young"
-after four members left, Dammers and Bradbury continued recording The Specials AKA with a new line-up
- Rhoda Dakar (vocals), John Shipley (guitarist), Dick Cuthell (brass), and Nicky Summers (bass)
-the album was less successful than all previous efforts
-featured the song "Free Nelson Mandela" which was mildly successful in UK
After The Specials
-after struggling through the third album, Dammers and Bradbury dissolved the band
-Dammers pursued political activism after
-he created Artists Against Apartheid, a group against racial integration in South Africa
-the original band members continue to play today, without Dammers
Influences and Impacts
-the band was political and anti-racism messages were frequent in their lyrics
(joined Rock Against Racism)
-they also wrote about Britain's unstable government and unemployment rates after the war
-they sparked anger from racist Neo- Nazi's, skinheads and groups such as the National Front
- their music was a mixture of punk rock and Jamaican reggae (hence the name "Two-Tone")
-created Two-Tone, a new punk genre
-influenced ska-punk bands such as No Doubt, Sublime, Reel Big Fish, and more

Important Songs
Ghost Town: Middle-Eastern sounds, Jamaican influences, regularly repeated beat, slow tempo, minor tone, vocal harmonies, flugelhorn, flute and trombone unique sounds such as wailing, an instrumental break and a horn solo

Free Nelson Mandela: vocal harmonies, new instruments such as the penny whistle, saxophone, trumpet, and organ, texture, instrumental intro, major tone, upbeat tempo, repeated chorus, texture, vocal range, instrumental break, horn solo, dynamics, increase in tempo towards the end, fades out
The English Beat: Background
-Formed in Working class, industrial Birmingham, England in 1978.
- Originally called The Beat, but to avoid confusion with Paul Collin's band with the same name, they where known as The English Beat in America and The British Beat in Australia.
-Original Members: Dave Wakeling (Vocals, Guitar); Andy Cox (Guitar); David Steele (Bass); Everett Moreton (Drums)
-Added Members: Ranking Roger (Vocals,Punk Toaster/Rapper); Saxa (Saxophonist)
- The English Beat formed during a time of high unemployment and of social, political, and musical upheaval
- Made music to represent messages of love and
Top Hits: US and UK
-Multiple top hits on both US and UK Charts
- First Album:
I Just Can't Stop It
1979 "Tears of a Clown" (Cover of Smokey Robinson and the Miracles) : Top 10 on UK chart, at 6
1980 "Mirror in the Bathroom" : 4 on UK charts & 22 on US
1980 "Hands off...She's Mine" : 9 on UK charts & 22 on US
- Non-Album Song:
1980 "TooNice To Talk To" : 7 on UK charts
1983 "Can't Get Used To Losing You" : 3 on UK charts
The English Beat Separate:
- The English Beat's second and third album were not as popular as their first and they decided to separate after their third album "Special Beat Service"
- Dave Wakeling and Ranking Roger formed General Public
- Andy Cox and David Steele placed an add for a singer on MTv and Roland Gift joined their band Fine Young Cannibals
- Saxa and Everett Moreton put together a band called International Beat
- Due to popular request in Febuary 2003, the band reunited for a UK tour
- Dave Wakeling, with a new line up, continues to tour the world as The English Beat
- The current line up includes: Dave Wakeling (Lead Vocals/Guitar); Rhythmm Epkins (Drums/Vocals); Antonee First Class (Toaster); Matt Morrish (Sax/Vocals); Kevin Lum (Keys/Vocals); Larry Young (Bass/Vocals)
- The English Beat were a 2-Tone Ska revival band that fused Ska, Punk, Pop, Soul, and Reggae together; who created their own label Go Feet
- During the time of their first show it was also the time when the Three Mile Island Nuclear incident occurred
- They donated all profits made from their single version of "Stand Down Margaret" to the Committee for Nuclear Disarmament and also donated their music to anti-nuclear benefit albums as well
- They also lent their voices to The Specials AKA's "Free Nelson Mandela"
- The English Beat sung and acted on the
problems that people faced in the
Social and Political Impact
- The English Beat gave messages of hope and peace, while singing about political messages
- They were influenced by Smokey Robinson, Desmond Dekker, The Clash, The Skatalites, and others
- They influenced No Doubt, Sublime, The Toasters, Operation Ivy, and many others
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