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The Law of Tang Dynasty

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Yuan Yuan

on 24 February 2014

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Transcript of The Law of Tang Dynasty

The Law of Tang Dynasty
General Information
Tang Dynasty (618C.E.-907C.E.)
-Monarchy, ruled by an all-powerful emperor since it was founded by the ancient Li family in 618

-The most glistening historic period in China's history
Became the most powerful and prosperous country in the world. Particularly, in this glorious period, the economy, politics, culture and military strength reached an unparalleled advanced level.

-One of the factors of success of the Tang Dynasty governing system was the reforms it instituted by modifying and building upon the Sui legal code.

How was legal system created?
-Modifying and building upon the Sui legal code

-Three Departments and Six Ministries

-Tang Code

-The "Confucianisation" of Chinese law was a slow process and that the amalgamation of the Confucian views of society with the law codes was completed only in the great Tang Code of CE 624. The code is regarded as a model of precision and clarity in terms of drafting and structure.

Main names associated with legal system
-Three Departments and Six Ministries

-Three basic departments that created policies and laws

-Administered by six ministries -personnel administration, military, finance, rites, justice, and public works.

The Tang Code
AD 584 years. Yang Su became the minister of the Discipline Inspection department. His wife was short-tempered. One day, they quarreled badly, Yang Su said: “If I am the emperor then you are unqualified to be the empress.” His wife reported to the Emperor what Yang Su said. After that, Yang Su was fired. 

Case explanation
At this time the government believed Yang Su’s words had the intention of instigating uprising or overturning the feudal regime. In this case, Yang Su’s charge belongs to rebellion the most serious crime in the Tang Dynasty. He should be exile to the border of the country. Yang Su was fired because he was not holding the trust of his position.
Foreigner Law
When foreigner breaks the law, the Tang Dynasty had specific law to manage them. If foreigners assault each other, and they are from the same country, then they will be punished by their country’s law. If foreigner assaults Chinese citizen or the third country’s citizens they will be punished by Tang Code.

Marriage Law
The marriage system of the Tang dynasty is based on the fourth part of Tang Code (Laws concerning peasant families (lands, taxes, marriages.)). First of all, the government admitted the legality of forced marriage system and commercial marriage system by the feudal society. About getting married, the law endues parents power to control the marriages of their children. If the children against their parents, they should be punished by caning. The government banned the families’ numbers getting married. At the same time the government made a lot of policies to make sure that the husbands had the control in the families. This is propitious to the order in feudal social system and society.

The Tang Dynasty
Tiffany, Yuan, Martin
How law impacted the society of the time?
-Easy to understand

-Everyone knew the punishments

-Chinese law influenced laws of other countries in Asia (Vietnam, Korea, Japan, Middle East )

How the legal system influenced Canadian law
-Different divisions in law

-Six ministries (personnel, revenue, rites, defence, justice, works)

-Three departments (chancellery, state affairs, secretariat)

-Individual punishments for specific violations of the Tang code

-Tried to reduce physical punishment

“Political System of Tang Dynasty.” Travel China Guide. Web. n.d. 17 Frebruary 2014.
“Tang Dynasty Government.” Totally History. Web. n.d. 16 January 2012.
“Tang Code” Wikipedia. Web. n.b. 20 August 2013
“Three Departments and Six Ministries” Wikipedia. Web. n.b.
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