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2013 LC Child Labor

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Seika Matsuoka

on 30 January 2013

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Transcript of 2013 LC Child Labor

CHILD LABOR: The GOOD(?), the BAD and the UGLY Regional Stats Millions of children involved in child labor but no official record because of government censorship Types of Labor Regular Workers
Casual Workers
Household Helpers
Apprentices
Work-Study Students
Forced Laborers Companies that use Child Labor Apple, Sony, and Samsung are supplied by Foxconn, a major supplier with factories located in China Culture Demand for Children in rural areas
One-child policy CHINA BRAZIL Regional Stats
Worst Forms
Construction
Garbage Scavenging
Agriculture
Fertilizer Production
Animal Slaughter
Car Repair
Production of Leather, Garments, Footwear

Least Harmful Forms
Street Vending
Street Acrobatics Working Forms of Labor Culture
Begin working at around age 8
Viewed as "education" by Brazilian authorities
Appropriate and healthy for children
Inculcate good working habits
Teaches them respect for authority
Builds character
Prevents "idleness" & youth criminal activity Companies That Use Child Labor THE U.S. Regional Stats
In 2008, approximately 2.3 million adolescents aged 15 to 17 years worked in the U.S.
In 2009, more than one million youth under the age of 20 lived and worked on farms Types of labor
Worst Forms
Agriculture
Domestic Work
Comercial sexual exploitation
Street children
Least Harmful Forms
Street children - independent street children Culture
Indigenous children are more likely to work in agriculture
Education is not a priority
Girls get married and become housewives
Boys work in the field Companies that Use Child Labor
Maquiladora employers
Delphi
RCA
Ford Motor Company
Tyco
General Electric
General Instruments
Johnson & Johnson
ITT AFRICA Regional Stats Culture Worst Forms of Child Labor Companies that use child labor 48 million children in Sub-Saharan Africa and 13.4 million children in the Middle East and North Africa are involved in child labor"
120,000 children under the age of 18 are child soldiers, military porters, messengers, cooks or sex slaves in Africa. Agriculture (Cocoa, Tobacco, and Sugar Cane)
Stone Quarry Mining
Commercial Sexual Exploitation
Fireworks Production
Leather Production
Brick Making
Animal Slaughter
High-Seas Fishing Chocolate
Anette's Chocolate Factory
Hershey Food Corporation
Mars Confectionary (M&M/Mars)
Nestlé (manufactures Willy Wonka)

Tobacco
Marlboro
Lark
L&M
Worst Forms
Agriculture
Child Prostitution
Least Harmful Forms
Part time job INDIA Regional Stats Worst Forms of Child Labor Culture Companies that Use Child Labor 12 million children according to the Indian government
35 million according to UNICEF, which is about 14% of all children aged 5-14 Fireworks production
Bricks production
Street Vendors
Sexual workers
Child soldiers Caste system
More than 200 million people in India are vulnerable to discrimination, exploitation and violence simply because of the caste into which they were born Nike
Adidas
GAP Coca Cola Socialization
More than 1 million children between the ages of 10 and 14 were working in Brazil ICI MEXICO Regional Stats Types of Labor Companies that uses Child Labor Culture
4.8 million children (the age of 6-14) engage in economic activity with or without pay Regional Stats Forms of labor Culture Companies that use Child Labor There are 17 million children working in Latin American and Caribbean countries
Parents' preference
Teach how to be responsible as an adult
Learn the rules in society
Indigenous children tend to work LATIN AMERICA
Companies receive materials made by child labor, such as
cotton for clothes
cocoa for chocolate, etc.
Agricultural crops harvested by children are consumed in the U.S
Parents prefer that children learn how to be independent, responsible, and have proper time management (Part time job)
"Pressured" into contributing to family income (Agriculture) Worst forms
Domestic Service
Prostitution
Armed conflicts
Least Harmful Forms
Guatemala (garbage dumps)
El Salvador (sugar cane, garbage dumps)
Venezuela (flowers horticulture)
Bolivia (mining, sugarcane)
Full transcript