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19th Century Continental/American Theater
Transcript of 19th Century Continental/American Theater
Started with Romanticism, an emotional escape into adventure and beauty
In the middle of the 19th century drama took a turn into the opposite direction with realism
Although realism grew many authors around the world continued to write romantic, symbolic, and mystic plays
A major influence to this genre of theater is Henrik Ibsen, a Norwegian, who has been thought of as the "father of realism" 19th Century American Theater American theater is know for being its own style
It was developed with borrowing any ideas from the English theater
When American theater first started is was thought of as immoral and wasn't frequently performed
In the New York colony of 1709 an act was past forbidding "playacting and prizefighting"
President George Washington loved theater and routinely attended plays
For 50 years many actors toured America performing, until the media (radio and motion picture) took over
With the road shows vanishing performances on Broadway were established, which became the theatrical center on the United States Early 1800s - theater attendance lessened due to economic decline and poor acting and producing standards. History/Origin Industrial Revolution brought a decline in rural theaters. 1843 - Theaters Act removed
Theaters Act ruled that Lord Chaimberlain could prevent any plays from being put on, make any modifications of existing plays, and was not required to justify reason.
Censorship still controlled by Lord Chaimberlain Prominent Playwrights Gabriel Sundukian
"Sneezing at Night's Good Luck" (1863) Edmond Rostand
"Cyrano de Bergerac" (1897) Alexander Dumas
"The Three Musketeers" (1844) George Bernard Shaw
"Candida" (1898) Joseph Jefferson
"Rip Van Winkle" (1819) J. M. Barrie
"Peter Pan" Themes Romanticism
An emotional escape into an adventure.
Started by Goethe and Schiller.
Created by Henrik Isben, known as the "Father of Realism"
His themes revolutionized the theatre of his lifetime.
Variety show featuring, trained seals, singers, acrobats, jugglers, dancers, comedians, and dog and pony acts. Maude Adams
Maude Ewing Kiskadden, professionally known as Maude Adams,
Referred as "Maudie" by her fans.
American stage actress, she was the most successful and highest paid preformer of her time.
Her greatest success was Peter Pan
Considered America's greatest actor.
He appeared as Hamlet.
Toured throughout America and Europe.
Founded Booth's Theatre in New York. Actors Several technical innovations were introduced: electric lighting (first introduced at Savoy Theater, 1881) elevator stage (stage lift) (Budapest Opera House, 1884) revolving stage (Residenz Theatre, Munich, 1896) Costumes What Act was removed in 1843, loosening Lord Chaimberlain's grip on the theater? a. Plays Act b. Acting Act c. Theaters Act d. Drama Act Which of these was NOT a prominent playwright of the time? a. Neil Simon b. Alexander Dumas c. Edmond Rostand d. J. M. Barrie Henrik Ibsen is known as the "father of" what? a. romanticism b. realism c. comedy d. tragedy In 1709, which colony passed an act forbidding "playacting and prizefighting"? a. Virginia b. Michigan c. New York d. South Carolina Which of these was NOT an act performed in vaudeville? a. singing b. trained seals c. fashion shows d. comedians True or false: American theater was widely accepted right away. True or false: Censorship wasn't a big deal to Lord Chaimberlain. True or false: Maude Adams' greatest success was her role as Peter Pan. True or False: Electric lights, stage lifts, and revolving stages were first used in 19th century theater. True or false: Edwin Booth appeared as Romeo.