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Present and Future Unreal Conditionals

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Robert Benavides Rodriguez

on 15 March 2016

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Transcript of Present and Future Unreal Conditionals

Present and Future
Unreal Conditionals

You can begin conditional sentences with the
if
clause or the result clause. The meaning is the same.
Might
or
could

Would
Would, might,
or
could + base form
of the verb in the result clause
If clause.
To talk about unreal conditions and
their results, these may be:
untrue,imaginary or impossible
Grammar
Charts

Yes/No Questions
Wh- Questions
References
Statements
Uses
It is used...
can be:
present and future
The if clause gives the unreal
condition, and the result clause
gives the unreal result of that
condition.
If
they
had
a nice house, they
wouldn´t want
to move
If
I
had
more money
now
, I would take
a trip around the world.
The if clause uses the simple past
but the meaning is not past
Don't use would in the if clause
If
she
knew
the answer, she would tell you.
NOT
if she would know the answer...
Use
were
for all subjects when the verb in the
if
clause is a form of
be
.
If
I
were
a King, I would make you Prime Minister
NOT If I was King...
Some people use was with I, he, she
and it. However many people think
this is incorrect.
In result clause if the result is certain. Do not use will.
Use
They love to travel. If they had time,
they
would take

a trip next summer.
In the result clause if the result is not certain. Do not use
may
and
can
.
They´ve never been to Asia. If they took a trip, they
might go
to Japan
If they took a trip, they
could go
to Japan.
You can also use
could
in the result clause to express ability.
You don't know Japanese. If you knew Japanese,
you
could translate
this article for them.
If I had more money,
I would move.
Use
If I were you,
I wouldn't ask the fish for anything else. He could get angry.
Use
wish + simple past
to talk about things that you want to true now, but that are not true
Use
were
instead of was after wish
Use
could
or
would
after wish.
Don't use can or will.
I lived in a castle
NOT
I wish I was a child again
I wish were a child again
I
wish
I
could by
a car.
NOT
I wish I can by a car.
If clause:
simple past
Result clause: Would (not) + Base Form
If
Mia
had
money,
If
she
were
* rich.
she
would live
in a palace
she
wouldn't live
in a cottage.
If
Mia
did't have
money,
If
she
weren't
rich,
she
wouldn't live
in a palace.
she
would live
in a cottage.
Result Clause
If clause
Would
she
lived
here
If
she
had
money?
If
she
were
rich?
Affirmative
Negative
Yes
, she
would.
No,
she
wouldn't.
Short Answers
Result Clause
If clause
What

would

she

do
if
she
had
money?
if
she
were
rich?
Is this a real situation?
NO! this is an imaginary situation.
sentences can be about:
the PRESENT
the FUTURE
If i
lived
in a palace
now
, I
would
give
parties all the time.
if clause
result clause
If I
moved next month
, I
would
buy
new furniture
.
if clause
result clause
in the
FUCHS, M; BONNER, M. Focus on grammar. (2006) pages: 336-347

Bogage, B(2012) Unreal conditionals. Retrieved from: http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/bbogage-49291-unreal-conditionals-education-ppt-powerpoint/
Practice
If I had
a million dollars,
I
would
buy a new house
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