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Bike Share and Economic Development

Can Bikeshare Aid in Economic Development?

Patricia Happ

on 8 May 2013

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Transcript of Bike Share and Economic Development

Bikeshare is Growing Place Workforce Development
hourly jobs - bicycle assemblers, mechanics, and call center personnel. Citi Bike has already created 170 jobs
IT-based jobs - programmers, database engineers, financial positions
building bicycling infrastructure creates twice as many jobs as road construction
Reduction in transportation costs
lower and middle income earners often pay a higher percentage of income on transportation.
AAA 2013 report: average cost to own a sedan is $9,122 yearly
A 2011 CaBi annual member survey showed that bikesharing helped members save an average of $819 per year on personal travel costs (Capital Bikeshare, 2012).
Public Health
bikeshare has also been shown to increase overall bicycling. In a 2012 report, 72% of bikeshare members said they rode a bicycle more often as a consequence of bike sharing (Shaheen, Martin, Cohen, & Finson, 2012).
greater numbers of riders increases overall rider safety through the “safety in numbers” effect, where more riders overall increases the safety of all riders (Jacobsen, 2003)
bicyclists advocate for safer bicycle infrastructure People Place Industry Bikeshare Business Models Owned and managed by the municipality (Washington DC, Arlington and Alexandria Virginia's Capital Bikeshare)
Advertising/Sponsorship with profit sharing (New York City's Citi Bike)
Non-profit (Spartanburg, South Carolina's B-cycle)
For-profit (Miami, Florida's Deco Bike) Bikeshare and Economic Development Patricia Happ
UAP 5784: Local Economic Development Planning
Virginia Tech UAP
May 2013 Economic Development Strategy Source: Heike Mayer, UAP 5784, Spring 2008 People Industry Support local businesses
bikeshare riders and bicyclists spend more
1 car parking spot = 12 bicycle customers
bicyclists can stop easily to make purchases
Bike facilities are good investments
bike lanes create twice as many jobs as road construction
Portland built its entire pre-2008 bicycle network, for the cost of one mile of urban four-lane freeway.
Retail occupancy and tax revenue
after the Pinellas Trail was built in Dunedin, Florida, occupancy in adjacent buildings rose from 35% to 100%.
New economy firm attraction
want to locate in places with high quality of life, bikeshare can enrich cities through increased liveability and efficient transportation
Washington DC bikeshare stations on the mall are among the busiest, tourists are the largest and greatest revenue producers for bikeshare Neighborhoods
Bicycling infrastructure can contribute to sense of place - public places in cities serve as opportunities to shop and socialize.
A Manhattan cycletrack created a 49% increase in retail sales for businesses along the route
Quality of Life
Expands transportation options - last mile
"Human-scale speed" to stop, shop, and socialize
Traffic reduction
A bikeshare study showed that as a result of bikeshare, 40 percent of survey respondents reduce their automobile trips (Shaheen et al, 2011) Definition:
Public bikesharing systems provide short-term transportation using a network of shared bicycles

Almost half of all trips in the U.S. are less than
3 miles, which is an ideal bicycling distance. Rapid expansion around the globe
2007: 68 bikesharing systems worldwide, and
2012: 534 bikesharing systems
42 more U.S. and Canadian systems currently in the planning stages
Hangzhou, China has the world's largest public bike-sharing system with 69,500 bikes and 3,000 docking stations. http://www.bikeleague.org/summit12/Presentations/Bikes%20An%20On-Demand%20Mobility%20Solution/Brief%20Bikeshare%20Presentation_Eldridge.pdf Challenges Street vendors - Forced relocation
Local businesses - loss of parking spots
Historic landmarks and viewsheds How Can Bikeshare Aid in Sustainable Economic Development? NY Lawsuit: "The bike share station will severely endanger the health and safety of the residents of 99 Bank Street." Challenges - Race/Ethnicity Challenges: Income Public outreach and education
Crowdsourcing for input into station placement
Low Income and Unbanked - discounts and payment plans
Non-English speakers - bicycling and bikeshare outreach
Underserved neighborhoods - station placement and bicycle facilities
ibikenopa.blogspot.com www.portlandoregon.gov Opportunities and Challenges Planners must address equitable access, affordability,
and bicycling education for all members of the community.
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