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The Syrian Desert
Transcript of The Syrian Desert
Syrian Desert Biome
The Syrian Desert is part of the hot and dry desert biome. This particular desert is located in the Middle East in the country of Syria. A hot and dry desert biome consists of extremely low rainfall and soil that is usually either sand or very coarse rock. There is little vegetation, that which is there being low-growing shrubs and small trees.
Northern Bald Ibis
Species and Their Interactions
The Syrian Desert has a wide variety of plants and animals. Among this group is the gazelle, jerboa (A nocturnal jumping rodent), viper, and locust. The birds of the desert are eagles, falcons, and the newly-found, once-extinct northern bald ibis. In the plant category are the hawthorns and the occasional low-lying shrubs. Invertebrates in the desert include scorpions and scarab beetles.
Abiotic and Biotic Factors
Climate: hot and dry
Rainfall: < 25 centimeter
Temperature: 6.4C - 30.8C
Bees pollinating the cacti and depending on it for food.
Fleas living on the bodies of coyotes and other animals
Activities for Tourist
• 4x4 Off-Road – driving off-road in the desert
• Monasteries in the Desert – visit the Monasteries of Saint Sarkis in Maalula and to other Monasteries
• The lava fields of the Beni Ghyath – enter the southern volcanic desert
• Desert Castles – first three days in lava fields; travel to steppe of the central desert to Umayyad castle, Byzantine fortress of Resafe and stay overnight
• Caravan Camel Tour Palmyra – escorts by camel to many attractions
• Built castles from the sand
• Use the environment for tourism
• Hunt animals
• Use abiotic and biotic resources (sand, rocks, water, etc.) for food, supplies, and shelter
Desert Climate. (n.d.). <i>Desert Climate</i>. Retrieved April 23, 2014, from http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/desert_climate_page.htm
Land and Resources, Plants and Animals. (n.d.). Plants and Animals. Retrieved April 23, 2014, from http://www.countriesquest.com/middle_east/syria/land_and_resources/plants_and_animals.htm
Ochsenwald, W. (n.d.). The winds. Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Retrieved April 23, 2014, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/578856/Syria/29940/The-winds
Rafeq, A., & Desert." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. 2013. (2004, January 1). Syrian Desert. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved April 23, 2014, from http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Syrian_Desert.aspx
World Biomes - Desert. (n.d.). World Biomes - Desert. Retrieved April 23, 2014, from http://www.worldbiomes.com/biomes_desert.htm
Clothes to Wear
The people of the Syrian Desert are mostly Bedouin Arabs. They dress in long, near body length clothing, usually with a headdress and some sort of covering of the face in order to protect themselves from the heat. Their clothing are usually light colored in order to reflect the sunlight but can also be dark colored on occasion.
The cactus wren builds its nest in the cholla cactus
Dangers of Going to the Syrian Desert
Hot during day
Cold During Night
Drink lots of water
They have a different way of living, and it is disrespectful to show skin, so try to cover up
Species and their niches
The gazelle's niche is to control the population of vegetation in the desert biome, expand its population, and provide the desert carnivores with food. The chameleon's niche is to control the insect population and provide other animals with food.