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AP Gov Foreign Policy
Transcript of AP Gov Foreign Policy
Sarah Zygmont U.S. Foreign Policy Kinds of Foreign Policy Majoritarian Policy
Perceived to confer widespread benefits/impose widespread costs
President dominates, public opinion supports but does not guide
Ex: war, military alliances, covert CIA operations, Cuban Missile Crisis, nuclear test ban Current U.S Foreign Policy President Obama's Progress With a Group... Do you think the Marshall Plan was a good or bad political move? Was it necessary? Did it strengthen or weaken our current status as the leaders of the Free World? Interest Group Policy
Identifiable groups fighting against one another for costs/benefits
Congress plays a bigger role than President, Interest Groups
Ex: Tarrifs (Japanese vs. Steel), Cyprus policy (Greeks vs. Turks) Client Policy
Benefits to identifiable group, without any apparent costs to any distinct group
Also a larger Congressional role
Ex: Israel Policy Focused on Asia Pacific as one of the most important regions in the future of the U.S. (both economically and in terms of our political and security objectives in the world.
Challenged all nations to come together to reject extremism & advance our common interests
Made it clear that the U.S. would continue to be a leader in the global movement to end human trafficking
Met with leaders of Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and Russia at Camp David for the annual G8 summit, where they addressed major global economic, political and security issues.
Took the flight to al Qaeda and eliminated Osama bin Laden Presented National Strategy for Counterterrorism (focusing on al Qaeda)
Built an international coalition to stop a massacre in Libya, and to support the Libyan people as they overthrew the regime of Moammar Qadhafi
Announced a plan to responsibly end the War in Iraq and kept our promise to end combat operations there by August 31, 2010 and to remove all US troops by the end of 2011.
Announced a strategy to address the international nuclear threat and convened a Nuclear Security Summit that took concrete steps toward securing nuclear material worldwide.
”Reset” our previously strained relations with Russia--signed a new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty Announced new policy steps towards Cuba.
Announced a comprehensive international strategy for cyberspace issues.
Built a broad coalition to pressure Iran to abandon its nuclear program, including unprecedented sanctions by Congress, the UN Security Council, and a host of other nations and regional bodies. Focuses Refocusing on the Threat from al Qaeda in Afghanistan and Pakistan
Responsibly Ending the War in Iraq
Stopping a Massacre and Supporting the Libyan People
Keeping Nuclear Weapons Out of the Hands of Terrorists
Re-energizing America’s Alliances Maintaining Core American Values
Restoring American Leadership in Latin America
Ensuring Energy Security and Fighting Climate Change What do you think is the most
important issue facing Congress
and the presidency? With a group... Truman Administration
Just After World War 2-War torn
Rebuild Europe-help them reach economic, social, and political stability
Foreign Assistance Act (1948)
Economic Cooperation Act (1948)
NATO created in 1949(cross-Atlantic security alliance between 28 nations)
collective defense What will happen if this issue is not dealt with? -Israel and US in danger
-Iran will grow stronger
-"Who among you would feel safe in the Middle East? Who would be safe in Europe? Who would be safe in America? Who would be safe anywhere?"
-Iran’s ambassador claiming that Israel is the real the threat, being the nation based on terrorism
-Claims that is natural right to possess nuclear technology
-In September, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was not permitted to speak to President Obama
-This threatened to put U.S.-Israeli relations into crisis Hiroshima two bombs dropped during the final stages of WW2
Einstein- warned FDR that the Germans may develop a bomb
New Mexico (1945)
The U.K., Republic of China, and U.S. called for Japan's surrender in the Postdam declaration which threatened Japan with "prompt and utter destruction"..... Japan ignored the ultimatum
Fat Man (Nagasaki) and Little Boy (Hiroshima)- Aug 9
developed in the Manhattan Project
Six days later, Japan surrenders
Japan signs the Instrument of Surrender on 2 September, officially ending World War II.
Japan's adopts the Three Non-Nuclear Principles, forbidding the nation from nuclear armament. The Marshall Plan