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Nouns, Pronouns and Adjectives

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Justin Fodor

on 9 December 2013

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Transcript of Nouns, Pronouns and Adjectives

Nouns, Pronouns and Adjectives
Nouns
Word or word group that is used to name a person, place, thing, or idea
Pronouns
A word used in place of one or more nouns or pronouns

Adjectives
A word used to modify a noun or a pronoun
The Way out
Persons - women, team
places - forest, town
things - rain, pets,
ideas- care, loyalty
Compound Nouns
Made up of two or more words used together as a single noun
The parts of a compound noun may be written as:
One word
separate words
hyphenated words
Ex. basketball, fire drill, self-control
If you are unsure how to write a compound noun, look it up in a dictionary
non- Ex) green door
Ex) ice cream
Common Nouns
Names any of a group of persons, places, things, or ideas
a common noun generally does NOT begin with a capital letter
Proper Nouns
names a particular person, place, thing, or idea
a proper noun begins with a capital letter
common
proper
poem
country
athlete
"The Raven"
Spain
Jim Thome
Concrete Nouns
Abstract Nouns
a person, place, or thing that can be perceived by one or more of the senses
Ex) phone, teacher, popcorn
Ex) love, humor, Christianity
Names an idea, a feeling, quality, or characteristic
Collective Nouns
A word that names a group
POD (write down the following directions and sentences)
Underline the nouns and pronouns

1. He's still making us do these.
2. I did nouns last year!
3. We still love English.
So nouns can fit into three categories

1. Common or proper
2. Concrete or abstract
3. Collective or not collective
Place each noun in all three categories
1. Everybody says that high school will be fun.
2. There is no time to go to the game.
3. That statue is covered with rust.
4. The faculty decided to have a fire drill.
5. It cannot rain this week. We need sunny weather.
a pronoun stands for what is called an antecedent
ex) Elena read the and returned to the library.
book
it
*sometimes the antecedent is not stated.

ex) Who invented the telephone?
Personal Pronouns
refers to the one speaking (1st person), the one being spoken to (2nd person), or the one spoken about (3rd person)
1st person

I mine
me my
we our
us ours
2nd person

you
your
yours
3rd person

he him his
she her hers
it its
they them their
Intensive Pronouns
Demonstrative Pronouns
used to point out specific things
this that these those
emphasizes a noun or another pronoun
Reflexive Pronouns
refers to the subject and functions as a compliment or an object of the preposition
first person myself, ourselves

second person yourself, yourselves

third person himself, herself
itself, themselves
first person myself, ourselves

second person yourself, yourselves

third person himself, herself
itself, themselves
ex) Juan wrote himself a note
ex) Amelia designed the costume herself
***** If you are unsure on whether the pronoun is intensive or reflexive, omit the pronoun from the sentence. If the sentence still has the same meaning, it is intensive. If the meaning changes, it is reflexive.
Interrogative Pronouns
ex)
This
is the best song I know.
**When the words
this, that, these
, and
those
are used to modify a noun or pronoun, they are considered adjectives, not pronouns
introduces a question
what which who
whose whom
?
?
adj ex) this card is my favorite
Relative Pronouns
introduce a subordinate clause
that which who
whom whose
ex) Camels
,

which
have humps
,
are native to Asia
Indefinite Pronouns
refers to a person, place, thing, or idea that may or may not be specifically named
all another both each everybody
few many much neither nobody
none no one one several something
When the words
what
,
which
,
who
,
whom
, and
whose
are used to modify a noun or pronoun, they are considered adjectives, not pronouns.
adj ex) Which player scored the most points tonight?
*many words that are used as indefinite pronouns can be used as adjectives
adj ex) Each player took one jersey.
what kind?
which one?
how much?
how many?
Articles
a, an
the
indefinite articles - refer to a member of a general group
definite article - refers to someone or something in particular.
Demonstrative Adjectives
This
,
that
,
these
, and
those
are used to modify nouns or pronouns
ex) Did he win
this
trophy or
that
one?
Proper Adjectives
formed from a proper noun and begins with a capital letter
Proper Noun
Proper Adjective
Canada
New Jersey
Apple
Canadian citizen
New Jersey coast
Apple computer
The way that a word is used in a sentence determines what part of speech the word is. Some words may be used as nouns or as adjectives.
pronoun: Whose are these?
adj: Whose gloves are these?
noun: Return these books to the library.
adj: These library books are due tomorrow.
noun: How often do you watch television?
adj: What is your favorite telvision program?
pronoun: That is not a dragonfly
adj: That insect is not a dragonfly
Some words may be used as pronouns or adjectives.
POD (copy the following directions):

Write down the nouns and put them into ALL THREE categories (common/proper, concrete/abstract, collective/not)

1. That drummer is the best performer.
2. The trees looked the best during the fall.
3. I love when my team wins.
POD (copy the following directions and sentences):

Underline the pronouns and ID them.

1. I don't feel like myself.
2. What is the largest planet in our solar system?
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