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1984

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Milan Patel

on 25 July 2014

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Transcript of 1984

Summary
The novel starts off by describing Winston's life in Oceania.
In this dystopia, everyone is watched 24/7 by telescreens, devices that permit the Thought Police to spy upon everyone and so identify anyone who might endanger the Party's regime.
The public is stripped from their rights, freedom, and feelings and emotions.
The citizens are compelled to do what Big Brother says.
Winston, who works in the Ministry of Truth, edits articles and documents to change history according to the Party's wishes.
Changing the past is only one unjust way the Party controls the lives of its citizens.
Summary
O'Brien inflicts immeasurable pain upon Winston until Winston changes his views towards the party. O'Brien wants Winston to love Big Brother.
O'Brien's goal is not to kill the people that undermine the party but to brain wash them into thinking that the Party's views and actions are justified.
Orwell conveys the message that a totalitarian government would be sinister and would brain wash the public.
Summary
Winston keeps and writes in a personal journal. This is considered a crime in Airstrip One.
Airstrip One is a territory in Oceania, one of the three superstates that divided the world amongst themselves after a war. Most of the novel takes place in London, which is located in Airstrip One.
Although the Party does not promote having sexual relationships out of pleasure, Winston commences a relationship with Julia, a coworker, after she inconspicuously gives him a note saying "I love you."
A few times during work, Winston's eyes meet with O'Brien's, another coworker, and Winston assumes that O'Brien views the Party's actions just as Winston does.
Winston's assumption, however, is false. O'Brien turns out to be a member of the Thought Police, and he helps punish Winston and Julia for the felonies they commit.
"1984"
Author: George Orwell
Presentation by: Milan Patel

Themes
The Dangers of Totalitarianism

1984 warns readers about the dangers of a Totalitarian government.

Orwell wants to alter some Americans' thoughts on communism.
Themes
Manipulation of the Mind

The Party brain washes the public into believing everything that the Party says is true.

They overwhelm the people's minds by putting telescreens in their homes and scrutinizing their every move.


Themes
Fear

The people live in constant fear.

They are even scared that the telescreens will hear them saying something frowned upon in their sleep.


Children are even trained as spies to report their parents in case their parents do anything unjust.
Themes
Propaganda

The Party chooses exactly what to tell the public, whether it is the truth or a lie.

The Party has "Hate Week" which criticizes the enemy of Oceania fills the citizens' minds with hatred.
Author: George Orwell
George Orwell was born on June 25, 1903 in British India.
Orwell wrote everything from literary criticism to polemical journalism.
A majority of his work is based on the problems of social classes and government power.
Two of his most famous books are
1984
and
Animal Farm
. Also, he wrote
Coming Up for Air
,
A Clergyman's Daughte
r, and
Homage to Catalonia
.

The Times
ranked him second on the list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945".
Orwell did not receive any major awards, but he has an award named after him called "The Orwell Prize".
Author: Interesting Facts about Orwell
Orwell could be viewed as a Transcendentalist because when he moved to Britain, he purposely lived with the poor and wore summer clothes in the winter. He did this so that he could experience the life of the poor.
Mark Twain, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and Henry Miller admired Orwell and his work.
The first word Orwell spoke was "beastly."
Orwell was in Paris around the same time as the famous author Ernest Hemingway, but at the time, Orwell was a dishwasher at a hotel.
Despite dying in 1950, no audio recording exists of Orwell’s voice.
Recommendation
"1984" is split into three sections. The first and second sections of the novel are climatic and "page turners", but the the third section loses its trill and there is no twist in the plot. Despite the anticlimactic ending, I really enjoyed how Orwell dragged me into the characters' shoes. Orwell accomplished this by using strong diction and vivid imagery. I was fond of the way Orwell conveyed his message to the people about how dangerous a totalitarian government can be. The description in "1984" may sound very unrealistic, but with a little imagination and Orwell's descriptive settings, one can get lost in the world in which the characters live. Anyone that loves reading about the military, government control, politics, or futuristic novels will enjoy reading this novel.
Favorite Paragraph
"We shall abolish the orgasm. Our neurologists are at work upon it now. There will be no loyalty, except loyalty towards the Party. There will be no love, except the love of Big Brother. There will be no laughter, except the laugh of triumph over a defeated enemy. There will be no art, no literature, no science. When we are omnipotent there will be no need of science. There will be no distinction between beauty and ugliness. There will be no curiosity, no enjoyment of the process of life. All competing pleasures will be destroyed. But always do not forget this Winston always there will be the intoxication of power, constantly increasing and constantly growing subtler. Always, at every moment, there will be the thrill of victory, the sensation of trampling on an enemy who is helpless. If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face forever."

This paragraph sums up the the views The Party had for its citizens. Orwell does a remarkable job expressing the negative effects of a totalitarian government. His message leaves the world's countries to favor Democracy rather than Communism. The novel is based on the central motive of snatching the public's rights. Each sentence in the paragraph is elaborated into characters throughout the novel.
Quote 1
"Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past."

This is quoted in the beginning of the book when Winston is thinking about how the party controls history. This quote tells the reader how The Party works towards breaking people's independence. The conflict at this point is how to stop someone or something with immense power. This quote symbolizes triumph.
Quote 2
"And when memory failed and written records were falsified when that happened, the claim of the Party to have improved the conditions of human life had got to be accepted, because there did not exist, and never again could exist, any standard against which it could be tested."

This is said when Winston is getting frustrated because he does not know if life was better or worse before the Party took control. He has no way to know because all of the history is rewritten by The Party. The Party gets the public on their side by manipulating them into thinking that The Party made a pristine utopia. This quote explains that if one does not learn history, he or she is inclined to repeat it. Winston's character changes during this time, and he wants to do something about the way The Party runs.
Quote 3
“We shall meet in the place where there is no darkness.”

The meaning of this quote is very vague at the being, but later on the reader can interpret it better. In the beginning of the novel, Winston thinks the place where there is no darkness is a place O'Brien will take him to with no Party to control them. At this point, the quote symbolizes hope because they are in darkness as long as The Party is in control, but they still have a chance to defeat The Party. Later, Winston realizes how ironic this quote is because the place where there is no darkness is where he is taken to after he is caught.
Quote 4
“Comrade Ogilvy, who had never existed in the present, now existed in the past, and when once the act of forgery was forgotten, he would exist just as authentically, and upon the same evidence, as Charlemagne or Julius Caesar.”

Winston has to write an article for the news and creates a fake comrade who, in the public's eye's, is a hero. Throughout the novel, falsifying things is like taking a shower, because it is done so easily and repeatedly. This reflects the theme of manipulating the minds of people with false stories and false evidence.
Quote 5
“It’s a beautiful thing, the destruction of words. Of course the great wastage is in the verbs and adjectives, but there are hundreds of nouns that can be got rid of as well. It isn’t only the synonyms; there are also the antonyms."

One of Winston's friends Syme, who is deeply brainwashed into believing that what The Party does is the right thing, is telling Winston about the new language The Party is inventing. This quote has figurative language in it. It is implying that the world is changing. When it talks about the destruction of words, it is also foreshadowing the destruction of their rights. This quote is also significant in trying to make people understand what is happening to their freedom.
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