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Brye Jones

on 4 April 2013

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English 3 Book Report
By: Brye Jones Stiff: Curious Lives of Human Cadavers About My book Chapters in Stiff: Chapter 1- A head is a terrible thing to waste: Practicing surgery on the head
Chapter 2- Crimes of Anatomy: Body Snatching and other sorid tales from the dawn of human dissection
Chapter 3- Life after death: On Human decay and what can be done about it
Chapter 4- Dead man driving: Human crash test dummies and the ghastly; necessary science of impact tolerance
Chapter 5- Beyond the Black Box: When the bodies of the passengers must tell the story of a crash
Chapter 6- The Cadaver who joined the Army: The sticky ethics fo bullets and Bombs
Chapter 7- Holy Cadaver: The cruifixion expiraments
Chapter 8- How to know if your dead: Beating heart cadavers, live burial, and the scientific serch for the soul
Chapter 9- Just a head: Decapitation, reanimation, and the human head transplant
Chapter 10- Eat me: Medicinal cannibialism and the case of human dumplings
Chapter 11- Out of the fire, Into the compost bin And other new ways to end up
Chapter 12- Remains of the author: Will she or won't she? Summary of Stiff This book is about people who donate their bodies to science after they
die. Mary Roach dives into the world of science cadavers. In the first
chapter she goes to a facial anatomy and face-life refresher course,
sponsored by a southern university medical center and attended by 6
of America's most sought-after face-lifters. Mary follows one of the
doctors around and asks her questions about giving a face lift and the
parts of the face.
In the second chapter Roach describes the beginging of anatomy,
the act of body snatching, and the lack of dignity of cadavers in
anatomy classrooms.
Chapter three was about how humans decay and what factors help
or hinder that. Researchers at a University of Tennessee leave bodies
to decay in natural environments and monitor their stages of chemical composition. This data assists criminal investigations by creating scientific baselines to determine time of death. Smell, temperature, insect
infestation, and other factors are monitored and considered. Stiff was written by Mary Roach. I couln't find any editors in the book, but I'm sure there are some. This book has 292 pages. There are 12 chapters in this book which are listed in the next frame. Stiff was published in 2003. http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&gs_rn=8&gs_ri=psy-ab&cp=8&gs_id=v&xhr=t&q=stiff+by+mary+roach&safe=active&bav=on.2,or.r_qf.&bvm=bv.44697112,d.b2I&biw=1280&bih=929&wrapid=tljp1364924112434014&um=1&ie=UTF-8&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=jhZbUe_pJ4WQ2AXllICIBg#imgrc=SfKaAwHqNAHnGM%3A%3BrFsICK1pFCscEM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252F25.media.tumblr.com%252Ftumblr_lmpdqxprHB1qk037yo1_400.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fhatcadet.tumblr.com%252Fpost%252F6471664950%252Fstiff-the-curious-lives-of-human-cadavers-by%3B342%3B500 Opinion I thought this book was interesting and boring, but I had a good time reading it. Audience I think this book was intended for young adults mainly, or anybody who wants to learn about science cadavers and what they're used for. Purpose I think the purpose for Mary Roach writing this book was to let people know what the science cadavers were used for and how they actually help us in the long run. Diction This book uses more informal than formal scentences for example:
"The way I see it, being dead is not terribly far off from being on a cruise ship. Most of your time is spent lying on your back"
(Introduction) Structure "Stiff" uses both description and time/order sequence to explain how anatomy students and scientists use the cadavers in their practices. Realated Works Some other works by Mary Roach include:
1) Spook: Science Tackles the Afterlife
2) Packing for Mars: The Curious Science of life
3) Gulp: Adventures on the Alimentary in the Void Canal Summary Chapter three was about how humans decay and what factors help
or hinder that. Researchers at a University of Tennessee leave bodies
to decay in natural environments and monitor their stages of chemical composition. This data assists criminal investigations by creating
scientific baselines to determine time of death. Smell, temperature,
insect infestation, and other factors are monitored and considered.
Chapter four looks at cadavers used in impact studies. Roach visits Wayne State University to watch one of their cadavers get hit with a linear impactor during a crash simulation. Researchers hope to
determine how much force a human shoulder can withstand in a
side-impact before it suffers serious injury. The author digresses to
give a brief history of how cadavers have contributed to car safety. Cadavers have given scientists a better understanding of how injury
is suffered, particularly to the brain and nervous system. Safer
windshields and steering wheels are the result. Summary Chapter five is about people who have died in mid-air disasters,
Roach meets an injury analyst Dennis Shanahan. Who normally investigates the claims of injured people looking to sue companies,
but he is occasionally called upon to investigate air disasters. Roach
is curious to know how one endures having to piece together a puzzle
so grim. When the black box cannot tell the story of what happened
to a downed plane, investigators must consult the "human wreckage."
Chapter six addresses cadavers in weapons and ballistics research. Most ballistics research is done on animals with similar anatomy to human beings. Roach is curious as to why people fall down when shot, even when not seriously wounded. Ballistics expert Duncan McPherson, of the Los Angeles Police Department, believes the behavior is purely psychological. People fall because they realize they've been shot.
MLA Citation Roach, Mary. Stiff, The Curious Lives Of Human Cadavers.
New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2003. Print. Fun Fact! To learn the weight of a human soul, a physician in 1907 rigged a bed scale and put his patients on it and at the exact moment of their passing he looked for a downward twitch of the needle. By his determination the human soul weighs about three-quarters of an ounce, almost the same as the big toe. Fun Fact! For every cadaver used to test and develop
airbags, safer steering wheels, and safer windshields 147 lives are saved!! Fun Fact! During Thanksgiving have you ever wondered if you could literally eat yourself to death?
Well in 1891 a German physician decided to test that theory, not on himself of course but on a cadaver. He strapped a cadaver to a chair and filled its stomach until it burst, at about a gallon of food. Summary Summary Summary Chapter 7 looks at how cadavers were used to investigate the Shroud
of Turin. In 1931, Father Armailhac, a Roman Catholic priest, asked
Dr. Pierre Barbet to prove the scientific efficacy of the Shroud of Turin
as the burial cloth of Jesus Christ. Barbet became focused on stains
that seemed to depict a split flow of blood. Barbet felt that they
were caused by Jesus repositioning himself on the cross to avoid suffocation. Barbet tested this theory by crucifying a cadaver.
Chapter 8 considers the definition of death, live burial, and the
search for the soul. Roach watches as a beating-heart cadaver arrives
at UCSF medical center. The cadaver is brain dead, but its still-
functioning organs will be recovered to save the lives of people
desperately in need of transplants. One doctor will fly in from Utah
to recover the cadavers heart. The liver and kidneys from the cadaver
will be transported two floors down. Beating-heart cadavers take a particularly large toll on the ICU staff who works to keep the cadaver
alive until its time for thier good organs to be surgically removed.
Chapter 9 looks at decapitation, reanimation, and head transplants. Since the brain is supposedly the seat of consciousness, it might be possible to communicate with a recently severed head in the seconds before it expires.
Chapter 10 talks about medicinal cannibalism. Roach begins by describing the process by which an aged man of 12th century Arabia might sacrifice himself to become a medicinal confection known as a mellified man. After eating only honey for a month, the man dies and is placed subsequently in a coffin full of honey. After a hundred years, the coffin is opened and its "mellified" contents are used as a topical application for broken or wounded limbs. It may also be taken internally to cure the complaint. This recipe comes from the 1597 Chinese Materia Medica. Chapter 11 looks at alternative funerals. Roach visits the Colorado State
University Veterinary Teaching Hospital, where she finds herself in a
giant refrigerator used for storing dead animals. Roach is curious
to see how death is dealt with when bereaved relatives are removed as a
factor. She wants to see Colorado State's method of tissue digestion disposal. The author goes on to speak of Kevin McCabe, the owner of a Michigan funeral home. Kevin wants to use tissue digestion, what he calls water reduction, on human remains. The method can reduce an adult corpse to 3% of its body weight, with everything else becoming a sterile, coffee-colored liquid. This is achieved through pressure, heat and lye. The resulting fluid is safe enough to flush down the drain. Tissue digestion, Roach notices is both cheaper and cleaner than cremation.
In chapter 12 Mary Roach is thinking of her own eventual demise, she considers the attitude of UCSF anatomy professor Hugh Patterson, who feels that in death he will continue to teach the subject that he loved in life. Roach ponders the idea of becoming an educational skeleton, but concedes that 80% of bodies left to science wind up as anatomy lab dissections. A skeleton, to Roach, is at least aesthetically pleasing.
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