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Renaissance in Italy - Chapter 1

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elizabeth braithwaite

on 14 September 2015

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Transcript of Renaissance in Italy - Chapter 1

Medieval Art vs. Renaissance Art
Medieval or Renaissance?
Medieval or Renaissance?
Medieval or Renaissance?
Medieval or Renaissance?
Characteristics of Medieval Art
Characteristic of Renaissance Art
Always religious (Christian) subject matter
Important figures are shown as larger than others around them
Figures look stiff with little sense of movement
Fully clothed (no nudity)
Faces are serious and show little emotion
Lacks perspective, appears flat
Backgrounds are one color
Heavy use of gold
Artists show both religious and non-religious scenes
Art reflects a great interest in nature
Figures are life-like and three-dimensional, reflecting an increase in knowledge of human anatomy (anatomically correct figures)
Bodies look active and are shown moving
Nude or clothed
Faces express what people are thinking
Colors are shown as they respond to light (i.e. shadows, shading, etc.)
Use of classical stories and topics for subject matter
Full backgrounds that show perspective
Jacopa di Cione
Madonna and Child in Glory
1360/65 Tempera and gold on panel
The central figures of the Madonna and child in this painting from the late Middle Ages are much larger than the four saints who stand below the Madonna or the angels gathered around the upper edges of the painting. The artists made the Madonna and child larger to help viewers understand that they are the most important figures in the painting.
This painting, made in the early Renaissance, is an example of perspective that looks a little "off." Each item in this painting, the altar, the screen in the Background, etc. is accurately represented, but put them all together and they don't quite fit
Franconian School
Miraculous Mass of St. Martin of Tours
about 1440
Tempera and gold on canvas on panel

The holy family of Mary, Joseph and baby Jesus are joined here by shepherds and an angel in the center playing a lute. The landscape around them is earthly rather than heavenly
Giovanni Agostino da Lodi
Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on panel
Giovanni Agostino da Lodi
Adoration of the Shepherds
Oil on panel
Why was the invention of perspective necessary for artists to achieve realism in painting?

‘The School of Athens’ by Raphael (1518)
Medieval or Renaissance?
Medieval or Renaissance?
Compare & Contrast
Compose an illustrated letter from the point of view of a 15th century visitor to Florence. What are you seeing that is different or unique on your trip? How does it make you feel? Remember to consider the increased awareness of nature, the revival of classical learning, and the more individualistic view of man. Write 6-7 sentences and include at least one picture.
Independent Practice

Why is this a visual representation of the Renaissance? Think-Pair-Share
Why Italy?
social, political, economic and cultural change

Triggered by a rediscovery of writings and ideas from where?
Francesco Petrarch
was an early Renaissance humanist.
Medici family become important patrons of the arts
Florence is often referred to as the "Birthplace of the Renaissance"
Why Italy?
Another reason...
The Italian relationship with the Islamic world
Why Italy?
Another reason...
Review Questions

1. How did the focus of study change between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance?

2. Identify two reasons why the Renaissance began in Italy.
Key Terms:
Baldassare Catiglione
Niccolo Machiavelli

Vocab Builder:
The scholars who examined and translated Greek & Roman writings were called humanists.
Humanists studied what are called the humanities
Cosimo de'Medici invited poets, philosophers and artists to come and live in Florence
In this image objects appear smaller than those close to the viewer.
Renaissance artists used new oil paints
They studied human anatomy
They incorporated shading
What other techniques enabled Renaissance artists to give their work energy and realism?
Characteristics of Gothic Architecture (Middle Ages)

1.Grand, tall designs, which swept upwards with height and grandeur

2. An emphasis upon decorative style and the ornate

3.The Pointed Arch
1. Symmetrical arrangement of windows and doors

2. Extensive use of classical columns.

3. Triangular pediments

4. Arches

5. Domes

Roman and Greek Culture
Architecture was also transformed during the Renaissance
Features of Renaissance Architecture (revival of Greek and Roman designs)
How did Architecture change during the Renaissance?
It changed from the Gothic style (common during the Middle Ages) to columns arches and domes. Designs that had been favored by the Greeks and Romans.
1. Symmetrical arrangement of windows and doors

Picture A
Picture B
What do you notice?
It allowed artists to show things as the eye really sees them.
2. Extensive use of classical columns.
3. Triangular pediments
4. Arches
5. Domes
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