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Imperialism

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by

Cody Kubicki

on 18 January 2013

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Transcript of Imperialism

African Geography - Products: Fine sugar, textiles, munitions, and ships
- Built Suez Canal off coast of Cairo North Africa East Africa - Britains needed passage from South Africa to Egypt
- Dr. David Livingstone went to explore the source of the Nile West Africa - Resources: Peanuts, timber, hides, and palm oil -Britain and US made slave trade illegal
-Europeans ruled "elites" for economics South Africa - Diamond and gold mines in Rhodesia Explorers of Africa *Dr. Livingstone- explored parts of Congo Colonial Powers -Great Britain
-France
-Germany
-Belgium
-Italy
-Spain
-Portugal *Mungo Park (Scottish)- Explored western Africa, first to reach Niger River *Richard Burton (funded by Royal Geographical Society)- explored area around Great Lakes to find new resources *Henry Stanley (supported by King Leopold II)- Established the Belgian Congo Resistance in South Africa Zulu:
lead by Shaka
involved in conflicts with British (defeated)
also had conflicts with Boers
Boers:
believed in white superiority was ordained by god
put natives on reservations
Boer war with British 1899-1902
with many complications British won Resistance in North Africa *Jan Van Riebeeck (Dutch East India Company)- First to establish a colony in South Africa: Cape Colony (Later taken over by British) Mahdi(person)
led revolt in 1881
Sudan was under his control
British tried to recapture Sudan(unsuccessful until 1898 East Africa Maji Maji Rebellion
violent african resistance group
against Germany (went from 1905-1907)
happened because of drought and agricultural/labor policies Resistance in West Africa -Wassoulou Empire
-Islamic state under French rule
-Resisted French expansion farther west
-Led by Samori Tour'e British Control British power increased in India
British gov't gave power to British east India company
hired sapois(indian soldiers) to protect the company
1857 indian distrust of the British led to the sapoi mutiny(1st war of independence)
caused because British issued new bullets to indians and they didn't like it(ammo cartridges were greased in animal fat which of the indian's sacred animals
queen Victoria was crowned empress of India
India's colonial rule Menelik II -Became emperor of Ethiopia
-Developed it into a large, modern, and independent nation
-Led victories over Italian colonists in Battle of Adwa (Adowa) Berlin Conference -European nations got together to "trade" Africa
-Discussed who got what regions
-No African representatives 1858 Parliament set up colonial rule over India
-Built roads and a railroad network
-Set up textile factories
-Destroying India's hand-weaving
-Population growth (overpopulation)
-New legal system
-Ruled India directly through viceroys
*Viceroy: a governor who ruled as a representative of a monarch) China Sepoy Rebellion Opium War Sepoy- Indian soldiers under British control, serving Britain

-Forced them to serve overseas
-Allowed widows to remarry
-Made them bite animal fat when loading rifles
*All against Hindu Law

-Led to Indians massacring many British men and women
-British sought revenge by slaughtering thousands of innocent Indians
-New mistrust led to more strict rule from Britain, more British troops, and new taxes Chinese became addicted to opium, a drug traded by the British.
Caused economic crisis for China
After Chinese government called for trading to stop, the British refused.
Caused an outrage among both sides (Opium War) Taiping Rebellion Due to poverty and misery
1850-1864 (Most devastating peasant revolt)
Hong Xiuquan, the leader, was a school teacher
Taiping rebels won most of China
20-30 million deaths, and almost overtook Qing dynasty Qing Dynasty Falls Indian Nationalists -Small group of English educated high class Indians
-Met in Mumbai
-Didn't call for immediate change from Britain, but asked for a say in gov't
-Separation of Hindus and Muslims made settling disputes difficult
-Led to the formation of the Muslim League
-Represented the interests of all Muslims in India Tension was due to different religious beliefs Boxer Uprising 1899- a secret society forms, the Righteous Harmonious Fists
trained in martial arts to fight foreign powers
1900- they attacked foreigners across China
other western powers and Japan created a multinational force to stop Boxers Women admitted to schools
Expanded economically
Rights for working class erupt
Chinese nationalism spread
1900- introduced constitution and created republic
"Three Principles of People":
Nationalism, which freed China from foreign domination.
Democracy, representative government
Livelihood, economic security
When a 2 year old inherited the thrown, China was sent into chaos
1911- Provinces spread, throwing the Qing Dynasty
Constantly at war for next 30 years Aftermath
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