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Transcript of 1960s Counterculture
The counterculture movement of the 1960s changed the overall American mentality. It was a culture which strongly encouraged individual self-expression. Altering society to live in a way that possessed new, more alternative lifestyles.
A reaction to the conformity of the 1950's
Consisted of mostly white, middle class college youths disillusioned by the war in Vietnam and the injustices of society
Aimed to find another “society” based on love, harmony, and peace.
The Counterculture Movement
Hippies were marked by rock and roll music, style of clothing (example: ragged jeans, military garments, "love" beads, and various Native American ornaments, longer/shaggier hair, etc.), sexuality, and use of illegal drugs -particularly marijuana and hallucinogenic drugs such as LSD (acid).
Timothy Leary (early LSD experimenter) strongly promoted it, namely for its "mind-expanding" experience.
Many hippies also rejected the conventional home life and joined communes where members renounced private property to live communally.
The concept "do your own thing" left its mark on society
Gave the once traditional American society a new, more open minded way of thinking.
Encouraged the notion to stand up to injustices and fight for personal beliefs.
Overall, many Americans developed more liberal viewpoints.
Music as a whole has had a lasting impact on society whether personal or political.
The Counterculture's Legacy
"Turn on, tune in, drop out"
"Turn on" - the idea for one to become sensitive to various levels of consciousness and the specific triggers that engage them...
"Tune in" - idea for one to interact harmoniously with surrounding world (externalize, materialize, express new internal perspectives).
"Drop Out" - the self-reliance and discovery of ones singularity; commitment to mobility, choice, and change.
Key concepts to explore in the Counterculture Movement
The "Woodstock Music & Art Fair" was a music festival that attracted around half a million concert goers in August of 1969.
The festival was presumably one of the biggest symbols of the counterculture movement
32 musical acts performed over a three days
Artists included: Janis Joplin, The Who, Joan Baez, Jefferson Airplane and The Grateful Dead, to name a few...
"Sex, Drugs, and Rock and Roll" best sums up the festival.
The festival represented the '60s movement of peace and love and some higher cultural causes.'
Overall, Woodstock was very peaceful and well organized.
By the mid-60s, Haight-Ashbury in San Francisco, CA became the hippie capital.
People from all over and of all ages, came to this neighborhood.
Community expanded at an incredible rate that it gained national attention and made it the centerfold to the hippie movement and culture (nationally and globally).
The hippie era is often referred as the "Age of Aquarius ."
This was a culture whose ideals felt that mainstream society was corrupt and flawed.
Peoples who formed to this cultured made an attempt to reform society by "dropping out" and rejecting the establishment.
the 1960s marked an important era for music...especially for Rock and Roll.
Rock and Roll music was an offshoot of African American rhythm and blues of the 50s
music was played loud and proud, appealing to many youths and teenagers of the decade.
One band who best signifies Rock and Roll's expansion into mainstream culture is...
Rock and Roll
The Conservative Response
By the end of the 1960s, many believed that the country had lost a sense of what was right and wrong. The nation was out of control.
Conservatives began to openly express their anger and distaste for the counterculture movement.
FBI Director, J. Edgar Hoover even issued a warning that this "revolutionary terrorism" was a threat to campuses and cities throughout the nation.
Any persons rebelling were viewed as a "threat" and were plunging American society into a state of
Conservatives believed that the counterculture abandoned any and all rational thought and replaced it with uninhibited senses of self-expression.
This anger propelled conservatives to change the political system and take issues into their own hands; in time taking the nation back to a more controlled lifestyle.