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The Battle of Gettysburg
Transcript of The Battle of Gettysburg
3,000+ horses were killed
37,574 riffles laid on the battle field after
Gettysburg civilians were paid 13 cents for each pound of lead after
Myth: battle started because a Confederate was looking for their shoes
2nd day was the largest and costliest day of the battle
63 medals of honor were given to Union soldiers
9 of the 120 were killed or wounded during the battle
Confed. Gen. Lee had a heartattack before the battle
What was the Purpose of Gettysburg?
The Confederate needed another victory deep in Union territories. This will show that the Confederacy was a powerful country, and this will get the recognition from foreign countries, such as Great Britain and France. In addition, the victor of this war will also have the power to rule the entire United States, including the Confederate States.
Again, the victor of this battle will show who has the power to rule the entire country, including the Confederate States. The Union needed to reunite the country, so this would be the time to do this. In addition to this, the Union needed to stop the Confederate Army from invading the North again. (The first time was ended in the Battle of Antietam.)
2nd Pennsylvania Cavalry
6th Pennsylvania Cavalry, Company E, and Company I
Regular Cavalry (from 1st, 2nd, 5th, and 6th)
19th Indiana, 24th Michigan, 2nd Wisconsin
16th Maine, 13th Mass, 94th New York, 107th Pennsylvania
80th New York, 121th Pennsylvania
7th Indiana, 76th New York, 84th New York, 95th New York, 147th New York, 56th Pennsylvania
12th Mass, 83th New York, 97th New York, 11th Pennsylvania, 88th Pennsylvania
5th New Hampshire, 6th New York, 81st Penn
19th Maine, 15th Massachusetts, 82nd New York
14th Indiana, 4th ohio, 7th West Virginia
28th Massachusetts, 63rd New York, 116th Pennsylvania
4th Conneticut, 1st Delawre, 12th New Jersey, 10th New York, 108th New York
52nd New York, 140 Pennsylvania
42nd New York, 39th New York
57th Delaware, 63rd Deleware, 68th Delaware
20th Indiana, 3rd Maine, 86th New York
1st Massachusetts, 12th New Hampshire
11th New Jersey, 26th Pennsylvania
99th Pennsylvania, 7th US Sharp
2nd US (8) Sharp, 70th New York
17th Maine, 3rd Michigan, 5th Michigan, 40th New York, 110th Pennsylvania
2nd New Hampshire, 5th New Jersey, 6th New Jersey,7th New Jeresy, 8th New Jersey, 115th Pennsylvania
Vol XCIII, No. 311
also known as the significance
The Importance of Gettysburg
George G. Meade- Union General
19th of 56 in Military Academy in 1831
fought in Seminole, Mexican- American War+New Jersey, Florida Corps.
1861- promoted from captain to brigadier general (Pennsylvania brigadier)
joined his brigadier w/ George McClellan in 7 days Battle, Gaines' Mill, Mechanicsville, Glendale
wounded at Glendale= hospital
recovered = led Battle of Second Manassas
replaced John F. Reyonds as division commander
Battles of South Mountain+Antietam
3rd Division at Fredricksberg, 5th corps at Chancellowille
Hooker(former) resigned- Meade- general
After the Battle of Chancellorsville, in which the Confederate Army won, Robert E. Lee needed another victory in Union territory. This battle was the second in his plan for invading the North. In addition, if the Confederacy won this, it would give them the attention from foreign countries, such as France and Great Britain. The win would prove that the Confederate States were powerful enough to take over the entire United States because Gettysburg was so deep.
Union Won The Battle of Gettysburg
Confederate general= Robert E. Lee
2nd in class of 1829
17 years of engineering
Mexican-American War - superintendent of West Point
Abraham Lincoln= offered Lee as general of Union
Resigned when state joined Confederate
Military adviser until June 1862
by: Jennifer Lai, Britney Lam, Sasitah Limthaveemongkol, Kira Hum, and Maximus Sloan
July 1-3, 1863
Union- 3150 killed and 14500 wounded and 5165 missing
= 22815 total soldiers
Confederates- 4400 killed and 12950 wounded and 5350 missing
= 22700 total soldiers
General John Buford
General John Reynolds
General Abner Doubledate
General Winfield S. Hancock
General Oliver O. Howard
General Henry Hunt
General Daniel E. Sakeles
General Governor K. Warren
General George A. Custar
General James Longstreet
General Richard S. Ewell
General Ambrose Powell Hill
General Henry Heth
General John Bell Hood
General George E. Picket
General J.E.B. Stuart
General John B. Gordan
Brig. General Lewis Armistead
Major General Jubal A. Early
General James J. Pettigrew
-The Confederacy was weakened in their economy and population
-We look upon this day as a reminder of the past
The Long Term Effects
How did the battle affect the rest of the war?
-Lee's plan became more strategic
-Lee's army was reduced greatly
-The Confederate Army moved back South
-This was the turning point of the war *
2nd New Jersey, 1st New York, 4th New York, 1st Rhode Island, 4th United States
18th Massachusetts, 22nd Massachusetts, 1st Michigan, 118th Pennsylvania
3d Unied States 6, 1st Pennsylvania
32nd Massachusetts, 4th Michigan, 62nd Pennsylvania
20th Maine, 16th Maine, 44th New Jersey, 83rd Pennsylvania
1st New Jersey, 2nd Vermont, 4th Vermont, 63rd New York, 67th New Yor, 122nd New York, 23rd Pennsylvania, 82nd Pennsylvania
6th Maine, 121 New York, 95th Pennsylvania
7th Maine, 33rd New York, 33rd New York, 43rd New York, 61st Pennsylvania, 7th Massachusetts, 2nd Rhode Island
6th Maine 49th Pennsylvania, 7th Maine, 33rd New York, 61st Pennsylvania
7th Massachusetts, 2nd Rhode Island
6th Maine, 49th Pennsylvania, 119th Pennsylvania, 5th Winconsin
5th US, 62nd New York, 93rd Pennsylvania
41st New York, 153rd Pennsylvania, 134th New York, 27th Pennsylvania, 82nd Illinois
45th New York, 61st Ohio, 74th Pennsylvania
17th Connecticut, 25th Ohio, 75th Ohio, 107th Ohio, 33rd Massachusetts, 136th New York
55th Ohio, 58th New York, 82nd Ohio
75th Pennsylvania, 26th Wisconsin, 13th New York, 4th US
5th Connecticut, 3rd Maryland, 123rd New York, 46th Pennsylvania, 5th Ohio, 28th Pennsylvania, 1st Maryland, 150th New York
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Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
"Military History Online - Battle of Gettysburg." Military History Online – Battle
of Gettysburg. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2014.
"Union Commanders at Gettysburg." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 21 Mar. 2014. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
United States. National Park Service.
"Confederate Commanders at Gettysburg."National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 22 Mar. 2014. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
United States. National Park Service. "History & Culture." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 18 Mar. 2014. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
"Battle of Gettysburg Facts." - Main Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2014.
"The Battle of Gettysburg Timeline." Visit-Gettysburg. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
"Pickett's Charge." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, 2013. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
"Gettysburg." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, 2013. Web. 29 Mar. 2014.
"Battle of Gettysburg." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2014. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
Cunha, Stephen A., PhD. "The Civil War." The American Journey to World War I. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2006. 605-06. Print.
Map of the Gettysburg Campaign
Where is Gettysburg?
Other Battles on the Gettysburg Campaign
-The last effort for the Confederates to win the battle
-Lee wanted to be close to victory like yesterday
-9 regiments ran up to the Union and started shooting
-Ran 3/4 of a mile
-Confederates were in open terrain, but the Union were behind the Stone Wall and the Angle
What was Pickett's Charge?
Map of the Formations of Gettysburg (just for reference)
-July 1-3, 1863
-Lee vs. Grant
-Turning point of the war
-Lee waited to attack=more regiments come to Union
-fight: 2nd day=Confederates winning
-3rd day: Pickett's Charge=failure.
-Union win, but both sides lost many people
-Stopped invasion of the North
-Gettysburg Address four months later
Both sides had pros and cons. Can you find some more?