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Greek Architecture CPT

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by

Andrellitoria KrustyKubicLaws

on 13 February 2013

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Transcript of Greek Architecture CPT

By: Joeline Alexander, Ellie Kubisz, Tracy Sarcilla & Thanuja Stanley Greeks demonstrated their love of harmony, order, and symmetry through their architecture. Its three main styles of architecture, or orders: Doric was the earliest of the three orders. Doric order had smooth or fluted columns tapering towards the capitol, which consisted of one round and one flat portion. The frieze was surrounded by alternating triglyphs and metopes. This order was known to be robust and sensible. Temple of Apollo Athenian Treasury - Delphi, Greece Erectheion - Athens, Greece Stoa of Attalos - Athens, Greece After the Doric order was the Ionic order, considered to be feminine and elegant. Characteristics of this order are numerous vertical flutes, the addition of a column base, a frieze surrounding the entire perimeter with carvings, distinct scroll shaped volutes, and a low angled gable roof. Sanctuary of Athena : Delphi Temple of Athena, Nike - Athens Greece Temple of Artemis - Ephesus, Turkey Temple of Hephaestus Temple of paestum Great Zeus Altar Stoas of Attalos Lastly is the Corinthian order. It is considered the most sleek and ornate order. In this order the columns are more sleek, bell shaped capital decorated with acanthus leaves, it is symmetrical from all viewpoints, and has a continuous frieze around the border Temple of Olympian Zeus Monument of Lysicrates The beauty of greek architecture influenced modern day architects to make similar buildings Theater at Epidauros Treasury of Atreus Lions Gate Simonos Petras Monastery Monastery In Gracania The Parthenon was a beautiful masterpiece built for the goddess Athena. The Parthenon is located on the Acropolis in Athens. The columns were in Doric style, made of marble with a wooden roof. Inside the Parthenon was a golden statue of the goddess Athena. The Parthenon is notable because it incorporates optical illusions in its construction. Columns and the roof were built at slight angles to counter the natural distortion perceived in straight lines by the human eye. After the Neoclassical revolution and subsequent revival periods, Greek architecture became the emblem of both beauty and class Today, famous Greek temples, theatres, and other buildings are regarded as national treasures. They have become popular tourist destinations. The Parthenon was part of the Acropolis, the pinnacle of Greek architecture and religious dedication Temples were part of larger structures known as sanctuaries. Each was dedicated to a specific god/goddess. Two very important aspects were the altar and the surrounding fence The fence, or "Temenos", defined the property that the deity ‘owns’. Everything within it was sacred. The Greek empire is divided into 3 main time periods:
I. Archaic
II. Classical
III. Hellenistic Ancient greek temples are some of the most iconic historic sites in the world. The interior of the consisted of a cella/naos, the inner shrine in which stood the cult statue and 1 or 2 antechambers were treasury was stored with votive offerings The Greek commoners lived in housing made of mud bricks. These mud bricks laid on top of small rows of stone and were covered in plaster. Windows were small to protect against the elements and thieves. Most were located close to a well or other water source. Interior of Temple of Zeus The Acropolis means "high city" in Greek
It is built on top of what is known as the Sacred Rock
It supposedly would radiate power & protection for it citizen Greek architecture is so profound that it spurred the Neoclassical Revolution and other revival periods. Thanks for listening & we hope you enjoyed our presentation! (:
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