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1000 - Class 11

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Kelly Blidook

on 17 October 2013

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Transcript of 1000 - Class 11

Posc 1000 - Intro to Political Science
Libertarians: Extreme laissez-faire position in both social and economic matters.

Libertarians fear the enlargement of the state. Prefer to limit government activities in all areas (I.e. Economy/taxes, abortion, drug addiction, gambling, and pornography)
Conservatism and Libertarianism
Government should protect hierarchy in society

For Burke: Economic liberalism, and political/social conservatism
Edmund Burke (1729-97)

: National Energy Program

: Airlines, Telecommunications

Deficit & Debt
: Attempts to cutback service
and departments, and …

Goods and Services Tax (GST)
Canada’s “conservative” period (1984-1993)
: the reduction of the public

: lifting of government
controls on market activity

: the sale of government
owned assists or activities to the
private sector
Contemporary Conservatism
Following period in 1960s-70s of Reform

Debt and deficit reduction

: budget shortfall (annual)

: total amount owing
Contemporary Conservatism
George Grant: “Lament for a Nation”

Suggests that economic liberalism weakens tradition and custom

“the market is the great dissolver of customs, traditions, and all things to which conservatives are temperamentally attached.”

Conservatism, then, is internally contradictory
Red Tories
In comparison with U.S. conservatism, the Canadian conservatism has less of a classic liberal (individualist) view of economy.

U.S. society and culture is more individualistic than Canada, and Canadian conservatism reflects this difference by being more collectivist.
Red Tories
Combines traditional conservative views with interventionist or even socialist economic views.

More common historically of Canadian “conservatives”.
Red Tories
Considered one of the fathers of modern conservatism

Social order as larger and more important than the individual

Strong advocate of hereditary aristocracy

Opposed extending the right to vote
Edmund Burke (1729-97)
6. Recognition that change may not be salutary reform: hasty innovation may be a devouring conflagration, rather than a torch of progress.

Usually “status quo” is better than change.
Six Common Characteristics of Conservatism
5. Faith in prescription, and distrust of [those] who would reconstruct society upon abstract designs.

Sound reasoning, rather than supposition, should guide society.

Inherently opposed to the idea that human nature is “perfectible.”
Six Common Characteristics of Conservatism
3. Conviction that civilized society requires orders and classes - rejects notion of a “classless society.”

People are not equal, and state should not force them to be
Six Common Characteristics of Conservatism
“to prefer the familiar to the unknown”

“tacit wisdom in inherited patterns of behaviour”

“reformers … may be correct, but they must bear the burden of proof”
Chrétien (CAN): Liberal government adopted many “conservative” policies
Similar fiscal policies, more effective cuts

Reduced provincial transfers

Privatized CN Railways

Further deregulated telecommunications

Clinton (U.S.):
Deficit reduction
Modern (economic) Conservatism

”: characterization of the
diminished authority of governments in
the West, and greater adherence to
Classic Liberal economic principles.
Contemporary Conservatism
4. Persuasion that freedom and property are closely linked.

Property is form of power - should be held by many
Six Common Characteristics of Conservatism
2. Affection for the proliferating variety and mystery of human existence.

People have both good and bad tendencies. Cannot assume all good.
Six Common Characteristics of Conservatism
Russell Kirk:
1. Belief in a transcendent order, or body of natural law, which rules society as well as conscience.
Six Common Characteristics of Conservatism
Social conservatives:

Human behaviour should be restrained by institutions (family, the church, the school, and the state - if necessary).
Thatcher (U.K.)
Reagan (U.S.)
Mulroney (CAN)
Ideologies: Conservatism
Full transcript