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Chapter 2 Trait and Factor Theory
Transcript of Chapter 2 Trait and Factor Theory
and the requirements of the occupation Overview Chapter 2 Trait and Factor Theory Parson believes that before you select an occupation you have to first have a clear understanding of yourself.
Requirements of different lines of work.Important contributors to trait and factor theory: Frank Parsons and Edmund Williamson.
Trait theories were the first career theories to be described.
Similarites between Edmund Williamson (directive) and Carl Rodgers (non-directive). Step 1: Gaining Self-Understanding The 5 basic traits that can be assessed by testing and interviewing.
Step 3: Integrating Information About
One's Self And The World Of Work
Understand what you know about yourself and apply it to the workplace
Step 2: Obtaining Knowledge About
The World Of Work Occupational Information:
Type of information
Trait and Factor Requirements Applying the Theory To Women Occupational achievement is based on how women view themselves and the skills they have in the workplace
The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale shows there are no useful differences between genders
Individual differences are greater than gender differences Applying the Theory to Culturally Diverse Populations
Research focuses mainly on interest and work values of different cultures
There are equity issues in relation to information being readily available to all people
These differences make career choice process difficult for people in the United States Counseling Issues Concerns for the Trait and Factor theory might include it's emphasis on assessment
Trait and Factor Theory is too simple
The three basis parts of the theory provide an overview but not many details
It is static rather than developmental
Counselor biases towards careers("take care of your junk")