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Writing Introduction and Conclusion Paragraphs

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Michael Oliveri

on 17 January 2015

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Transcript of Writing Introduction and Conclusion Paragraphs

Writing Introduction and Conclusion Paragraphs
The steps to success...

Conclusion Paragraphs
Introductions ...The first impression
-The introduction of your paper is the first thing the reader gets to see
-You want to GRAB the reader right away
-Your introduction sets the tone of your paper, AND sets the attitude and mindset of the reader!
Intro's Should
-Be AT LEAST 3 sentences
(Start out general and get more specific)

- Inform the reader about what exactly it is you're going to be talking about in this paper (Ex: The invention of soap and influence of music in the 30's)

-Start with historical background and gradually get more specific until you narrow to your topic


Intros should not..
-Use phrases that suggest that you don't know what you're talking about, like the following:
"In my opinion . . ."
"I'm not sure about this, but . . ."

-Announce your intentions. Do not flatly announce what you are about to do in an essay.
"In this paper I will . . ."
"The purpose of this essay is to . . ."

-Dilly-dally. Get to it. Move confidently into your essay. Many writers find it useful to write a warm-up paragraph (or two, even) to get them into the essay, to sharpen their own idea of what they're up to, and then they go back and delete the running start.
-General Statement (Attention grabber)




-More specific info about your topic
(Background info/context)




-Very specific
(Narrow your focus)
Example of an Introduction
(Muhammad Ali Ex)

The 1960's was a decade of unprecedented action and excitement, controversy and hysteria, and public icons.

This decade was unlike any other; whether is was a war protest at a college campus, or watching some of the best athletes in sports, there was something for everybody in the 60's.

One of the most prominent and outstanding sports figures in the 1960's was Muhammad Ali.

Muhammad Ali is widely regarded as the best boxer to have ever lived. Although Ali was an athlete in the 60''s, he was so influential that his effect on the sport of boxing is still felt today, nearly 55 years later.
- A good conclusion wraps up your essay in a memorable way
- A strong conclusion reminds the reader of the gist of your essay
- It should leave the reader feeling like they know a great deal more about your topic then they did before they read it
- *Remember* It's the last thing your reader gets from you, so make it count!
Conclusions should not..
- Be a direct repetition of your introduction (Follow the general structure but DO NOT JUST RESTATE WHAT YOU'VE ALREADY SAID)

- Avoid cliche phrases like:
"In conclusion"
"In summary"
Conclusions should..
-Remind the reader of your focus

-Recap all the main points

-End with a a sense of closure, don't keep the reader hanging
Tip- Mirror the structure of the intro; go from more specific to general.
Example of a conclusion

Taking a look back at his career; Ali's 3-time heavyweight championship titles, his olympic gold medals, and his innovative defensive techniques, clearly show just how much of a profound and powerful sports figure he was in the 1960's.
Anyone who has ever had the fortunate experience to be a sports fan in the 60's would share the sentiment that watching Ali box was simply a pleasure.

While it is debatable whether or not Muhammad Ali is the greatest boxer of all time, there is no debating his major influence on the sport of boxing.
Conclusion
Full transcript