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Top 10 Diseases In The United States

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Madison Nichols

on 21 October 2016

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Transcript of Top 10 Diseases In The United States

The #10 disease is Malaria
A type of microscopic parasite that is most commonly transferred by a mosquito bites.
What Does It Do To The Human Body:
The parasites that cause malaria are released into your blood and they infect the liver cells, when you are bitten by a mosquito that is infected with malaria.
How Many Americans Does It Affect:
1,500-2,000 Every Year
Quinine Sulfate
The #8 disease is Pneumonia.
Bacteria-like Organisms
What does it do to the human body:
In one or both of the lungs, the air sacs get inflamed. The air sacs could possibly fill up with pus or fluid. This causes a cough with pus, phlegm, fever, chills, a hard time breathing.
How Many Americans Does It Affect:
50,000 every year
Medicine to help reduce a fever
The #9 disease is Chronic kidney Disease.
Type 1 or 2 Diabetes
High Blood Pressure
Glomerulonephritis, An inflammation of the kidney's filtering units.
Interstitial Nephritis, an inflammation
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Prolonged obstruction of the urinary tract, from conditions known as enlarged prostate, kidney stones, and some cancers.
Vesicoureteral Reflux, A condition that causes urine to back up into your kidneys.
Recurrent Kidney Infection, also called pyelonephritis.
What Does It Do To The Human Body:
The kidneys can't filter blood because they get damaged and they are no longer healthy. Other health problems may be caused, because the waste can stay inside your body.
How Many Americans Does It Affect:
Take high blood pressure medicine.
Take medicine to help lower cholesterol levels.
Take medicine to treat anemia.
Take medicine to relieve swelling.
Take medicine to protect bones.
Eat a low-protein diet.
Kidney Transplant
The #7 disease is Influenza.
Influenza is airborne. This means that whenever someone coughs, sneezes, or talks, that already has the infection, they can give it to you.
What does it do to the human body:
A viral infection that charges at the lungs, throat, and nose.
How Many Americans Does It Affect:
200,000 every year
Plenty of Fluids
Plenty of Bed Rest
The #6 disease is Diabetes.
Type 1~
The cause is unknown, but most people with type 1 diabetes, it is caused by the body's immune system destroys the insulin producing cells in the pancreas mistakenly.
Type 2~
When the body becomes immune to insulin, or when the pancreas stops making enough insulin.
What does it do to the human body:
Type 1~
The pancreas produces very little or no insulin.
Type 2~
Affects your way the body metabolizes sugar.
How Many Americans Does It Affect:
Type 1~
Taking Insulin
Carbohydrate Counting
Frequent Blood Sugar Monitoring
Eating Healthy Foods
Exercising Regularly
Maintaining A Healthy Weight
Type 2~
Healthy Eating
Regular Exercise
Diabetes Medication
Insulin Therapy
Blood Sugar Monitoring
The #5 disease is Alzheimer's Disease.
Environmental factors combine and over time they affect the brain.
What does it do to the human body:
Destroys Memory and other mental functions in the body.
How Many Americans Does It Affect:
Cholinesterase Inhibitors (They can improve depression and agitation)
Memantine (Slows the progression of symptoms with Alzheimer's)
The #4 disease is Stroke.
A blocked artery or a blood vessel leaking or bursting.
What does it do to the human body:
Affects one side of the brain. You will have problems with the right side of your body if the stroke affected the left side of your brain. You will have problems with the left side of your body if the stroke affected the right side of your brain.
How Many Americans Does It Affect:
795,000 every year
Intravenous Injection Of Tissue Plasminogen Activator (restores blood flow by dissolving the blood clot that causes the stroke)
Medications Given Directly To The Brain
Mechanical Clot Removal
Carotid Endarterectomy (A surgeon removes plaques from arteries that run along each side of your neck to your brain)
Angioplasty and Stents
The #3 disease is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. (COPD)
The main cause of COPD is smoking.
What does it do to the human body:
A lung disease that blocks airflow from the lungs.
How Many Americans Does It Affect:
As of 2013, 11,000,000 Americans have been diagnosed with COPD, and 24,000,000 might have it and don't know it.
Stop Smoking
Bronchodilators (Relax the muscles around your airways)
Inhaled Steroids (Reduce airway inflammation and help prevent exacerbations)
Combination Inhalers
Oral Steroids (Prevent from Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease from getting worse)
Phosphodiesterase-4 Inhibitors (Decreases airway inflammation and relaxes the airways)
Theophylline (Helps improve breathing and prevents exacerbations)
Antibiotics (Help treat exacerbations)
Oxygen Therapy (If there isn't enough oxygen in your blood, you could need supplemental oxygen)
Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program
Managing Exacerbations (An acute exacerbation is when symptoms get worse some days, and they can lead to lung failure if you don't receive proper treatment)
Lung Volume Reduction Surgery (Removes small wedges of damaged lung tissue form the upper lung)
Lung Transplant
The #2 disease is Lung Cancer.
What does it do to the human body:
It damages the lungs, and makes it hard for someone to breath.
How Many Americans Does It Affect:
210,828 As Of March 23
Radiation Therapy
Palliative Care
Targeted Drug Therapy
Clinical Trials
The #1 disease is Heart Disease.
Cardiovascular Disease~Atherosclerosis
Heart Arrhythmia~Heart defects you are born with, Coronary Artery Disease, High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, Smoking, Excessive use of alcohol or caffeine, Drug Abuse, Stress, Some over-the-counter medications, prescription medications, dietary supplements and herbal remedies, or Valvular Heart Disease
Congenital Heart Defects~Develop when the baby is in the womb
Cardiomyopathy~A thickening or enlarging of the heart muscle
Heart Infection~Bacteria, Viruses, Parasites
Valvular Heart Disease~Born with Valvular Disease, or the valves get damaged by Rheumatic Fever, Infections, or Connective Tissue Disorders
What does it do to the human body:
Different Diseases that affect the heart
How Many Americans Does It Affect:
610,000 die every year
Eating a Low-Fat/Low-Sodium Diet
Exercising Regularly

5.) Columbia University-
New York, New York
4.) Washington University-
St. Louis, Missouri
3.) University of Pennsylvania-
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
3.) University of California-
San Francisco, California
3.) Johns Hopkins University-
Baltimore, Maryland
2.) Stanford University-
Stanford, California
1.) Harvard Medical School-
Boston, Massachusetts
3 Things I Didn't Know Before This Presentation:
There are 29,100,000 Americans that are affected by diabetes.
I didn't know that Malaria was caused by a mosquito bite.
There are 24,000,000 Americans that could have COPD, but they don't know it.
What Information Surprised You The Most?
The information that surprised me the most was that so many people were affected by diabetes.
If you were a doctor, which disease would you become a specialist in? Why?
If I was a doctor I would want to specialize in Diabetes, because there are so many people that are affected by this disease.
Final Thoughts.
Overall, I really liked doing this presentation. I was able to learn so much information doing this presentation. I want to work in the medical field when I grow up, so doing this presentation really helped me learn more about medical diseases.
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