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By: Alison McHale, Cassie Moor and Jasmine McQueen

Jasmine McQueen

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of Fractures

Symptoms of a Fracture
An out of shape limb that is visible to the eye



Unbearable, or intense pain. Especially on movement

Feeling of numbness, or a tingling sensation

Inability to move the affected area

In rare cases, the bone will be protruding from the skin
What Bones can be Fractured?
There is not only one bone that can be fractured within the human body. If any of the 206 bones is put through enough pressure then it will eventually become a fracture/break. The five most common bones to become a fracture are;
The 5th most common bone to be fractured is the long bones (femur, tibia and the fibula). With this bone(s) fractured the individual is still able to move. She/he will just take more effort because the use of crutches is normally required.
The 4th most common fracture is the arm. This is most commonly found in children from lose of balance leading to falling on a difficult angle. Humans use their arms for everyday chores, with fracturing the humours, ulna or the radius will limit someone from doing school work like writing notes, holding objects, or driving a vehicle.
The 3rd most common fracture is the ankle. “This joint is the main part that holds the pressure of the entire human body”. This type of fracture is most commonly found when people have ‘rolled’ or ‘twisting’ their ankle the wrong way. Depending on the savouriness of the fracture within the ankle the individual will be on crutches for up to a few months.
The 2nd most common fracture is the hip, which is most seen in elderly people and can take months to heal properly. If it is a major hip fracture the people would have to undergo a hip replacement surgery. Unlike an arm or leg fracture which needs either a cast or crutches and still provides mobility, with a hip fracture the individual is recommended to be on bed rest until the individual is healthy again.
Last but not least, the 1st most common fracture is a wrist fracture. A wrist us used again in everyday routine and are very easy to break. Just from banging your wrist off an object the wrong way can lead to a fracture with up to three months with a cast on. With a fractured wrist it also affects the arm bones such as the radius, ulna as well as finger movement without discomfort.
What Movement do you Lack with a Fracture
With a facture you basically are unable to do your daily routines without assistance such as showering, or dressing yourself. With a fracture you are unable to play any sports with physical play, running, jumping, or lifting. An individual with a fracture will most likely have some sort of cast on limb that is broken affecting mobility or required to be on bed rest until healthy and healed properly.
How the injury may have occurred
A fracture can occurred when an individual is playing a rough sport like hockey for example and gets tripped which can lead to any of the top five fractures. As a human being we all have the instinct to catch ourselves from falling which is known as a straight arm fracture. This is when someone goes to break their fall with their arms straight out to the ground to catch the fall. This can lead to a numerous amounts of fractures such as; ulna fracture, radius fracture, clavicle fracture, fracturing the growth plate within ones wrist, wrist fracture and can sometimes even lead to a humerus fracture. A fracture can occurred at any time if put under enough pressure. Fractures don’t always occur from horse play or sports, fractures have a great impact with individuals that suffer from osteoporosis.

“Osteoporosis is a disease that affects your bones, thinning and weakening them, making them more likely to break or fracture. Up to 80% of fractures that occur in women 50+ are fragility fractures. Fragility fractures are those caused by a fall from standing height (or less) that would not ordinarily cause a fracture in a healthy adult.”
How to Prevent a Fracture
The way someone can prevent a fracture from occurring is by being more careful while walking up and down stairs, working out, plating sports, etc. The way to do this is by wearing safety equipment when playing sports such as; shin guards, wrist guards, shoulder pads that protect the individual’s clavicle, ribs and spine from damage. A helmet, elbow pads, ankle brace, etc. When someone has strong, healthy bones it is not as frequent for a fracture to occur. In order to have strong, healthy bones the person must keep up with a daily intake of vitamins like vitamin A and C, as well as the daily intake of calcium within the person’s diet which is required to have strong teeth. When someone has osteoporosis, or is lactose intolerant the person should visit their family doctor to get a prescription which entitles the individual to get the same daily intake of vitamins each day without consuming a glass of milk. The mediation can also slow down the effects of osteoporosis which reduces the risk of a fracture.
Treatment of a fractured ankle, tibia, fibula, clavicle, wrist or hand can vary depending on the severity and complexity of the break. Some fractures can be treated with a cast or even just the stability provided by high-top-style basketball shoes, slings, while others will require surgery and the use of screws or pins.
Web Sites Used...
Methods of Treatment
Can Someone Get a Fractured Joint?
“No, an individual can fracture a bone which goes into a joint and effects the joint in that way but one cannot only fracture their joint since it is made up of spongy tissue. The joint will only be affected if a fracture occurs around the joint.” - Aaron Campbell (knee sergeant at KGH)
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