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Pearl Harbor wwii
Transcript of Pearl Harbor wwii
Aaron Maldonado http://www.helium.com/items/1139664-american-response-to-pearl-harbor Leading to the attack at Pearl Harbor Map of Pearl Harbor Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto Reasoning for the attack Disadvantages of Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor Japanese declaration of War Approach and Attack Japan leaving aircraft carrier First wave of attack First attack wave of planes 50 Nakajima B5N Kate bomber 40 B5N bomber 54 Aichi D3A Val dive bomber 45 Mitsubishi A6M Zeke fighter Second wave of attack The second wave of attack included 171 planes. It included:
1st group – 54 B5Ns armed with 550lb and 132 lb general purpose bombs
27 B5Ns – aircraft and hangars on Kaneohe, Ford Island, and Barbers Point
27 B5Ns – Hangars and aircraft on Hickam Field
2nd Group – target: aircraft carriers and cruisers
81 D3As armed with 550lb general purpose bombs organized in 4 sections
3rd group – target: aircraft at Ford Island, Hickam Field, Wheeler Field, Barber’s Point, Kaneohe
36 A6Ms for defense and strafing
Four planes had technical difficulties and couldn’t launch American casualties and damages The attack only lasted 90 minutes
2,386 Americans died, most killed by unexploded American anti-aircraft shells landing in civilian areas
1,139 Americans were wounded
18 ships were sunk or beached, including 5 battleships
188 American aircraft were destroyed and 159 were damaged Japanese casualties and damages 55 Japanese airmen and 9 submariners were killed and 1 was captured
29 planes were lost during the battle and 74 were damaged Third wave of attack Aftermath Rebuild Within a year the harbor could be used again.
The harbor was partially rebuilt to be used during the war
The harbor was never fully rebuilt to become a memorial site Literature read that relates to Pearl Harbor attack http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor ·War was coming between Japan and US since the 1920’s
·December 1937 loan assistance provided for war supplies to the Republic of China
·In 1940, Japan invaded French Indochina control supplies reaching China.
·In 1941, the Japanese decided that an attack was the only way to prevent US Naval Interference.
·1941 planning the attack on Pearl Harbor began by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
·The Final approval was given by the emperor on December 1st ·Destroy American fleet to prevent interference
·Hurt American morale enough to stop US from joining the war
·Enable Japan to gain control of Southeast Asia without interferences
·The ships targeted were in shallow water.
·All of the US Pacific fleet’s aircraft carriers were absent.
·Even with the disadvantages, Yamamoto decided to go ahead with the attack.
·The attack was supposed to start 30 minutes after the declaration of war
·5,000-word notification took too long to transcribe and was not delivered in time
·Japan’s newspaper listed declaration of war, US government received it a day late
·November 26, 1941 six aircraft carriers left Japan to get in position
·408 aircrafts planned to be used; 360 in the first two attacks and 48 to be defensive combat air patrol.
·The first wave of attacks was to be the primary attack containing the bulk of weapons.
·The first wave of attack included 183 planes. It included:
1st group – target: battleships and aircraft carriers
50 Nakajima B5N Kate bombers armed with 800kg armor piercing bombs, organized in 4 sections
40 B5N bombers armed with type 91 torpedoes, organized in 4 sections
2nd group – target: Ford Island and Wheeler Field
54 Aichi D3A Val dive bombers armed with 550 lb general purpose bombs
3rd group – target: aircraft at Ford Island, Hickam Field, Wheeler Field, Barber’s Point, and Kaneohe
45 Mitsubishi A6M Zeke Fighters for air control and strafing
·Six planes had technical difficulties and couldn’t launch
A third wave attack was suggested, but not carried out
Military historians suggest if they had, it would have taken more than a year to get back up and going
The day after the attack, President Roosevelt declared war on the Empire of Japan.
December 11th, Germany and Italy declared war on the US.
Britain declared war on Japan 9 hours before the US did.
The Japanese American residents and citizens were sent to Japanese-American internment camps.
The novel, A Boy at War is very similar to the research of the Attack at Pearl Harbor
The attack was to be a sneak attack on Pearl Harbor
The father, Lieutenant Emory Pelko, was in the Navy and on the USS Arizona
The morning of the attack, Adam saw a torpedo drop from a plain and land in the water.
Adam witnessed the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.
Hearing the warning signal of attack from the USS Arizona, he ran to check on his father and watched is father die due to his injuries.
Affects on US history · The attack proved that US has a role in world power
· The attack ended the Great Depression of 1929
· With so many men in the armed forces, extreme number of women entered the labor force
· After the war, President Truman’s executive order helped to integrate the armed forces
· The United Nations was created and the US was welcomed in to the United Nations
· After the consequences of WWII the Nuclear weapons were created
Learning history through Fiction vs Non-Fiction · Reading Fiction only lists half truths to make the story more interesting
· Fiction lets you create a picture of what happened through the eyes of the characters
· Reading Non-Fiction tells you what actually happened
· Non-Fiction gives you the facts and allows you to create a picture of what occurred in history
· Fiction might keep you entertained, but Non-Fiction will actually help you learn the history of the world.