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Distracted Driving

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Tabitha Imondi

on 2 December 2014

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Transcript of Distracted Driving

Drop it and Drive

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
What is Distracted Driving?
Injury and Violence Prevention
GOAL: Prevent unintentional injuries and violence and reduce their consequences

Emerging issues in Injury and Violence Prevention
MOTOR VEHICLE CRASHES DUE TO DISTRACTED DRIVING
Healthy People 2020
Sullynette Sanchez

August 29, 1989- September 28, 2012
The Impact on Nursing Practice
Psychological Impact on health care workers, patients, and families
Nurse's Roles and Responsibilities
Pediatric Primary care
Tiffaney Cayton RN
Jessica Frates RN
John Fulton SN

Tabitha Imondi RN
Jennifer Palermo RN


Community Nursing Diagnosis
Responsibilities continued.....
"A pilot hospital-school educational program to address teen motor vehicle safety"
The Impact of Policies on the Delivery of Healthcare
How would these impact Healthcare
?
2012 there were
3,328
people killed in distracted related accidents

Additional
421,000
injuries
KNOW THE FACTS
10% of all drivers under the age of 20 involved in fatal crashes were reported as distracted at the time of the crash

A quarter of teens respond to a text message once or more every time they drive

20% of teens and 10% of parents admit that they have extended, multi-message text conversations while driving
Adults do it too!
77% of young drivers are very or somewhat confident that they can safely text and drive

55% of young adult drivers claim it's easy to text while they drive
48% of young drivers have reported seeing their parents talk on a cell phone while driving

15% reported seeing their parents text while driving
Distracted driving is any activity that could divert a person's attention away from the primary task of driving. All distractions endanger driver, passenger, and bystander safety.
Perspectives on the Problem and its Solutions from Key People in the Community
RI Department of Transportation


Young Drivers overrepresented in serious injury and fatal crashes
Peter Kilmartin & Susan Sosnowski
Pioneers of RI existing and pending legislation regarding texting and driving
Peter Kilmartin
RI State Police
RI DOT
NHTSA
AT&T It can Wait
Stop the Texts Stop the Wrecks
RI DOH &
RI DOT
State of Rhode Island Highway Safety Plan


Lives are being lost each day



Each day more than 15 people are killed & more than 1200 people are injured in crashes that were reported to involve a distracted driver
People are becoming injured
Drivers who use hand held devices are 4 times more likely to get into crashes serious enough to cause injury
Distracted Driving puts young drivers at risk
New groups of young people are getting their licenses each year
Sending the Wrong Message to Future Drivers
Automobiles are now WiFi Hot Spots
NEVER MISS A MOMENT!!!
The Consequences of the Health Problem for Society
Increased risk of death by unintentional injury related to distracted driving as demonstrated in an increased rate of traffic fatalities among youth aged 15-21 secondary to distracted driving
US Laws on Distracted Driving
Rhode Island Laws
Programs & Resources that Address the Problem
Gaps in Policies and Programs
Lack of reliable data
Proposed Legislation
RI Senate bill 2092
– Bans the use of handheld devices

Winners and Losers of Proposed Legislation
Winners
Focus is on one aspect of distracted driving
RI still allows the use of mobile phones while driving
Enforcement is difficult
Hands free technology potentially just as dangerous
NTSB calls for states to adopt a complete ban

Hands Free Technology Companies and Retailers
People that utilize roadways
Law Enforcement
Rhode Island College School of Nursing
Affected Communities

14 states
prohibit
ALL drivers
from using
HAND-HELD cell phones
while driving

Animals must be contained or restrained
while operating a motor vehicle


* However, there is evidence that all-driver bans on hand-held phone conversations can have large and lasting effects on driver’s behaviors.

Impact of Current Laws
Impact of Programs
-
1/3
of viewers say they’ve changed their driving habits

Evidence Based Interventions
Improve enforcement of distracted driving laws

Distracted Driving not specifically addressed
Emphasis Area: YOUNG DRIVERS
Strategies and Action Plan
Governors Highway Safety Association
TEENS
REPRESENT THE

LARGEST PROPORTION

OF DRIVERS WHO ARE
DISTRACTED

AT THE TIME OF A FATAL CRASH
Fines Have
Increased!
1st offense = $100
2nd offense = $150
3 or more
offenses = $250
44 states
ban
ALL

drivers
from
texting
.
38 states
ban
ALL cell phone use
by
novice drivers
20 states
ban
ALL cell phone use
by
school bus drivers
Ban
ALL drivers
from texting
Ban
minors
from using a cell phone while operating a motor vehicle
Ban
school bus drivers
from using a cell phone while transporting children
Ban
commercial drivers
from using hand-held mobile device
RIDOH Violence & Injury Prevention Program
Highway Safety Grant Program
Campaigns
= PSA’s, pledges, websites, social media profiles
High Visibility Enforcement
* Hard to measure due to inconsistent crash data
and inconsistent enforcement.
2013 = ~
$500,000
granted to RI
- Effective strategy against similar behaviors
- Proven decrease in people talking & texting on cell phones

HVE Campaigns
* Drive mode app =
>10 million
downloads
AT&T’s It Can Wait
*
>5.5 million
pledges
-
15,000
=
RI high school students
* "From One Second to the Next" =
~3 million
views
Improve access to and credibility of distracted driving data
Increase public awareness of the dangers of distracted driving
Strengthen laws on distracted driving
Healthcare cost
Overcrowding of emergency departments, and trauma centers
School Nurse
Role Models
Upstream Interventions
Giving testimony to proposed legislature
Bill 7498
Bill 2092
Collaborate

and participating in research/studies
Current Policies...Are they effective?
Proposed legislation...will it improve current policies?
Losers
Nobody?
Insurance companies
References
Objectives
Identify, define, and describe distracted driving.

Define populations affected by distracted driving.

Identify key legislators/government officials that are addressing the problem of distracted driving.

Describe the impact of existing programs, resources, policies, and laws that are currently impacting distracted driving.

Identify the gaps in current policies and programs affecting distracted driving.

Define the RNs role and responsibilities considering distracted driving

Identify upstream interventions to prevent distracted driving.



Distraction.gov
Programs & Resources
that Address the Problem continued...
Bailin, A., Milanaik, R., & Adesman, A. (2014). Health Implications of NewAge Technologies for Adolescents: A Review of the Research. Current Opinion In Pediatrics, 26(5), 605-619.
doi:10.1097/MOP.0000000000000140

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014, October 30) Injury Prevention and Control: Motor Vehicle Safety. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/motorvehiclesafety/
distracted_driving/

Costs & Prevention Policies. (2014, October 07). Retrieved October 10, 2014, from http://www.cdc.gov/motorvehiclesafety/costs/index.html

Davis, K. (Writer). (2013, November 6). I-Team: Do RI's driving distraction laws go far enough? [Television series episode]. In I-Team. Providence, Rhode Island: NBC.

Ferdinand, A. O., Menachemi, N., Sen, B., Blackburn, J. L., Morrisey, M., & Nelson, L. (2014). Impact of Texting Laws on Motor Vehicular Fatalities in the United States. American Journal Of
Public Health, 104(8), 1370-1377. doi:10.2105/AHPH.2014.301894

Fitch, G. A., Soccolich, S. A., Guo, F., McClafferty, J., Fang, Y., Olson, R. L., Perez, M. A.,Hanowski, R. J., Hankey, J. M., & Dingus, T. A. (2013, April). The impact of hand-heldand hands-free cell
phone use on driving performance and safety-critical event risk.(Report No. DOT HS 811 757). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic SafetyAdministration.

Highway Loss Data Institute. Highway Loss Data Institute bulletin: texting laws and collision claim frequencies. HLDI. 2010. www.iihs.org/media/fc495300-6f8c-419d-84d7-
c3b94d178e5a/631033115/HLDI%20Research/Bulletins/hldi_bulletin_27.11.pdf.

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, April 2013. Publication no. DOT HS 811 737. Available from http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811737.pdf. Accessed October 9, 2014.

Rhode Island Department of Transportation Highway Safety Plan. Available at http://www.dot.ri.gov/community/safety/reports/performanceplan.php. Accessed on November 18, 2014.

Richardson, R. (2014, April 15). Evolution of a Trauma Nurse. Retrieved November 10, 2014, from www.drivesmartva.org/blog/evolution-of-a-trauma-nurse

RI.Gov http://www.ri.gov/press/view/22962 Accessed on October 14, 2014. http://www.risp.ri.gov/importantinformation/motorvehiclesafety/statistics.php http://handsfreeinfo.comrhode-
island-cell-phone-laws-legislation/

State of Rhode Island office of the Attorney General Peter Kilmartin. http://www.riag.ri.gov/texting/itcanwait.php/ Accessed on October 30, 2014.

Unni, P., MPH, Morrow, S. E., MD, Shultz, B. L., MSN, & Tian, T. T. (2013). A hospital-school educational program to address teen motor vehicle safety. Trauma Acute Care Surg, 75(4), S285-
S289. doi:10.1097/ta.0b013e31828f9aa4

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Healthy People 2020. Washington, DC. Available at https://
www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/injury-and-violence-prevention. Accessed on October 14, 2014.

Vanderbilt University Medical Center - Vanderbilt Trauma nurses initiate pledge against distracted driving. (2012, May 16). Retrieved October 9, 2014, from http://www.mc.vanderbilt.edu/
news/releases.php?release=2422

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