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Language Learning in Early Childhood
Transcript of Language Learning in Early Childhood
Children may be virtually cut off from their family language when they are submerged in an L2 for long periods in early schooling. Negation Learning how to deny/reject/disagree/reuse
Stage 1: No go. No cookie. No comb hair.
Stage 2: Daddy no comb hair.
Stage 3: I can’t do it. He don’t want it.
Stage 4: You didn’t have supper. She doesn’t want it. I don’t have no more candies.They still have a little bit of trouble with negatives. Questions Early Language Learning Early Childhood Bilingualism True or false?
Learning more than one language in early childhood slows down the child’s linguistic or cognitive development aka "simultaneous Bilingualism"
majority of children across the globe are exposed to multiple languages
controversy within the topic Also known as subtractive bilingualism
Serious consequences for minority groups Development sequences: What they learn
Smallest Unit of a Language
Plural –s, articles (the/a), auxiliary “be” Grammatical Morphemes how to ask them or formulate them the language that adults use with children Child-directed speech Speech patterns:
slower rate of delivery
more varied intonation
paraphrase How they learn Theoretical Approaches Behaviorism say what I say
Language learning is the result of imitation, practice feedback and habit formation Activity Constantly using the language to get a better understanding
Imitation- wont do it until they are well grounded; it’s selective not random The Innatism Perspective It’s all in your mind
biologically programed in us to learn a language
Critical Period Hypthesis The Interactionist Position A little help from my from my friends = social interaction
complex interplay between human characteristics and the environment
emphasizes the importance of child-directed speech
language acquisition is influenced by the acquisition of other kinds of skills and knoledge