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Language Learning in Early Childhood

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by

Laura Schuster

on 24 January 2013

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Transcript of Language Learning in Early Childhood

Chapter 1 HILL What do you think?
Children may be virtually cut off from their family language when they are submerged in an L2 for long periods in early schooling. Negation Learning how to deny/reject/disagree/reuse

Stage 1: No go. No cookie. No comb hair.
Stage 2: Daddy no comb hair.
Stage 3: I can’t do it. He don’t want it.
Stage 4: You didn’t have supper. She doesn’t want it. I don’t have no more candies.They still have a little bit of trouble with negatives. Questions Early Language Learning Early Childhood Bilingualism True or false?

Learning more than one language in early childhood slows down the child’s linguistic or cognitive development aka "simultaneous Bilingualism"

majority of children across the globe are exposed to multiple languages

controversy within the topic Also known as subtractive bilingualism

Serious consequences for minority groups Development sequences: What they learn
Smallest Unit of a Language

Example:
Plural –s, articles (the/a), auxiliary “be” Grammatical Morphemes how to ask them or formulate them the language that adults use with children Child-directed speech Speech patterns:

slower rate of delivery
higher pitch
more varied intonation
shorter sentences
frequent repetition
paraphrase How they learn Theoretical Approaches Behaviorism say what I say
Language learning is the result of imitation, practice feedback and habit formation Activity Constantly using the language to get a better understanding


Example:
Imitation- wont do it until they are well grounded; it’s selective not random The Innatism Perspective It’s all in your mind

biologically programed in us to learn a language

Universal Grammar

Critical Period Hypthesis The Interactionist Position A little help from my from my friends = social interaction

complex interplay between human characteristics and the environment

emphasizes the importance of child-directed speech

language acquisition is influenced by the acquisition of other kinds of skills and knoledge
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