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Transcript of OCD
(obsessive-compulsive disorder) Definition Causes Symptoms Treatment By: Aimon Syeda - Jessica Co There is no exact cure for OCD but there are many that will help decrease the effects of it. Medical
Treatents are available to reduce the symptoms
Best when used with another treatment
Prescribed to people with more severe symptoms
relax muscles --> reducing compulsive urges
only used for a short period of time because they may become a habit
Should always be first treatment tried ; especially for kids
Can be done 1 on 1 or with a group
changes behaviour patterns
patient exposed to thing feared = fear to be reduced. Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs):
SSRIs work to improve mood and reduce anxiety by boosting levels of serotonin in the brain.
If you are suffering from OCD, its likely you have low serotonin levels, which may be contributing to the disorder. Most people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have both obsessions and compulsions, but some people experience just one or the other. The symptoms of OCD can change over time. Often, the symptoms get worse in times of stress. Common obsessive thoughts in OCD
•Fear of being contaminated by germs or dirt or contaminating others
•Fear of causing harm to yourself or others
•Intrusive sexually explicit or violent thoughts and images
•Excessive focus on religious or moral ideas
•Fear of losing or not having things you might need
•Order and symmetry: the idea that everything must line up “just right.”
•Superstitions; excessive attention to something considered lucky or unlucky
Common compulsive behaviours in OCD
•Excessive double-checking of things, such as locks, appliances, and switches.
•Repeatedly checking in on loved ones to make sure they’re safe.
•Counting, tapping, repeating certain words, or doing other senseless things to reduce anxiety.
•Spending a lot of time washing or cleaning.
•Ordering, evening out, or arranging things “just so.”
•Praying excessively or engaging in rituals triggered by religious fear.
•Accumulating “junk” such as old newspapers, magazines, and empty food containers, or other things you don’t have a use for.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder
worries excessively about the circumstances of their life over a long period of time
distressing thoughts that never seem to go away
have thoughts that are accompanied by images that are powerful, unusual, frightening, or absurd
have obsessions and compulsions associated with rituals
performed again and again, exactly the same way
believes these rituals will protect them from terrible thoughts
often unusual and meaningless
impacts people's lives differently
"disease of doubt" 1 out of 40 people will experience OCD Scientists have not been able to find the cause of this disorder but there have been many theories: may have been inherited
25% a family member will have it if someone in their family history had it
stress low levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter
neurotrasmitter: chemicals in the brain that deliver electric signals from one nerve cell to another
controls many mental activities in the brain
brain produces too much or too little of a specific neurotransmitter
nerve messages cannot travel smoothly from one part of the brain to another
maybe begin to travel again and again across the same set of nerves
might be responsible for the compulsions
strep throat -bacterial infection
strep throat antibodies attack children's brains
may lead to compulsions of handwashing and fear of germs Famous people with OCD Leonardo Dicaprio