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Hmong Migration to the USA in the 1970's
Transcript of Hmong Migration to the USA in the 1970's
The closing of Thailand refugee camps.
Bad farmland because of drought and communist Pull Factors Better farmland
Better education for children
Settlement Agencies help settle them Gravity Model Because it was forced migration the Hmong had no where to go. They had no choice since it was not voluntary. Sources! http://www.migrationinformation.org/usfocus/display.cfm?ID=281 http://www.asian-nation.org/hmong.shtml http://www.jefflindsay.com/Hmong_tragedy.html http://immigration-online.org/551-hmong-immigrants.html Americas First Involvement with The Hmong. The Hmong and other Laotian immigrants were helped by the passage of the Indochina Migration and Refugee Assistance Act of 1975 in their efforts to relocate after the Vietnam War ended. During the Vietnam War, Hmong villagers "secret army" worked alongside the CIA in their fight against the North Vietnamese in what has been called a “secret war” in Laos.
Where Hmong people settled in the USA The Hmong instead tended to go and live in places & within communities where other Hmong lived.
Because of that, as shown in the map, 89 percent of Hmong immigrants settled in California, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Michigan. California had the largest Hmong population, but Minnesota had the highest concentration. Intervening Obstacles Difficulty learning English, made education
and finding employement very difficult. Also,
hostility from people from the USA makes life there a lot more challenging. Since most Hmong people were farmers who were not very educated and skilled, they were not very advanced. They also found it hard to balance their culture with that of the american culture. From Thailand and Laos to the United States Refugees Because of their role in the US-led war in Laos, approximately 90 percent of Hmong refugees have been resettled to the United States. Since 1975, more than 200,000 Hmong have fled Laos as refugees. Policies in the US dispersed refugees, but chain migration enabled Hmong refugees to reconstruct community in various locations throughout the country Chain Migration The important thing about the Hmong migration is that most of them came as refugees or soldiers because of the war & ways of communist Vietnam and Laos. The attitudes of people were actually very nice and accepting. Because of this, Hmong felt very welcome and at home.