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Transcript of Hypertension Prezi
blood pressure. Blood pressure is basically the force against the walls
of your arteries as blood circulates through your body. Blood pressure readings have two numbers: the top number is called systolic blood pressure, and the bottom is diastolic blood pressure. SYSTOLIC means when the heart is contracting, and DIASTOLIC means when the heart is in a period of relaxation. Both numbers are important to understand your blood pressure. What are some CAUSES? Some factors contributing to High Blood Pressure
include: *How much salt you have in your body
*the current state of your blood vessels, kidneys, or nervous system
*How your levels of hormones are A high risk person for Hypertension: * is African American
*is usually stressed
*drinks too much alcohol
*eats too much salt
*has a family history of it
*has diabetes Also, as you age, you are more likely to get high
blood pressure. Hypertension can occur in other cases, too! For instance, atherosclerosis (hardening of arteries)
can cause it. Also, when you're pregnant you are at a higher risk
for hypertension! When hypertension is caused by medication or
another illness it is called Secondary Hypertension. Now, we'll explain the effects of hypertension... The effects of having hypertension for a prolonged period can be quite serious. Some effects are as follows: *Damage to your arteries, as well as heart,
kidney, and brain when left unchecked.
*Aneurysm (basically a baloon-like bulge in an artery due to weakness in it's wall)
*Dementia So, what are some lifestyle changes someone can
make to prevent/help treat hypertension? To prevent/treat Hypertension, try these out in your life: *Losing weight if obese
*Eating a healthy diet
*reducing sodium intake
*Limiting Alcohol intake Also, visit a doctor and decide on a good medication if what is listed above doesn't work. Then have frequent visits and check your blood pressure often! Diet plays a large part of the prevention of Hypertension. The DASH diet is very effective. This stands for
Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension. Based around the DASH diet, this is an example meal plan. EXAMPLE BREAKFAST * 1 cup of oatmeal
* 1 banana
* 1 cup yogurt
* 8 oz orange juice EXAMPLE LUNCH * 1/2 cup quinoa
* 1 cup roasted winter squash, zucchini, soybeans
* 4 oz tilapia
* 8 oz water EXAMPLE DINNER * 1/2 cup kidney beans
* 1 chicken breast
* A salad:
-1/3 cup spinach
-1/3 cup romaine
-1/4 cup blueberries
-1/4 cup strawberries
-2 tablespoons of vinegar
-handful of sunflower seeds
* 8 oz fat free milk References/Sources: "Hypertension: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia." National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2012. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000468.htm>.
Wardlaw, Gordon M., and Anne M. Smith. Contemporary nutrition. 3rd ed. Boston: McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2006. Questions? Video: (If we have enough time)