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Transcript of Australian Aboriginal
-pass on information Aborigines in modern Australian society Traditions Corroboree What do the men wear?
- Paint (charcoal, clay, red ochre)
- Emu feathers What do they do?
- Rythmic "Coyley" music
- Sing - The spirits go back to the Dreaming Ancestors in the land if the correct ceremonies and rituals are conducted.
- Self-inflicted pain DEATH Initiation into Adulthood - Most important ceremony
- Usually occurs between ages 10 and 16
- Sometimes last several weeks
- Nightly singing and dancing
- Storytelling - They mourn the death of a child and celebrate the new life of an adult Primary Burial Secondary Burial The corpse is layed out on an elevated wooden platform, covered in leaves and branches. The bones are taken from the lofted burial and painted. They are either given to a relative, placed in a cave, or placed in a hollow log. The original constitution of Australia
was vague on the subject of Aboriginal
voting rights. Some politicians used this
to hinder the indigenous people's ability
That changed when a referendum was
passed in 1967 which gave indigenous
Australians the option to enroll and vote
Finally in 1983, an amendment was passed that removed the optional enrollment for Aborigines, putting them on the same status as white citizens (in Australia, voting is mandatory for all citizens over 18). The Right to Vote Modern Problems Aboriginal Australians tend to
live about 17 years less than their
Just about every other form of social
and physical welfare is significantly lower
than that of other Australians. Health problems,
poverty, and crime rates are high. Aboriginal Art represent one
of the most
vital art forms
in Australia today. can be
traced for over forty thousand years The Meeting of Two Worlds The Ancient includes:
the stories of ancestors,
the creation of the land,
the history of their tribe, evolved social customs. Cultural Memory = Dreamtime term used to describe the period before living memory when Spirits emerged from beneath the earth and from the sky to create the land forms and all living things. The Dreamtime stories set down the laws for social and moral order and establish the cultural patterns and customs. the harmony between humans and all other natural things. The Modern - converting these aspects into acrylic paint and canvas - continuation of tradition - communicating the Dreaming to non-indigenous people. Dot Paintings acrylic on canvas are the latest adaptation of an artistic tradition prevalent in the creation of dot paintings. “Aboriginals see themselves as part of nature. We see all things natural as part of us. All the things on Earth we see as part human. This is told through the ideas of dreaming. By dreaming we mean the belief that long ago, these creatures started human society. These creatures, these great creatures are just as much alive today as they were in the beginning. They are everlasting and will never die. They are always part of the land and nature as we are. Our connection to all things natural is spiritual.” -Silas Roberts, first Chairman of the Northern Lands Council. Yabun Festival! Yabun is the largest single day indigenous festival in Australia.
It is held on Australia Day (January 26th)
Brought in between 10,000 and 15,000 people last week! Mowanjum Festival - Many awesome corroborees
- One day and one night event.
- Features 100 indigenous dancers Boab tree nut carving Learn how to make a didgeridoo! And it is family friendly! - Done at festivals
- Traditionally, men dress and women do not. In the early 20th century, the Australian
government attempted to assimilate the
Today, the government strives to co-
operate with Aboriginal groups to help
preserve their culture.
Modern Aborigines have been largely
urbanized, but around 27% still live a rural,
traditional lifestyle. Mealtime Customs Education Food Ate meats, fish, fruits, vegetables, and nuts
Honey was a popular sweetener
Bush means natural territory and tucker means food
Popular bush tucker was emu, kangaroo, frog, and possums
They ate a lot of insects such as larvae, moths, ants, and termites
The native plants they would eat were spinach, yams, onions, tomatoes, berries, and grass seed First school was a mission school in 1815
Before that it was very informal
In the 1900's started attending state schools
1961 established National Union of Australian University Students
1991 only 3,000
2006 over 20,000 Men = hunters
Did not like to waste food
Boiling in hot water
Cooking in the smoldering ashes after a fire has been put out
Placed on top of glowing coals
Steamed in a oven-like pit in the ground
20th century = modern cooking products http://curiosity.discovery.com/question/kind-clothing-do-aborigines-wear Nature is very important to the aboriginal culture.
-All their clothing is made from animal skins and things found in their environment.
-Women wear casually no tops
-Body painting is a large part of their dress. Isolation - Among several tribes, the wife has to isolate herself from the rest of the community when her husband dies.
- She is sent to a "widow's camp" where she can only speak in a system of sign language
-Refusal means death National Sorry Day - Celebrated on May 26th every year
- Pays tribute to the "Stolen Generations" Stolen generations refer to Indigenous Australians who were forcibly removed from their families and communities What do people do? * Concerts and barbecues
* Reconciliation walks or street marches
* Flag raising events
* Speeches from community leaders Religion Progress Music The last great land to be discovered by the European explorers and traders was Australia. Europeans dreamt of finding all the wonderful things Australia had to offer. They didn't know there were people that had been there for tens of thousands of years.---Aboriginals The Stolen Generation 100,000 Children under the age of five 1910-1971 Attempt of the white people to help create the perfect race. In the 2000 Summer Olympics, Aboriginal
Sprinter Cathy Freeman won a gold medal
in the 400 meter sprint. Creational Beings Ancestral Beings Ancestral Beings are other forms of gods the Aborigines worship. Ceremonial Music:
- Death Wail
- Bunggul (tells stories) They are passed down from generation to generation
by stories, body paintings, and art. Instruments:
- Didgeridoo Ancestral beings teach that the spirit my return to a human, plant, or animal state after death. 1. Their skin and hair are both dark. There are about 500 recorded tribes,
2. Aboriginal tribes didn't usually stay in one place for long, moving to watering places and setting up camp there.
The Aborigines were totally isolated until 1788, when the English arrived.
3. Their traditions included music, singing, dancing, and art. Aboriginals first came to the Australian continent around 45,000 years ago.
After the sea level stopped moving all the time, the Aborigines settled and developed a great culture.
The Aborigines usually lived in the desert.
they ate insects, birds, reptiles, and mammals. They also ate lots of fruit.
Aborigines lived in family groups and clans. There are about 500 different Aboriginal peoples in Australia, each with their own language and territory and usually made up of a large number of separate clans.
Australian Aborigines migrated from somewhere in Asia at least 30,000 years ago.
Most of the peoples were nomadic hunters and gatherers--the men going out during the daytime to hunt and the women staying near the camp to collect food--and thus had to eke a substinence lifestyle off what the land could offer them. Do not believe in one, but in many gods. Believe in many different objects in tangible forms
known as "Creational Figures", or "Creational Beings". These objects represent the gods they worship, and
often come in the form plants, animals, landscape
features, or images on stones.
These teach the people how to hunt, gather, make tools, and conduct ceremonies. Ceremonial Life Rituals Funerals Initiation of boys and girls 1788- first interaction
Land became an issue
Europeans used the land for profit
Aborigines lived with the earth
After hundreds of years they now live together in peace Interaction