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The Two Year old Curriculum
Developmentally Appropriate Practice.

Developmentally Appropriate Practice
Sherry White
ECE 203
Instructor: Chandra Farmer

June 29 2013

Smilansky, S., & L. Shefatya. (1990). facilitating play: A medium for promoting cognitive, socioemotional and academic development in young children. Gaithersburg, M.D: Psychosocial & Educational Publications.

National Association of Elementary School Principals. (2005). Leading Early Childhood Learning
Communities: What Principals Should Know and Be Able to Do. Alexandria, VA.

Gronlund, G. (2007). Making early learning standards come alive: Connecting your practice and curriculum to state guidelines. St. Paul, MN: Redleaf Press

Bae, B. (2009), “Children’s Right to Participate – challenges in everyday interactions”,
European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 391-406

Koralek, D. (2004). Spotlight on Young Children and Play. National Association for the Education of Young Children. Washington, D.C.
 .
 

References

Science can be very interesting for pre school children, they enjoying exploring and experiencing new things all the time. Gronlund (2007) “states “Young children are scientists at heart, wanting to explore and take in information. You recognize their innate curiosity and provide tools for them to gather information about the world in new ways.
You guide their use of these tools and describe for them what they are seeing and experiencing.

Gronlund, (2007) states “Choosing materials and activities that engage children’s interest so that they stay with them for increasing periods of time and persist in solving any problem that arise as they explore.” All children will experience adversity of one kind or another at some point in their lives. If they have been presented with literature that addresses a variety of difficulties prior to having a crisis, they will be better equipped to cope when the need arises. Social and emotional development of young children can be enhanced if we carefully choose the books we share with them and allow simple opportunity for them to ask questions and relate the situations to their own feelings.
Reference
Gronlund, G. (2007). Making early learning standards come alive: Connecting your practice and curriculum to state guidelines. St. Paul, MN: Redleaf Press.



Literacy.

Overview of a Lesson Plan

The benefits of identified early learning standards are for children, families and communities to have high quality research-based early learning experiences. Early standards are essential to building a foundation for achieving positive outcomes for children. (Gronlund, 2007) Learning standards can incorporate into play, into Gronlund (2007), teachers who use the standards as a guide for creating appropriate learning experiences build instructional strategies that focus on what children should be able to learn and do. Used together with curriculum content resources, the standards help teachers provide responsive and intentional opportunities for learning to all children. Standards are the resources, activities, and instruction the program offers to help children learn.  
  Reference

Gronlund, G. (2007). Making early learning standards come alive: Connecting your practice and curriculum to state guidelines. St. Paul, MN: Redleaf Press.

Early Learning Standards.

  Math can be more then just counting, sorting,classifitying, The Manipulative- arrange the manipulative like a math center, Number the materials with dots and numbers, ask the children to connect the dots on the blocks with the whole number on the other blocks like a puzzle. (Counting and quantify) compare and measure the items. Which one is longer? Which one is shorter? Talk with the children about similarities and differences with the children.  Manipulative- Colored shapes triangles, square, and circles, make patterns with the shapes. Ask the children to tell you what color the shapes are? What shape did we use to make the pattern? And how many shapes do we have? Ask the children to help you count? Continue to increase the quantities of colored blocks. Barrels with monkeys connect the monkeys together while counting them. (Compare and classify)

Math

The value of play in young children learning is about play. Playing is fun to young children. Young children learn through play, they learn to get along with other children, make choices; they learn how to interact with others, and how to solve problems. Some children play with other children, and some children play independently it depends on the situation. Children love to play indoors and outdoor, children can learn a lot through play, and it’s an important area in all young children’s lives. Koralek (2004) stated “Play develops imagination and creativity and gives children practice in social skills such as waiting, negotiating, taking turns, cooperation, and compromise, sharing and expressing emotions. As children learn about themselves and the world, they acquire self-confidence, self-reliance and self-expression”.
Reference
Koralek, D. (2004). Spotlight on Young Children and Play. National Association for the Education of Young Children. Washington, D.C.


Social and Emotional

. The importance of play and socialization is important in a child’s learning. Teachers should offer play and socialization for a child in everyday activities and experiences. Children learn best through play and experiences. Similansky & Shefatya (1990) stated “In order for children to get the most from their play, children need specific skills and a range of experiences to give them ideas for make-believe.

Indoor/Outdoor Play.

Young children love to be creative, they enjoy the process of working with materials like paint, markers, crayons, and play dough. Creative arts will make a classroom fun for young children. It will allow children to be themselves. While exploring with creative arts children will try something different, and express their creativity through their art work. Make creative art fun for children with different materials.

Creative Arts.


Dear Parents welcome to the presentation in Early childhood Education. Children develop in many different stages.
Bae (2009) states “The Learning Standards for Early Childhood provide a framework for classroom implementation. Teachers who use the Standards as a guide for creating appropriate learning experiences build instructional strategies that focus on what children should be able to learn and do. Used together with curriculum content resources, the Standards help teachers provide responsive and intentional opportunities for learning to all children. The Early Learning Standards provide a foundation or framework for lesson planning”.

Parents Information on children’s Development


Gonlund (2007) states “By consciously building standards into curriculum plans and assessment. And gathering evidence of how standards are met, teacher, students, and their families gain a clear sense of what students know and can do. The parents get to see how their child is progressing in relation to the standards.”

conclusion

The benefits of identified early learning standards are for children, families and communities to have high quality research-based early learning experiences. Early standards are essential to building a foundation for achieving positive outcomes for children. (Gronlund, 2007) Learning standards can incorporate into play, into Gronlund (2007), teachers who use the standards as a guide for creating appropriate learning experiences build instructional strategies that focus on what children should be able to learn and do. Used together with curriculum content resources, the standards help teachers provide responsive and intentional opportunities for learning to all children. Standards are the resources, activities, and instruction the program offers to help children learn.  
  Reference

Gronlund, G. (2007). Making early learning standards come alive: Connecting your practice and curriculum to state guidelines. St. Paul, MN: Redleaf Press.

Early Learning Standards.

The environment will support the development needs of two-year-old children by providing children with social-emotional, physical, language, cognitive, literacy, mathematics, and science. Caring for toddlers is about building relationships and making the most of everyday experiences and routines. The care that toddlers receive and their experiences in their environment during the first 3 years of life have a powerful influence on the way they view the world, relate to others, and succeed as learners.Social and Emotional Development is building relationships with others.
Cognitive Development.
How Children learn and develop.
Two year old children love to play, explore, and discover in their environment. They are independent little people. Almost every day you can see exciting changes as children learn to trust you, joyfully explore the environment you have created, making discoveries, care about others, and began to see themselves as learners.
Physical Development is gradually gaining control over large and small muscles. As they toddlers explore they began to make sense of their environment. Rowan can turn the pages of his book one at a time. He identifies pictures of common animals, and recalls a familiar story.
Create an environment in which children can participate actively in daily routines and experiences. through positive interactions, children learn about themselves and how to relate to others.
The two buys are playing .
Language Development
Provide an opportunity for children to interact with other children. This can help build on their vocabulary. Encourage their efforts to communicate, and guide their exploration and learning.


Language
The environment will support the development of 2 years old by providing children with activities that provide them with learning. For this to happen, all children need to feel included.
Children at Play.
Child during play. Important to give children choices.
Children select activities and materials that interest them, and they learn by being actively involved.
The curriculum helps to guide in a child's development. The planning helps to define were, and how each child needs help to development. The curriculum explains all aspects of a development appropriate program, and leads you through the processes of planning and offering education to the children. The curriculum support the developmental needs of children by offering what they need to learn in all areas of learning.
References.
Example of Curriculum.
Cognitive development involves the way children think, and develop understandings about the world. They use what they learn to reason and solve problems.They learn as they play, teachers can provide this development by offering children different activities that will allow a child to think. As toddlers are able to reach for toys, and explore things with their hands, they experiment with cognitive development.,
Toddlers have a unique ability to relate to other human beings. When working with children who have disabilities, first think about their strengths. Also learn about each child's interests before considering the child's special needs. Remember that there are individual differences in the way a disability affects each child.
To modify the classroom environment or curriculum to accommodate children with delays, the teacher must provide a stimulating environment. Were children have the opportunity to participate in a variety of physical activities. Such activities as cars, lego's, beads, marbles, small books, and manipulate objects. A large game of catch with large balls. Stacking blocks. The teacher should be managing the learning environment through the curriculum to accommodate all the children.
ch
The curriculum planning is the were, when, and how to teach children in all the interest areas.Children love to interact with other children.
The curriculum is a road map it helps you get where you want to go. It includes objectives for children's development and learning. Objectives define where you want to go, and the curriculum tells you how to get there. It guides the interaction you have with children.
The Curriculum is in order to help children with difficulty. Considering how to meet the need of all children in your program is challenging. However, with an understanding of their individual development and the support of other professionals you can help all children develop and learn.
Social Play
The
REFERENCES.
Language Development provide positive ways to use language to express thoughts and needs. Provide children with opportunities to make choices about their activities and learning.
LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT.
Gronlund, G. (2006) Make Early Learning Standards Come Alive Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Merill Prentice Pearson Education, LND.


Lynn R, Marotz & K. Eileen Allen Developmental Profiles Prebirth through Adolescence (2013)
Sherry White
ECE 205 Introduction to Child Development
Instructor: Susan Harnage
August 5, 2013.
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