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Introversion and Extroversion

Mini Research Paper
by

Phoebe Lee

on 9 April 2013

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Transcript of Introversion and Extroversion

EXTROVERSION and INTROVERSION P E R S O N A L I T I E S in HELP University among students INTRODUCTION Background Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist extraordinaire, coined the terms: introverted and extroverted. He used it to describe certain characteristics he observed in others. "an attitude-type characterised by orientation in life through subjective psychic contents" "an attitude type characterised by concentration of interest on the external object" "inward-turning" "outward-turning" Every individual is usually differentiated by being either extroverted or introverted. "an attitude-type characterised by orientation in life through subjective psychic contents" RESEARCH QUESTION "an attitude type characterised by concentration of interest on the external object" Especially for university students, since they cover a wide range of demographic groups. Why are introverts and extroverts the way they are in a university among students? AIMS & OBJECTIVES Aim:
To understand how people are categorized as being introverts or extroverts. Objectives:
1.To understand the behaviors of introverts and extroverts.
2.To know what students think about introversion and extroversion.
3.To access if introverts can change to be extroverts, and vice versa. LIMITATIONS Can only be based on their behaviors during observation time.
Results may not be as accurate because a person's personality may vary and be very complex. and LITERATURE REVIEW Explains introverts and their importance in our ‘Extrovert Ideal’ society.
Cain also does extensive research on introversion.
Provides research in psychology and neuroscience to disclose the differences between introverts and extroverts. Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking by Susan Cain (2012) Provides almost the same information in her book.
Does more reflection on herself, despite being an introvert and working as a Wall Street lawyer.
Cain also tells her experiences as an introvert and gives advice for both types of people. Susan Cain: The Power of Introverts
TED Talks (2012) Psychological Types
by Carl Gustav Jung (1921) Jung gives a description of the personality types between the extroverted and introverted.
Provides an analysis of both in their consciousness and unconsciousness, by the way they think, feel, rationalize, sense and intuit.
Gives a psychological analysis about both the personalities. Shows results of the study of introverts and extroverts through neuroscience.
Provides analysis on behaviors of introverts and extroverts through certain greater activation areas of the brain.
Gives evidence of the introversion-extroversion influence through the brain. Sensitive People May Use Their Brains Differently
by Lin Edwards (2010) This online publication provides useful information and theories about extroversion.
It also contains researches linked to neuroscience and behaviorism in extroverts.
Wilt and Revelle also has given descriptive information about how extroverts behave and think. Extraversion
by Joshua Wilt and William Revelle (2008) In this Internet article, Helgoe goes on to mention the common behaviors of introverts.
There is also an analysis of introverts in the “What Not to Say to an Introvert” section of the article.
This article is useful as it gives readers an insight of introverts and how they would react or behave in certain situations. Revenge of the Introvert
by Laurie Helgoe, Ph.D. (2011) METHODOLOGY Literature Review Information from the books, journals, articles and videos on the topic.
These materials provide reliable evidence based on research findings, theories and opinions from experts on the field.
Research is mainly based from the literature reviews. Personality Test with Survey Handed out 50 survey forms.
Informal personality test from Susan Cain's book, "Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking".
Inquired participants' opinion on the topic.
Used mixed method to carry out this procedure.
The personality test later aided the observation method. Observation Observed participants and their behaviors in the environment (classroom, library, coffee shop, etc.)
Observed their interactions with friends, lecturers, strangers, and even when they are on their own.
Analyzed body language and how they express their energy in their surroundings. FINDINGS & CONCLUSION Why are introverts and extroverts the way they are? 20% of people are born with Sensory Perception Sensitivity (SPS) which makes them more sensitive than others.
Also depending on family upbringing.
Environmental factors play a big part too.
I believe that nature and nurture goes hand in hand on this topic. The behaviors of introverts and extroverts Introverts:
Susan Cain: ...(they) prefer quiet, minimally stimulating environments.
Laurie Helgoe: Collectors of thoughts, and solitude is where the collection is curated...(they) can tolerate—and enjoy—projects that require long stretches of solitary activity. Extroverts:
Joshua Wilt and William Revelle: Talkative, assertive, active, energetic.
Carl Jung: (They are) sociable and confident in unfamiliar surroundings, less cautious, less fearful, and likes organizations, parties, and tends to be optimistic and enthusiastic. Based on literature reviews. The behaviors of introverts and extroverts Introverts:
They are quiet, prefer to be by themselves, more comfortable around friends or people they know.
Think before they say anything. Deep thinkers. Extroverts:
They are lively, are usually seen with company, similar behavior around strangers and friends.
Always have something to say. Good critical thinking. Based on survey and observations. What do students think about introversion and extroversion? Have mentioned that there should be a balance between the two personality traits.
Have given their own definitions of the two terms.
Said that a person is introverted or extroverted, depending on the situation or environment.
Have favored their own type of personality.
Have mentioned that introverts are misunderstood and that we are living in an "Extrovert Ideal" world.
Left no comment on the subject. Can introverts can change themselves to be extroverts, and vice versa? Some introverts possess similar characteristics as extroverts and the same the other way.

Without the two contrasting personalities, our world would be dull.
It is good to have a balance between the two traits.
An ambivert is a midrange between introversion and extroversion on this personality spectrum.
REFERENCES Boeree, C. G. (2006). Personality Theories. Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, United States of America.

Cain, S. (2012). Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can't Stop Talking. New York: Crown Publishers.

Cain, S. (2012, December). Susan Cain: The power of introverts [Video file]. Retrieved from
http:// www.ted.com/talks/susan_cain_the_power_of_introverts.html



Helgoe, L. (2010, September 1). Revenge of the Introvert. Retrieved from Psychology Today: http://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/201008/revenge-the-introvert?page=3

Jung, C. G. (1921). Psychological Types. Retrieved from Classics in the History of Psychology: http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Jung/types.htm

King, C. (2008). 10 Myths About Introverts. Retrieved from Carlkingdom.com: http://www.carlkingdom.com/10-myths-about-introverts

Wilt, J., & Revelle, W. (2008, May 11). Extraversion. Retrieved from The Personality Project: http://personality-project.org/revelle/publications/wr.ext.rev2.pdf Edwards, L. (2010, April 8). Sensitive People May Use Their Brains Differently. Retrieved from Phys.Org: http://phys.org/news189932860.html
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