Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Egypt & Mesopotamia

No description
by

Dan Slowik

on 30 August 2018

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Egypt & Mesopotamia

Ancient River Valley Civilizations
Earliest Periods of History
Old Stone Age or Paleolithic Period
Period from at least 2 million B.C. to about 10,000 B.C.
Nomads
New Stone Age or Neolithic Period
Period from 10,000 B.C. until the end of Prehistory
People began to develop new skills (Farming) and technologies that led to dramatic changes.
Neolithic Revolution
Agriculture Revolution
Farming
Shift from
food gathers
to
food producers
No longer needed to roam
Early Farming Methods
Slash & Burn
Domesticate
1st Villages
Understanding Our Past
Prehistory
-
long period of time before people invented system of writing
Archaeology

- study of the ways of life of early peoples through the examination of their physical remains
Artifacts
- objects made by man
Technology
- skills & tools people use to meet their basic needs

The Fertile Crescent
Region of the Middle East named for its rich soils and golden wheat fields
Became a crossroads where people and ideas met and mingled
Mesopotamia
- Mesopotamia is a name of the area between the
Tigris–Euphrates
river "Between the Rivers"
Sumer
- World's first civilization
Hierarchy
Cuneiform
-
the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia
Ziggurat
-temple dedicated to the gods
Features of Civilization
Organized government
Complex religion
Polytheistic
Technology
Tools & Inventions
Social Class
The Arts
Buildings/culture/music
Reliable food supply ( Ag. Rev)
Writing
Scribes
Cave Paintings

First Empires
Hammurabi
King of Babylon
Brought Much of Mesopotamia under the control of his empire
Hammurabi's Code
1st attempt to codify a state with law
"Eye for an eye"
Kingdom on the Nile
"Egypt, is wholly the gift of the Nile"
Pharaohs
-Egyptian kings
Absolute power
Believed to be a god
Bureaucracy
-A system of government that includes departments and level of authority
Ramses II
-Ruled for 66 years
Best known ruler because he boasted about his victories and conquest
Ancient Egypt
Hieroglyphics
Symbols or pictures represent objects, concepts, or sounds
Recorded important economic, administrative, and royal information
Rosetta Stone
Deciphered by
Jean Champollion
It was a piece of stone that had the same passage written in 3 different scripts
( hieroglyphics/demotic script/greek)
Scholars could now begin to decipher thousands of surviving records from ancient Egypt!
Roots of Judaism
Monotheistic
-Believing in only one god
Very different during the current time period
Torah
-Gods plan for the people of Israel recorded in text.
Includes the first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy
Abraham
- Considered the father of the Israelites
God had made a
covenant
, or promise and agreement with Abraham
"you will be the ancestor of many nations. And because I have made you the ancestor of many nations, your name will no longer be Abram[b] but Abraham. I will make you very fertile. I will produce nations from you, and kings will come from you. I will set up my covenant with you and your descendants after you in every generation as an enduring covenant. I will be your God and your descendants’ God after you. I will give you and your descendants the land in which you are immigrants, the whole land of Canaan, as an enduring possession. And I will be their God.”
Patriarchal Society
- Men held the greatest legal and moral authority.
Eldest male was the head of the household
Sabbath-
Day of rest
Ancient India and China
India's Geographic Features
Subcontinent
- A large region that is part of a continent, but is separated from the rest of the continent in some way
Natural feature define the region
Himalayan Mountains
surrounded from the north & northwest
Cultural Isolation
- Limited contact with other cultures
how did this impact the people of ancient Indus Valley
Plateau
-Raised area of level land that juts into the Indian Ocean
Monsoons
-Seasonal winds that regularly blow from a certain direction for part of the year bringing rain
Indus Civilization Rises and Falls
About 2500 BC, about the time when the pyramids were rising in Egypt, the first Indian civilizations were forming in the Indus River Valley.
Little is known about these civilizations, but
Harappa
and
Mohenjo-Daro
were most likely twin capital cities.
Very well planned cities
Mud-brick housing, plumbing system, and streets
Grid system
Religious Beliefs Develop
Polytheistic
Viewed certain animals as sacred
Influenced later beliefs, especially the
veneration
of cattle
Evidence of trade with Sumer
By 1900 B.C. the quality of life was declining
Aryans
take over the Indus Valley
Nomadic people who intermarried with locals
Acculturation
-Blending of two or more cultures
Hinduism and Buddhism
Hinduism has no single founder, but originated from the mixing of Harappan and Aryan cultures in ancient India around 1500 BC
Hindus believe in one unifying spirit, Brahman. Brahman can manifest in many, polytheistic, forms or in one, monotheistic.
Achieving Moksha is the goal of life
A union with Brahman
Free themselves from selfish desires
Usually cannon be done in one lifetime
Reincarnation- Rebirth of the soul in another bodily form
Karma- All actions of a persons life that affect his or her fate in the next life
Key Hindu Gods
Brahma, the Creator
Vishnu, the Preserver
Shiva, the Destroyer
Caste System
Castes
- Social groups in which people are born into and can rarely be changed
The caste system separated Indian society into distinct social classes in which everyone knew their place and believed that if they followed the
dharma
(religious/moral duties) of their caste, they would be reincarnated into a better caste.

Buddhism
Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama in northern India around 560 BC
Gautama was born into a wealthy Hindu family, but renounced his wealth to seek spiritual enlightenment.
FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS
All life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow
The cause of suffering is nonvirtue, or negative deeds and mindsets such as hatred and desire
The only cure for suffering is to overcome nonvirture
The way to overcome nonvirte is to follow the eightfold path
Eightfold Path
right views/right aspirations/right speech/right conduct/right livelihood/right effort/right mindfulness/right contemplation
Nirvana-Buddhist's final goal
Union with the universe and release from the cycle of birth
Powerful Empires of India
Rise of Civilization in China
Ancient Egypt
Full transcript